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Variance in Arabic Manuscripts. Arabic Didactic Poems from the Eleventh to the Seventeenth Centuries - Analysis of Textual Variance and Its Control in the Manuscripts

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Book Series: Studies in Manuscript Cultures ISSN: 2365-970X ISBN: 9783110460582 9783110460001 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: xi, 430 DOI: 10.1515/9783110460582 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-25 16:28:41
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In Arabic and Islamic studies, the subject of variance in general and that of textual variation in particular has not been investigated exhaustively so far. In the present book the variation in texts of the “closed transmission” will be studied, focusing on a small corpus of didactic and model poems, with a view to establishing what degree of text stability and change was allowed by the medium manuscript. Categories of variance (relating to work-titles, text, number of verses and their sequence, page-layout, context) and the means of controlling them in the manuscripts of the poems are identified and detailed descriptions of the copies are given.The monograph also includes a presentation of some major traits of the cultural background to the study of Arabic didactic poetry and of its dissemination in which memorization has played a crucial role. The intended readers,editors and other users of manuscripts, are helped to acquaint themselves with the methods employed in the manuscripts to control variation and they are given an overview of the large spectrum of Arabic didactic poetry and of its place in the traditional culture of learning in Islamicate societies.

Variance Component Estimation for Combination of Terrestrial Reference Frames

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Studiengangs Geodäsie und Geoinformatik / Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Studiengang Geodäsie und Geoinformatik ISSN: 16129733 ISBN: 9783866442061 Year: Volume: 2007/6 Pages: IX, 69 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000007363 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Astronomy (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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Combining Terrestrial Reference Frames (TRFs) to frames of superior quality (like the ITRF) usually involves homogenisation by an empirical weighting scheme. Different approaches on variance component estimation have been evaluated for this purpose. The statistically rigorous Helmert estimator has been compared with two other methods: the degree of freedom method and a simplified, approximate estimator. Tests have been performed, covering two elementary types of combinations.

Empirical Finance

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ISBN: 9783038977063 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-707-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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There is no denying the role of empirical research in finance and the remarkable progress of empirical techniques in this research field. This Special Issue focuses on the broad topic of “Empirical Finance” and includes novel empirical research associated with financial data. One example includes the application of novel empirical techniques, such as machine learning, data mining, wavelet transform, copula analysis, and TV-VAR, to financial data. The Special Issue includes contributions on empirical finance, such as algorithmic trading, market efficiency, market microstructure, portfolio theory and asset allocation, asset pricing models, liquidity risk premium, currency crisis, return predictability, and volatility modeling.

Keywords

text similarity --- text mining --- machine learning --- SVM --- neural network --- LSTM --- credit risk --- ensemble learning --- deep learning --- bagging --- random forest --- boosting --- deep neural network --- causality-in-variance --- cross-correlation function --- housing and stock markets --- algorithmic trading --- take profit --- stop loss --- MACD --- ATR --- city banks --- dependence structure --- copula --- n/a --- market microstructure --- price discovery --- latency --- currency crisis --- random forests --- wavelet transform --- predictive accuracy --- housing price --- bank credit --- housing loans --- real estate development loans --- TVP-VAR model --- exchange rate --- volatility --- exports --- ARDL --- Vietnam --- crude oil futures prices forecasting --- convolutional neural networks --- short-term forecasting --- utility of international currency --- inertia --- liquidity risk premium --- US dollar --- Japanese yen --- cointegration --- statistical arbitrage --- natural gas --- wholesale electricity --- futures market --- spark spread --- earnings management --- earnings manipulation --- earnings quality --- initial public offering --- IPO --- asset pricing model --- data mining --- bankruptcy prediction --- financial and non-financial variables --- institutional investors’ shareholdings --- panel data model --- piecewise regression model --- global financial crisis --- gold return --- asymmetric dependence --- financial market stress --- robust regression --- quantile regression --- structural break --- flight to quality

Sediment Transport in Coastal Waters

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ISBN: 9783038978442 9783038978459 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-845-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Oceanography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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The interface of 440,000 km long coastline in the world is subject to global change, with an increasing human pressure (land use, buildings, sand mining, dredging) and increasing population. Improving our knowledge on involved mechanisms and sediment transport processes, monitoring the evolution of sedimentary stocks and anticipating changes in littoral and coastal zones is essential for this purpose. The special issue of Water on “Sediment transport in coastal waters” gathers thirteen papers which introduce the current revolution in the scientific research related to coastal and littoral hydrosedimentary dynamics, and reflect the diversity of concerns on which research in coastal sediment transport is based, and current trends — topics and preferred methods — to address them.

Keywords

suspended sediment --- sediment transport --- coastal hydraulics --- Mekong --- river plume --- monsoon --- mathematical model --- geochemical map --- particle transfer process --- tidal current --- analysis of variance (ANOVA) --- Cluster analysis --- Mahalanobis’ generalized distances --- Seto Inland Sea --- East Coast Low --- nearshore processes --- coastal erosion --- coastal management --- climate change --- numerical modelling --- Southeast Australia --- soil erosion --- SWAT --- water scarcity --- sediment transport modelling --- Tafna catchment --- North Africa --- suspended sediment --- sediment transport --- lagoon --- geochemistry --- Ni mining --- sediment trap --- hydrodynamics --- New Caledonia --- dry season --- Senegal River delta --- Langue de Barbarie spit --- delta vulnerability --- river-mouth migration --- spit breaching --- ERA hindcast waves --- longshore sediment transport --- Vietnam --- South China Sea --- erosion --- recovery --- storminess --- winter monsoon --- typhoons --- shoreline --- waves forcing --- storms --- resilience --- post-storm recovery --- Bight of Benin --- seasonal cycle --- trend --- sand-mud mixture erosion --- numerical modelling --- non-cohesive to cohesive transition --- remote sensing reflectance --- turbidity --- seagrass beds --- bed shear stress --- fresh water runoff --- oceanic water intrusion --- suspended particulate matter --- aggregates --- flocculation --- biomass --- sediment --- turbidity --- remote-sensing --- MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) --- Support Vector Regression (SVR) --- oligotrophic lagoon --- bathymetry --- reflectance --- seabed colour --- coral reef --- New Caledonia --- sediment transport --- cohesive sediments --- non cohesive sediments --- sand --- mud --- coastal erosion --- sedimentation --- morphodynamics --- suspended particulate matter --- bedload

Resilience and Sustainability of Civil Infrastructures under Extreme Loads

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039214013 / 9783039214020 Year: Pages: 408 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-402-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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There are many regions worldwide which are susceptible to extreme loads such as earthquakes. These can cause loss of life and adverse impacts on civil infrastructures, the environment, and communities. A series of methods and measures have been used to mitigate the effects of these extreme loads. The adopted approaches and methods must enable civil structures to be resilient and sustainable. Therefore, to reduce damage and downtime in addition to protecting life and promoting safety, new resilient structure technologies must be proposed and developed. This special issue book focuses on methods of enhancing the sustainability and resilience of civil infrastructures in the event of extreme loads (e.g., earthquakes). This book contributes proposals of and theoretical, numerical, and experimental research on new and resilient civil structures and their structural performance under extreme loading events. These works will certainly play a significant role in promoting the application of new recoverable structures. Moreover, this book also introduces some case studies discussing the implementation of low-damage structural systems in buildings as well as articles on the development of design philosophies and performance criteria for resilient buildings and new sustainable communities.

Keywords

corporation --- resilience --- disaster --- recovery --- Great East Japan Earthquake --- viscous damper --- hybrid damper --- seismic performance --- cyclic loading test --- silt --- subway induced vibration --- numerical simulations --- finite element --- infinite element boundary --- measurement --- substructure --- boundary technique --- inflection point --- hybrid simulation --- force-displacement control --- integration algorithm --- pseudodynamic test, earthquake --- nonlinearity --- model-based --- Brazier effect --- angle section --- Brazier flattening --- variational method --- numerical simulation --- beam --- reinforced concrete --- corrosion --- chloride ingress --- carbonation --- probabilistic --- sustainability prediction --- cold-formed steel structure --- cold-formed steel composite shear wall building --- mid-rise --- simplified modeling method --- seismic analysis --- shaking table test --- seismic damage --- simulation model --- system restoration --- water supply networks --- progressive collapse --- abnormal loads --- sudden column removal --- seismic connection detail --- energy-based approximate analysis --- structural robustness --- structural sensitivity --- mitigation --- shaking table test --- liquefaction --- settlement --- ground improvement --- resilience-based design --- dynamic structural analysis --- GM selection --- displacement response spectrum --- structural response estimates --- spectrum variance --- probabilistic framework --- reinforced concrete frames --- liquefaction --- response surface method --- artificial neural network --- Monte Carlo simulation --- optimized section --- precast slab --- concrete --- tapered cross section --- shear performance --- ground motion --- matching pursuit decomposition --- time-frequency energy distribution --- ratcheting effect --- nonlinear response --- flow --- analysis --- concrete --- girder --- damage --- NDE --- replaceable coupling beam --- beam --- shear wall --- cyclic reversal test --- seismic behavior --- settlement --- mined-out region --- railway construction --- dynamic model --- column-top isolation --- single-layer reticulated dome --- nonlinear time-history analysis --- damping effect --- hybrid simulation --- intermediate column --- subway station --- OpenFresco --- OpenSees --- resilience --- sustainability --- civil infrastructures --- extreme loads --- natural hazards --- earthquakes --- seismic performance --- energy dissipative devices

Multi-Objective and Multi-Attribute Optimisation for Sustainable Development Decision Aiding

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039211425 / 9783039211432 Year: Pages: 394 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-143-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Optimization is considered as a decision-making process for getting the most out of available resources for the best attainable results. Many real-world problems are multi-objective or multi-attribute problems that naturally involve several competing objectives that need to be optimized simultaneously, while respecting some constraints or involving selection among feasible discrete alternatives. In this Reprint of the Special Issue, 19 research papers co-authored by 88 researchers from 14 different countries explore aspects of multi-objective or multi-attribute modeling and optimization in crisp or uncertain environments by suggesting multiple-attribute decision-making (MADM) and multi-objective decision-making (MODM) approaches. The papers elaborate upon the approaches of state-of-the-art case studies in selected areas of applications related to sustainable development decision aiding in engineering and management, including construction, transportation, infrastructure development, production, and organization management.

Keywords

port scheduling --- berth-quay crane joint scheduling --- optimization study --- hybrid mathematical model --- multi-objective decision-making (MODM) --- sustainability --- vibration suppression --- single-cylinder engine --- multi-objective evolutionary algorithms --- dynamic analysis --- crank–slider --- ecological building --- clay blocks --- compacted clay --- straw bales --- cost calculation --- group decision making --- hesitant fuzzy set --- hospital evaluation --- linguistic hesitant fuzzy set and Standard variance --- bi-objective optimization --- heuristics --- discrete time/cost trade-off --- project scheduling --- Rough Hamy aggregator --- sustainable traffic --- Rough BWM --- Rough WASPAS --- construction --- roundabout --- optimization --- genetic algorithm --- artificial neural network --- apple --- drying --- rehydration --- renewable energy --- technology selection problem --- sustainable energy evaluation --- sustainable energy developments --- sustainable developments --- hierarchical SWARA --- MULTIMOORA --- multiple criteria decision making (MCDM) --- Multiple Attribute Decision Making (MADM) --- ranking --- healthcare facility --- location-allocation problem --- multiple objective optimization --- bi-level programming --- particle swarm optimization (PSO) --- cleaner production (CP) --- extended Tomada de Decisão Interativa Multicritério (TODIM) --- probabilistic linguistic term sets (PLTSs) --- hybrid multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) --- gold mines --- conceptual framework --- organizations --- sustainability --- sustainability hierarchy --- Total Interpretive Structural Modeling (TISM) --- sustainable transport --- public transport --- emission of pollutants --- travel times --- bus pass --- MCDM --- critical information infrastructures --- fuzzy --- AHP --- WSM --- WASPAS --- MCDM --- hybrid --- management --- grey --- SWARA --- TOPSIS-GM --- ARAS-G --- Geomean --- energy efficiency --- comfort of use of buildings --- historic buildings --- sustainable development --- surface transport --- innovation in transport --- policy measures --- sustainable transport policy --- multiple criteria decision aid --- hybrid expert system --- bat algorithm --- particle swarm optimization algorithm --- multi-purpose system --- water resource management --- project --- construction --- contractor --- multiple-criteria decision-making --- AHP --- sustainable solution --- choice --- expert --- building investment project --- risk --- assessment --- verbal analysis --- multiple-attribute decision-making (MADM) --- multi-objective decision-making (MODM) --- optimization --- engineering --- management --- sustainable development

Risk Measures with Applications in Finance and Economics

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038974437 / 9783038974444 Year: Pages: 536 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-444-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Risk measures play a vital role in many subfields of economics and finance. It has been proposed that risk measures could be analysed in relation to the performance of variables extracted from empirical real-world data. For example, risk measures may help inform effective monetary and fiscal policies and, therefore, the further development of pricing models for financial assets such as equities, bonds, currencies, and derivative securities.A Special Issue of “Risk Measures with Applications in Finance and Economics” will be devoted to advancements in the mathematical and statistical development of risk measures with applications in finance and economics. This Special Issue will bring together the theory, practice and real-world applications of risk measures. This book is a collection of papers published in the Special Issue of “Risk Measures with Applications in Finance and Economics” for Sustainability in 2018.

Keywords

falsified products --- medication --- health risk --- low-income country --- regular vine copulas --- tree structures --- co-dependence modelling --- European stock markets --- carbon emissions --- fossil fuels --- crude oil --- coal --- low carbon targets --- green energy --- spot and futures prices --- Granger causality --- volatility spillovers --- quasi likelihood ratio (QLR) test --- diagonal BEKK --- full BEKK --- dynamic hedging --- socially responsible investment --- multivariate regime-switching --- time-varying correlations --- volatility transmission --- conscientiousness --- openness to experience --- perceived ease of use --- perceived usefulness --- online purchase intention --- dynamic conditional correlation --- generalized autoregressive score functions --- time-varying copula function --- CoVaR --- utility --- credit derivatives --- stochastic volatility --- asymptotic approximation --- risk aversion --- portfolio selection --- need hierarchy theory --- two-level optimization --- variance --- coherent risk measures --- probability of default --- bank risk --- banking regulation --- SYMBOL --- financial stability --- China’s food policy --- sustainable food security system --- japonica rice production --- two-level CES function --- technological progress --- Project Financing --- Mezzanine Financing --- option value --- Monte Carlo Simulations --- probabilistic cash flow --- optimizing financial model --- risks mitigation --- investment profitability --- financial hazard map --- random forests --- early warning system --- bank failure --- B-splines --- inflation forecast --- monthly CPI data --- out-of-sample forecast --- the sudden stop of capital inflow --- financial security --- the optimal scale of foreign exchange reserve --- utility maximization --- finance risk --- liquidity premium --- uncertainty termination --- investment horizon --- Amihud’s illiquidity ratio --- factor models --- diversification --- bank profitability --- bank risk --- dynamic panel --- European banking system --- sustainability of economic recovery --- Bayesian approach --- conjugate prior --- cartel --- leniency program --- policy simulation --- S&P 500 index options --- gain-loss ratio --- risk-neutral distribution --- binomial tree --- risk management --- market timing --- moving averages --- risk-free rate --- returns and volatility --- financial risk --- bankruptcy --- regression model --- sustainable development --- Slovak enterprises --- sentiment analysis --- polarity --- scientific verification --- emotion --- joy --- sadness --- climate change --- GMC --- VIX --- RV5MIN --- causal path --- ANN --- sovereign credit default swap (SCDS) --- emerging market --- markov regime switching --- credit risk --- risk assessment --- risk measures --- IPO underpricing --- financial crisis --- information asymmetry --- financial risks --- business groups --- financial performance --- group-affiliated --- institutional voids --- production frontier function --- stochastic frontier model --- specification testing --- wild bootstrap --- smoothing process --- empirical process --- simulations --- stakeholder theory --- sustainability --- risk --- social efficiency --- banking --- cooperative banks --- Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) --- corporate sustainability --- news release --- stakeholder theory --- stock return volatility --- EGARCH-m --- life insurance --- term life insurance --- whole life insurance --- self-perceived health --- objective health status --- future health risk --- SHARE --- national health system

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