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Alternative Sources of Energy Modeling and Automation

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ISBN: 9783039283743 9783039283750 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-375-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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Micro-power domestic organic Rankine cycle (ORC) systems and the selection of the expander and the working fluid are presented, analyzed thoroughly, and numerically evaluated. A promising decentralized hybrid PV-SOFC system is investigated for providing useful energy supply to commercial buildings, capable of power and heat generation at a lower cost. A hybrid solar-combined cycle power plant integrated with a packed-bed thermal energy storage system with a novel recycling configuration enables robust control of collector temperature and net power during times of high solar activity. An automated hybrid (solar and biomass) power plant for thermal energy production for indoor space heating loads coverage is presented. A comprehensive and up-to-date literature review is presented of non-iterative methods for the extraction of the single diode model parameters of photovoltaic modules. A prototype custom built two-speed gearbox with a single stage transmission electric vehicle achieves significant reductions in the overall energy consumption. Two new fuzzy models are presented of high concentrator photovoltaics using the high-accuracy Takagi–Sugeno–Kang approach and the ease of interpreting the Mamdani linguistic rules. Finally, the impact of plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) in the primary frequency regulation is studied and the effects of PHEVs in non-interconnected isolated power systems with significant renewable energy source (RES) penetration are demonstrated through simulations of the isolated power system of Cyprus Island.

Microgrids

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ISBN: 9783039218684 9783039218691 Year: Pages: 108 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-869-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Electrical power systems are evolving at the generation, transmission, and distribution levels. At distribution level, small generating and storage units—the so-called distributed energy sources (DERs)—are being installed close to consumption sites. The expansion of DERs is empowering renewable energy source integration and, as a consequence, new actors are appearing in electrical systems. Among them, the prosumer is a game-changer; the fruit of the behavior transformation of the consumer who has not only the ability to consume power but also to produce it. Microgrids can be understood as DER installations that have the capability of both grid-connected and grid-isolated operation. During the last decades, there has been a significant deployment of microgrids (e.g., in countries like the United States, Switzerland, and Denmark) and a consequent increase in renewable energy generation. This is contributing to the decarbonization of electrical power systems. However, the variability and intermittency of renewable sources introduce uncertainty, which implies a more complex operation and control. Taking into account that existing and future planned microgrids are being/going to be interconnected to the current electrical network, challenges in terms of design, operation, and control at power system level need to be addressed, considering existing regulations.

Keywords

demand-side management --- optimization --- deterministic optimization --- stochastic optimization --- residential users --- devices scheduling --- renewable sources --- storage systems --- electric energy market --- power quality --- chaos synchronization detection --- extension theory --- direct search method (DSM) --- microgrid (MG) --- distributed energy resources (DERs) --- distributed generation (DG) --- optimal dispatch --- microgrids --- multi-agent --- coordinated control --- IEC 61850 Standard --- generic object oriented substation event (GOOSE) communication --- power quality disturbances --- S-transform --- multiresolution --- particle swarm optimization --- decision tree --- reliability evaluation --- microgrid --- distributed generation --- battery storage --- vehicle-to-grid --- ruleless EV --- regular EV --- combined power generation system --- microgrid --- coordinative optimization of energy --- predictive control --- genetic algorithm --- distributed generation (DG) --- microgrid --- microgrid stability controller (MSC) --- total sliding-mode control --- hierarchical control scheme --- maximum electrical efficiency --- nonlinear programming --- solid oxide fuel cell --- electric vehicle (EV) --- vehicle-to-grid (V2G) --- isolated grid --- load frequency control (LFC) --- multivariable generalized predictive control (MGPC) --- current harmonic reduction --- active filter --- power quality --- buck-boost converter --- renewable energy source --- optimal capacity --- reliability --- renewable --- energy storage --- genetic algorithm --- DC microgrid --- communication delay --- droop control --- load power sharing --- mesh configuration --- radial configuration --- electric vehicle --- energy management system --- peak-shift --- peak-cut --- vehicle information system --- photovoltaic feasibility --- flexible generation --- distributed energy resources --- power quality --- DC distribution --- DC microgrid --- inrush current --- grounding --- DC architectures --- datacenter --- residential power systems --- telecommunication power management --- smart grids --- microgrid --- network planning --- power distribution --- grid independence --- distributed energy resources --- micro-grid --- IEC 61850 --- plug and play --- operation --- small-scale standalone microgrid --- HESS --- ESS effective rate --- coordinated control strategy --- cost and life --- technical and economic optimization --- microgrid --- flywheel energy storage (FES) --- doubly fed induction machine --- frequency control --- smoothing wind power --- distributed generation --- congestion problems --- medium-voltage networks --- curtailment --- flexibility --- microgrid test facility --- distributed generation --- integrated electrical and thermal grids --- flexible and configurable architecture --- energy efficiency --- distributed optimization --- optimal power flow --- microgrids --- embedded system --- smart grid --- smart inverter --- distributed energy resource --- power quality

100% Renewable Energy Transition: Pathways and Implementation

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ISBN: 9783039280346 9783039280353 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-035-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Energy markets are already undergoing considerable transitions to accommodate new (renewable) energy forms, new (decentral) energy players, and new system requirements, e.g. flexibility and resilience. Traditional energy markets for fossil fuels are therefore under pressure, while not-yet-mature (renewable) energy markets are emerging. As a consequence, investments in large-scale and capital intensive (traditional) energy production projects are surrounded by high uncertainty, and are difficult to hedge by private entities. Traditional energy production companies are transforming into energy service suppliers and companies aggregating numerous potential market players are emerging, while regulation and system management are playing an increasing role. To address these increasing uncertainties and complexities, economic analysis, forecasting, modeling and investment assessment require fresh approaches and views. Novel research is thus required to simulate multiple actor interplays and idiosyncratic behavior. The required approaches cannot deal only with energy supply, but need to include active demand and cover systemic aspects. Energy market transitions challenge policy-making. Market coordination failure, the removal of barriers hindering restructuring and the combination of market signals with command-and-control policy measures are some of the new aims of policies.The aim of this Special Issue is to collect research papers that address the above issues using novel methods from any adequate perspective, including economic analysis, modeling of systems, behavioral forecasting, and policy assessment.The issue will include, but is not be limited to: Local control schemes and algorithms for distributed generation systems; Centralized and decentralized sustainable energy management strategies; Communication architectures, protocols and properties of practical applications; Topologies of distributed generation systems improving flexibility, efficiency and power quality; Practical issues in the control design and implementation of distributed generation systems; Energy transition studies for optimized pathway options aiming for high levels of sustainability

Keywords

energy system modelling --- storage solutions --- 100% renewable energy --- Åland --- vehicle-to-grid --- power-to-gas --- blockchain --- community --- energy market --- electric vehicle --- Demand Response --- gamification --- microgeneration --- renewable energy --- energy system modeling --- decarbonization --- global energy system model (GENeSYS-MOD) --- renewables --- India --- energy transformation --- energy transition --- sector coupling --- microgrid --- microgrid by design --- energy community --- net metering --- prosumer --- regulation --- resilience --- immunity --- Solid State Transformer --- electrostatic-driven inertia --- variable renewable energy sources --- wind power --- solar energy --- Germany --- pumped hydro storage --- system-friendly renewables --- energy storage --- ship’s electrical power system --- dynamic positioning --- blackout prevention --- maritime transportation --- energy system optimisation --- carbon dioxide reduction --- renewable energy --- sector-coupling --- open energy modelling --- market value --- decarbonization --- energy system modeling --- GENeSYS-MOD --- renewables --- energy policy --- energy transformation --- Energiewende --- European electricity system --- interconnector capacities --- delayed grid expansion --- electricity market modeling --- decarbonization --- renewable integration --- renewable transition --- numeric modelling --- Mexico --- climate policies --- energy transition --- energy policy --- GENeSYS-MOD --- island energy system transition --- 100% RE pathways --- RE integration --- smart grid technologies --- energy sector integration --- smart energy system --- Samsø --- Orkney --- Madeira --- transport sector --- transportation demand --- final energy demand --- road --- rail --- marine --- aviation --- levelized cost of mobility --- greenhouse gas emissions --- electrification --- agent-based modelling --- flexibility --- renewable energy --- electricity markets

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (3)


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CC by-nc-nd (3)


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english (3)


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2020 (3)