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Wilde und verweigerte Bilder - Untersuchungen zur literarischen Medialität der Figur um 1200

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ISBN: 9783863951597 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-25 11:01:25
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Sprache besitzt eine ihr innewohnende Bildmacht, sie evoziert bei ihrem Rezipienten unwillkürlich Vorstellungsbilder. Dies gilt besonders für poetische Sprache. Unter Einbezug rezeptionsästhetischer Ansätze zeigt die Studie anhand des Beispiels der Figurendarstellung die Charakteristika und Differenzen der Bildprogramme mittelhochdeutscher Erzähltexte auf. Die Untersuchung geht dabei von der These aus, dass die Methoden der Bildevokation an das ihnen zugrunde liegende Medium gebunden sind. Untersucht werden deshalb zum einen Texte semioralen Ursprungs und zum anderen solche, die konzeptioneller Schriftlichkeit zuzurechnen sind. Abschließend stellt sich die Frage nach dem Verhältnis von ‚histoire‘ und ‚discours‘ im Medienwechsel von Mündlichkeit zu Schriftlichkeit. Mit der Bewusstwerdung der Sprache scheint gleichzeitig eine Verschiebung des Schwerpunktes von der Erzählung zum Erzählen stattzufinden.

Systemwettbewerb versus Harmonisierung in Europa

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Book Series: Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631342985 Year: Pages: 403 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:18
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Die Arbeit setzt sich kritisch mit den Vor- und Nachteilen der beiden grundlegenden für die EU diskutierten Integrationskonzepte des Systemwettbewerbs und der Harmonisierung auseinander. Anschließend werden diese beiden Strategien auf den Arbeitsmarkt angewandt. Hierbei wird deutlich, daß - unter Wohlfahrtsgesichtspunkten und unter Berücksichtigung ökonomischer Aspekte - von einer Harmonisierung des Arbeitsrechts in der EU Abstand genommen werden sollte. Vielmehr sollten die einzelnen Systeme in Wettbewerb miteinander treten. In einem Exkurs wird auch auf die (währungsunionsbedingten) Anforderungen an die Lohnpolitik in der EU eingegangen. Abschließend wird der Mittelweg der Errichtung von Mindeststandards auf dem Arbeitsmarkt erörtert, der in Fällen, in denen der Systemwettbewerb untragbare Ergebnisse liefert, eine zu verfolgende Strategie sein kann.

Bridging Music Informatics with Music Cognition

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455713 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-571-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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Music informatics is an interdisciplinary research area that encompasses data driven approaches to the analysis, generation, and retrieval of music. In the era of big data, two goals weigh heavily on many research agendas in this area: (a) the identification of better features and (b) the acquisition of better training data. To this end, researchers have started to incorporate findings and methods from music cognition, a related but historically distinct research area that is concerned with elucidating the underlying mental processes involved in music-related behavior.

Bone Marrow T Cells at the Center Stage in Immunological Memory

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450930 Year: Pages: 84 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-093-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Allergy and Immunology --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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Increasing evidence supports the notion that bone marrow (BM) represents a relevant player in T cell responses, particularly in its role as a specialized organ for long-term memory. Memory T cells are enriched in the BM over long times after priming, and can be recruited to the periphery upon antigenic challenge. The articles in this research topic include discussions of whether these T cells are passing-through or truly resident, as well as a debate on the extent of proliferation of BM memory T cells. Original research articles in this collection include an analysis of the number of memory T cells found in different bones as well as effects of B cell depletion on T cell memory in the BM. T cells in the BM can influence a number of processes, from bone remodeling, control of cancer, to effects on hemopoiesis or Graft versus Host Disease (GVHD). This research topic contains several contributions to these topics including discussions on how to translate BM T cell knowledge into medicine.

Kinderlastenausgleich versus verstaerkte Einwanderung

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Book Series: Finanzwissenschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631311950 Year: Pages: 316 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:30
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Die Arbeit befaßt sich mit den Finanzierungsproblemen, die durch die prognostizierte Bevölkerungsentwicklung für die Gesetzliche Rentenversicherung entstehen. Zunächst wird herausgearbeitet, daß nur Instrumente, die an den demographischen Ursachen der Finanzierungsprobleme ansetzen, eine wirkliche Reduzierung der Lasten bewirken können. Hier bieten sich eine Erhöhung des Kinderlastenausgleichs und eine verstärkte Einwanderung an. Als Ergebnis einer Wirkungsanalyse des Kinderlastenausgleichs auf der Basis der neoklassischen Fertilitätstheorie wird eine Aufstockung der Mittel um gut 70.000 DM pro Kind für erforderlich gehalten, um den Beitragssatz im Jahr 2030 gegenüber einem laissez-faire Szenario um 1,5 Prozentpunkte zu senken. Durch eine verstärkte Einwanderung ließe sich die gleiche Beitragssatzreduzierung kostengünstiger erreichen.

Zentrale versus dezentrale Internalisierung externer Effekte bei unvollstaendiger Information

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Book Series: Finanzwissenschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631479445 Year: Pages: 205 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Ecology --- Environmental Sciences --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:30
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Können externe Effekte in Gegenwart unvollständiger Information über ihre Nutzen und Kosten im Rahmen privater Verhandlungen vollständig internalisiert werden, oder sollte besser der Staat für eine effiziente Ressourcenallokation sorgen? Die vorliegende Arbeit versucht, mit Hilfe neuerer informationsökonomischer Methoden Antworten auf diese Frage zu geben. Es zeigt sich, daß zentrale Regulierungsmaßnahmen gerade vor dem Hintergrund des Informationsproblems an Bedeutung gewinnen.

Myopische Steuerungsperspektive versus Nachhaltigkeitsorientierung: Einfluss auf den langfristigen Markterfolg

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Book Series: Controlling & Business Accounting ISBN: 9783653968071 9783653968088 9783631662489 Year: Pages: 183 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:55
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Einen wohl nicht ganz unwesentlichen Beitrag zur Finanzkrise von 2008 und deren Folgen leisteten kurzfristige Anreize für Manager, Gewinne zu realisieren, die die langfristigen Entwicklungen von Unternehmen beeinträchtigen. Ziel des Autors ist es, Impulse zur Gestaltung, ggf. auch verpflichtenden Gestaltung, von Unternehmensplanung und -controlling zu geben, um eine kontinuierliche nachhaltige Unternehmensentwicklung zu fördern. Dabei gilt es insbesondere zu prüfen, ob bestimmte Designs von Planung, Controlling und Nachhaltigkeitsorientierung, die eine übermäßige Kurzfristorientierung von Managern fördern oder verhindern, negativ bzw. positiv auf den langfristigen Markterfolg von Unternehmen wirken. Daraus wird ein Leitbild zur nachhaltigen Unternehmensplanung abgeleitet.

TRP Channels in Health and Disease

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ISBN: 9783039210824 / 9783039210831 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-083-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:07
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Almost 25 years ago, the first mammalian transient receptor potential (TRP) channel was cloned and published. TRP channels now represent an extended family of 28 members fulfilling multiple roles in the living organism. Identified functions include control of body temperature, transmitter release, mineral homeostasis, chemical sensing, and survival mechanisms in a challenging environment. The TRP channel superfamily covers six families: TRPC with C for “canonical”, TRPA with A for “ankyrin”, TRPM with M for “melastatin”, TRPML with ML for “mucolipidin”, TRPP with P for “polycystin”, and TRPV with V for “vanilloid”. Over the last few years, new findings on TRP channels have confirmed their exceptional function as cellular sensors and effectors. This Special Book features a collection of 8 reviews and 7 original articles published in “Cells” summarizing the current state-of-the-art on TRP channel research, with a main focus on TRP channel activation, their physiological and pathophysiological function, and their roles as pharmacological targets for future therapeutic options.

Keywords

ion channel --- TRPC --- small molecules --- calcium --- chemical probes --- TRPV1 --- TRPV2 --- TRPV3 --- TRPV4 --- mucosal epithelium --- ulcerative colitis --- inflammatory bowel disease --- TRPM4 channel --- cardiovascular system --- physiology --- pathophysiology --- TRPC6 --- elementary immunology --- inflammation --- calcium --- sodium --- neutrophils --- lymphocytes --- endothelium --- platelets --- human medulla oblongata --- cuneate nucleus --- dorsal column nuclei --- TRPV1 --- calcitonin gene-related peptide --- substance P --- TRP channels --- calcium signaling --- salivary glands --- xerostomia --- radiation --- inflammation --- transient receptor potential channels --- TRPC3 pharmacology --- channel structure --- lipid mediators --- photochromic ligands --- transient receptor potential --- TRPC3 --- mGluR1 --- GABAB --- EPSC --- Purkinje cell --- cerebellum --- toxicology --- TRP channels --- organ toxicity --- chemicals --- pollutants --- chemosensor --- TRPM7 --- kinase --- inflammation --- lymphocytes --- calcium signalling --- SMAD --- TH17 --- hypersensitivity --- regulatory T cells --- thrombosis --- graft versus host disease --- 2D gel electrophoresis --- AP18 --- HEK293 --- HSP70 --- MALDI-TOF MS(/MS) --- nanoHPLC-ESI MS/MS --- proteomics --- sulfur mustard --- TRPA1 --- TRPC channels --- diacylglycerol --- TRPC4 --- TRPC5 --- NHERF --- TRP channel --- TRPY1 --- Saccharomyces cerevisiae --- calcium --- manganese --- oxidative stress --- ion channels --- overproduction --- production platform --- protein purification --- Saccharomyces cerevisiae --- sensors --- transient receptor potential (TRP) channels --- yeast --- adipose tissue --- bioavailable --- menthol --- topical --- TRPM8 --- n/a

Internet and Mobile Phone Addiction. Health and Educational Effects

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ISBN: 9783038976042 Year: Pages: 328 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-605-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-21 15:50:41
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Internet use-related addiction problems (e.g., Internet addiction, problem mobile phone use, problem gaming, and social networking) have been defined according to the same core element: the addictive symptomatology presented by individuals who excessively and problematically behave using the technology. Online activity is the most important factor in their lives, causing them the loss of control by stress and difficulties in managing at least one aspect of their daily life, affecting users’ wellbeing and health. In 2018, Gaming Disorder was included as a mental disease in the 11th Revision of the International Classification of Diseases by the World Health Organization. In 2013, the American Psychiatric Association requested additional research on Internet Gaming Disorder. The papers contained in this e-Book provide unique and original perspectives on the concept, development, and early detection of the prevention of these health problems. They are diverse in the nature of the problems they deal with, methodologies, populations, cultures, and contain insights and a clear indication of the impact of individual, social, and environmental factors on Internet use-related addiction problems. The e-Book illustrates recent progress in the evolution of research, with great emphasis on gaming and smartphone problems, signaling areas in which research would be useful, even cross-culturally.

Keywords

commuting --- well-being --- personality --- gender --- stress --- Internet addiction --- Internet gaming disorder --- game device usage pattern --- smartphone --- comorbidity --- Internet gaming disorder --- IGD --- emotional regulation --- cognitive reappraisal --- suppression --- depression --- hostility --- internet gaming disorder --- Dickman Impulsivity Inventory-Short Version (DII) --- Brief Self-Control Scale (BSCS) --- Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R) --- Behavioral Inhibition System/Behavioral Activation System (BIS/BAS) --- Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) --- gambling --- video-game addiction --- screen addiction --- immersion --- problematic Internet use --- comorbidity --- cognitive distortion --- problematic smartphone use --- smartphone addiction --- social media --- approaches to learning --- deep approach to learning --- surface approach to learning --- smartphone --- problematic mobile phone use --- convergent design --- focus group --- survey --- internet gaming disorder --- impulsivity --- depression --- interpersonal relationships --- serial mediation --- Internet addiction --- mobile phone addiction --- online social network --- university students --- technological addictions --- behavioral addictions --- CERI --- CERM --- mobile phone dependence --- mobile phone use --- impulsivity --- China --- Internet addiction --- Internet-use disorder --- Internet literacy --- expectancies --- personality --- cultural differences --- pathological video-game use --- Internet Gaming Disorder --- comorbid psychopathology --- review --- Internet Use Disorder --- prevalence --- epidemiology --- adolescence --- latent profile analysis --- anxiety --- depression --- Internet addiction --- smartphone addiction --- propensity score --- Internet addiction --- coping strategies --- personality traits --- young people --- mobile phone use --- smartphone use --- Problematic Mobile Phone Use --- Problematic Mobile Phone Use Questionnaire --- psychometric testing --- measurement invariance --- time --- gaming disorder --- interpersonal relations --- self-efficacy --- self-control --- expectations --- fear of missing out (FOMO) --- social media --- problematic social media use (PSMU) --- phubbing --- teenagers --- adolescents --- addiction --- internet addiction --- mobile phone (or smartphone) use --- young children --- early childhood education --- parenting --- emergent bilinguals --- intergenerational language transmission --- behavioural addictions --- generalised versus specific problem Internet uses --- Internet addiction --- gaming disorder --- social networking --- mixed methods research

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