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Les raisons fortes : Nature et signification de l'appui

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ISBN: 9791036504556 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.pum.12331 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université de Montréal
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:43
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Abstract

À défaut d’analyses sociologiques, l’appui à la souveraineté du Québec est devenue la terre promise des spéculateurs : on a devisé sur son déclin comme s’il s’agissait d’un fait, on l’a expliqué par le caractère rétrograde de l’idée politique qui en faisait l’objet et, avant de tourner la page, on a même imputé aux mensonges de ses « leaders » les appuis résiduels. Tournant le dos à ces lectures, on trouvera dans cet ouvrage quelques faits sociaux assez têtus. Le projet de souveraineté du Québec a soulevé les passions depuis quarante ans et il a profité, en le renforçant, d'un vaste mouvement social favorable aux institutions politiques de la société québécoise. Il est solidement implanté dans toutes les régions du Québec et sa lente progression dans les groupes sociaux qui lui sont naturellement le plus défavorables semble indépendante des conjonctures ; si bien que le niveau de l'appui qu'il recueille en 2001 est comparable à celui observé au début de la campagne référendaire de 1995 et cela alors même que le groupement où il recueillait les deux tiers de ses appuis cette année-là se trouve relativement démobilisé. C'est justement sur ce fait — la mobilisation et la défection sélective des différents types d'électeurs — que le présent ouvrage jette une lumière inédite, montrant que ceux dont dépend le plus massivement la souveraineté sont aussi les plus prompts à faire varier abruptement leur appui.

Keywords

souveraineté --- vote --- Québec --- république

Où va notre démocratie ?

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Nul ne songerait en Occident à contester la démocratie pour instituer une autre forme de régime : dans son principe, la démocratie est aujourd'hui indiscutable et triomphante. Et pourtant au nom de ce principe même, on reproche à son fonctionnement de n'être pas assez « démocratique ». Le système représentatif est en crise, comme en témoignent la dépolitisation croissante des citoyens, la montée de l'abstention, la défiance envers le discours politique, le sentiment d'éloignement vis à vis de...

E-government in Europe

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Book Series: Routledge Advances in European Politics ISBN: 9780203962381 9780415401869 9780415599481 9781134143757 9781134143740 9781134143702 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203962381 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:26
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This book traces the development of e-government and its applications across Europe, exploring the effects of information and communication technology (ICTs) upon political action and processes. Explores a range of concepts and topics underpinning e-government in Europe: the degree to which e-government translates into genuine reform of government and public administration the dual role of the EU as both a provider of e-government through its own internal activities and also as a facilitator or aggregator in the way it seeks to engender change and promote its ethos in member states across the EU cyberterrorism and its use both by terrorists and governments to pursue political agendas. Featuring in-depth case studies on the progress of e-government in the UK, France, Germany, Denmark, The Netherlands, Portugal, Greece, Slovenia, Hungary, and Estonia. These case studies address the above issues, whilst at the same time highlighting commonality and diversity in practice and the paradox between top-down strategies and the effort to engage wider civil participation via e-government. e-Government in Europe will be of interest to students and scholars of public policy, politics, media and communication studies, computing and information and communications technologies and European studies.

A Populist Exception?

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ISBN: 9781760463854 Year: DOI: 10.22459/PE.2020 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Public Health --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-03 00:01:03
License: ANU Press

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The ‘spectre of populism’ might be an apt description for what is happening in different parts of the world, but does it apply to New Zealand? Immediately after New Zealand’s 2017 general election, populist party New Zealand First gained a pivotal role in a coalition with the Labour Party, leading some international observers to suggest it represented a populist capture of the government. The leader of New Zealand First, Winston Peters, justified his support for Labour as necessary to allow capitalism to ‘regain … its human face’. The new prime minister, Jacinda Ardern, spoke of a kinder, inclusive politics. This book draws on the 2017 New Zealand Election Study to uncover New Zealanders’ political attitudes and preferences post-election. Its authors ask: is New Zealand now A Populist Exception? Through detailed empirical analyses of how populism and authoritarianism affected vote choice, opinions about immigration, satisfaction with democracy and the relevance of gender and indigeneity to these issues, this book finds that New Zealand politics today does not reflect the international trend toward ideological polarisation and electoral volatility. The authors argue that inclusive forms of populism can be pluralist if a leader’s rhetorical approach recognises ‘the people’ as diverse and encompassing. A Populist Exception? concludes that although populism has long been a strong current in New Zealand history, contemporary New Zealand exhibits a moderate form of populism, with liberal and pluralist values in balance with a strong commitment to majoritarian democracy.

Optimisation Models and Methods in Energy Systems

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ISBN: 9783039211180 9783039211197 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-119-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Abstract

Challenging problems arise in all segments of energy industries—generation, transmission, distribution and consumption. Optimization models and methods play a key role in offering decision/policy makers better information to assist them in making sounder decisions at different levels, ranging from operational to strategic planning.

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