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Integrated Groundwater Management

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ISBN: 9783319235752 9783319235769 Year: Pages: 762 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-23576-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-03 18:37:19
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The aim of this book is to document for the first time the dimensions and requirements of effective integrated groundwater management (IGM). Groundwater management is a formidable challenge, one that remains one of humanity’s foremost priorities. It has become a largely non-renewable resource that is overexploited in many parts of the world. In the 21st century, the issue moves from how to simply obtain the water we need to how we manage it sustainably for future generations, future economies, and future ecosystems. The focus then becomes one of understanding the drivers and current state of the groundwater resource, and restoring equilibrium to at-risk aquifers. Many interrelated dimensions, however, come to bear when trying to manage groundwater effectively. An integrated approach to groundwater necessarily involves many factors beyond the aquifer itself, such as surface water, water use, water quality, and ecohydrology. Moreover, the science by itself can only define the fundamental bounds of what is possible; effective IGM must also engage the wider community of stakeholders to develop and support policy and other socioeconomic tools needed to realize effective IGM.In order to demonstrate IGM, this book covers theory and principles, embracing: 1) an overview of the dimensions and requirements of groundwater management from an international perspective; 2) the scale of groundwater issues internationally and its links with other sectors, principally energy and climate change; 3) groundwater governance with regard to principles, instruments and institutions available for IGM; 4) biophysical constraints and the capacity and role of hydroecological and hydrogeological science including water quality concerns; and 5) necessary tools including models, data infrastructures, decision support systems and the management of uncertainty. Examples of effective, and failed, IGM are given. Throughout, the importance of the socioeconomic context that connects all effective IGM is emphasized. Taken as a whole, this work relates the many facets of effective IGM, from the catchment to global perspective.

Water Governance, Stakeholder Engagement, and Sustainable Water Resources Management

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038424475 9783038424468 Year: Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-11 08:20:20
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This Special Issue of Water will focus on the relationship of water governance practices and stakeholder engagement approaches to the development, evaluation, and adoption of solutions to water management challenges. It is well recognized that the human dimensions of considering alternative water management scenarios and policy options are as least as important as their engineering, hydrological, and financial aspects. Identifying good governance practices and successful stakeholder engagement approaches can assist decision makers and water managers as they grapple with meeting the multiple environmental, economic, and societal objectives associated with sustainable water management. Papers are solicited that connect governance and/or stakeholder engagement approaches to the identification, characterization, and/or adoption of sustainable water management strategies, including conservation focused, flood risk reduction and technological solutions. The Guest Editors will consider papers addressing water governance and stakeholder engagement at all geographic scales, including transboundary. Papers addressing surface water, groundwater, and/or integrated water resources management are of interest, as are papers that examine indicators for governance and stakeholder engagement practices.

De spade in de dijk. Waterbeheer en rurale samenleving in de Vlaamse kustvlakte (1280-1580)

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Book Series: Historische Economie en Ecologie ISBN: 9789038213521 Year: Pages: 359 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_611030 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Academia Press
Subject: History --- Arts in general --- Social Sciences --- History of arts --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-26 11:01:05
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The Spade in de Dijk is the first synthesis on the organisation of water management in Coastal Flanders during the later Middle Ages. Based on the unique archival evidence produced by local water boards (wateringen), large landowners and local and regional authorities, Tim Soens argues for the occurrence of profound changes in coastal water management in the later Middle Ages. Water management gradually became less inclusive, investments lowered, and flood risk increased. This evolution was triggered by the social transition from a peasant society of land-owning smallholders to a society of absentee landlords and large tenant farmers.

Hillslope and Watershed Hydrology

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038429517 9783038429524 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-952-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-14 11:41:26
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Watershed hydrology is driven by climate forcing, near ground surface characteristics, and human activities, addressing a wide spectrum of environmental and water resource problems regarding both scientific-driven questions and practical engineering issues. This book collates watershed problems and solutions from around the world covering diverse climate types. These cases show complex interactions between hydrological processes and environmental conditions and scientific methods for understanding the hydrological regime and management of human activities. This book can be used as a state-of-the-art resource for academic researchers and water resource professionals, and will also appeal to students, scholars, and general readers interested in watershed models, water management, environmental management, climate change impact assessment, or ecohydrologic interactions.

Wetlands and Water Framework Directive

Authors: ---
Book Series: GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences ISSN: 21905193 ISBN: 9783319137636 9783319137643 Year: Pages: 103 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-13764-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- General and Civil Engineering --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Business and Management --- Manufactures --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 13:11:54
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This book compares the lessons learned from a wetland-perspective approach to the changing climate and the requirements of the Water Framework Directive (WFD) with regard to environmental conservation. Examples from Germany and Poland are discussed due to the efficiency of their respective implementations of water conservation policies. Although the general scientific interest in specific issues such as wetlands, climate change, nature conservation and the WFD enjoy a well established position in international environmental research, these four elements are rarely considered together due to the complexity of the processes, biased scenarios of global change and subjective policy background. Major challenges involved in carrying out environmental conservation actions that assess the potential impacts of climate change and management plans on water bodies are identified. The results of this approach are addressed to practitioners in the field of adaptive management in a wetlands context.

Governance for Drought Resilience: Land and Water Drought Management in Europe

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319296692 9783319296715 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-29671-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Environmental Technology --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Manufactures --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-27 17:05:30
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This book presents the findings of a team of scientists and practitioners who have been working on the project “Benefits of Governance in Drought Adaptation” (in short: the DROP project), which is included in the European Union’s INTERREG IVB NWE programme. The DROP governance team developed a Governance Assessment Tool (GAT), which allows the governance setting of a given region for planning and realizing drought adaptation measures to be assessed. Based on this assessment, recommendations can be developed for regional water authorities concerning how to operate most effectively towards increased drought resilience in this context. The GAT has been applied to six regions in Northwest Europe: Twente and Salland in the Netherlands, Eifel-Ruhr in Germany, Brittany in France, Somerset in the United Kingdom, and Flanders in Belgium. These regions are subject to drought aspects related to nature, agriculture and freshwater. This book will aid regional water authorities and other relevant stakeholders interested in governance assessment, whether that context is about water, more specifically about drought or flooding events, or other environmental issues. Further, the GAT can and has also been applied more broadly to a range of governance contexts for water management and beyond.

Sustainable Development in the Jordan Valley: Final Report of the Regional NGO Master Plan

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Book Series: Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace ISSN: 1865-5793 ISBN: 9783319300351 9783319300368 Year: Pages: 239 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30036-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-21 15:28:55
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This book summarizes the NGO Master Plan that provides a comprehensive program to rehabilitate the Lower Jordan River and its tributaries in Jordan, Israel and Palestine. It is a regional and civil society effort designed to promote the restoration of the valley’s environmental and ecological values within a realistic financial and economic framework. The plan identifies 127 specific regional and national "interventions"(projects) until the year 2050, based on seven strategic planning objectives: pollution control, sustainable water management and river rehabilitation, sustainable agriculture, Jordan River basin governance, ecological rehabilitation, sustainable tourism and cultural heritage development, and urban and infrastructure development. The total investment value is 4.58 billion USD, the plan ranks the interventions and identifies their feasibility in a short, medium and long term investment cycles considering the political environment.

Freshwater Governance for the 21st Century

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Book Series: Global Issues in Water Policy ISSN: 2211-0631 ISBN: 9783319433486 9783319433509 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-43350-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Hydraulic Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-24 12:23:33
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The objective of this book is to broadly illustrate the key aspects of water governance, mapping the spectrum of decision-making from techno-centric and eco-centric approaches, to hybrid concepts and people-centric approaches. Topics covered include the challenges for water-governance models, the polycentric model, the integration challenge, water in the decision-making hierarchy, and the rise of water-sensitive design, while also taking into account interdependencies between stakeholders, as well as the issue of scale.The book’s content is presented in an integrated and comprehensive format, building on detailed case studies from around the world and the authors’ working experiences in the water sector. Combining essential insights with accessible, non-technical language, it offers a valuable resource for academics, technicians and policy-makers alike.

Society - Water - Technology: A Critical Appraisal of Major Water Engineering Projects

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Water Resources Development and Management ISSN: 1614810X ISBN: 9783319189703 9783319189710 Year: Pages: 295 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-18971-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-12 15:09:21
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This book presents the results of the Interdisciplinary Research Group 'Society – Water – Technology' of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities. It describes interdisciplinary evaluation criteria for major water engineering projects (MWEPs) and portrays an application to the Lower Jordan Valley (Middle East) and the Fergana Valley (Central Asia). Both areas are characterised by transboundary conflicts, by challenges due to demographic and climate change and by political and societal pressures. Based on the findings, the book provides recommendations for science and political decisions makers as well as for international financing institutions. In addition, it outlines research gaps from an interdisciplinary perspective.In the past, MWEPs have been used as an instrument to cope with the demands of growing populations and to enhance development progress. Experiences with MWEPs have shown that a purely technical approach has not always brought about the desired results. In many cases, MWEPs have even resulted in negative implications for society and environment. Therefore, improved management strategies and enhanced technologies for a sustainable water resource management system are a prerequisite to meet present and future challenges. And, moreover, the continuous evaluation and optimisation of these measures is, likewise, a must.

Cosmic Ray Neutron Sensing: Estimation of Agricultural Crop Biomass Water Equivalent

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319695389 9783319695396 Year: Pages: 33 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69539-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 16:37:01
License: CC BY IGO 3.0

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This open access book provides methods for the estimation of Biomass Water Equivalent (BEW), an essential step for improving the accuracy of area-wide soil moisture by cosmic-ray neutron sensors (CRNS). Three techniques are explained in detail: (i) traditional in-situ destructive sampling, (ii) satellite based remote sensing of plant surfaces, and (iii) biomass estimation via the use of the CRNS itself. The advantages and disadvantages of each method are discussed along with step by step instructions on proper procedures and implementation.

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