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Culture, Philosophies and Reforms in Public Administration for the Globalising World

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Book Series: Association of Southern African Schools and Departments of Public Administration and Management Book Series ISBN: 9781928396697 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2018.BK80 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 11:21:03
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The aim of this scholarly collected work is to contribute to the scientific discourse on public administration in a globalised environment. The book reflects on governance challenges in South Africa and in Africa, with its point of departure being the ‘master narratives’ (the so-called grand debates) such as New Public Management and, specifically, the role of technology. It also reflects on the so-called middle range discourses concerning organisational-level issues in government (e.g. leadership and work procedures) and explores new solutions to old governance challenges like corruption and service delivery. 

The uniqueness of this collected work lies in its ability to reflect on existing philosophies and practices in an innovative way. Through its multidisciplinary lens, the book opens up a new vision for the future of public administration in the South African context and on the African continent, not neglecting the current local, regional and global environment.

Until recently, globalisation was considered an entrenched world order, but international political events during the course of the past few years have resulted in one of the biggest challenges to its endurance in recent history. This includes developments such as the successful referendum in Britain to exit the European Union, highlighting the growth of a severe nationalist and protectionist agenda that may be a signal of the unravelling of the current globalism world order. These developments inspire deeper interrogation of the challenges to effective public administration globally and the ripple effects in South Africa and Africa as a whole. Pointedly, it is evident that ensuring the voice of citizens in policy decision-making remains a critical governance challenge. On the policy front, there are perennial challenges of land reform, service delivery and poverty, while on the governance front, corruption has metastasised with a growing culture of impunity and lack of accountability in leadership. In the midst of growing corruption, and more than 20 years into democracy, South Africa’s income inequality remains one of the highest in the world. This setting constitutes the context of the research outcome published in this scholarly work.

Chapter 8 The Status and Role of the alpine Cryosphere in Central Asia (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781138348882 9780429436475 Year: Pages: 23 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Environmental Technology --- Environmental Sciences --- Geography --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-01 11:21:04
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The alpine cryosphere including snow, glaciers and permafrost are critical to water management in the Aral Sea Basin (ASB) and larger Central Asia (CA) under changing climate: as they store large amounts of water in its solid forms. Most cryospheric components in the Aral Sea Basin are close to melting point, and hence very vulnerable to a slight increase in air temperature with significant consequences to long-term water availability and to water resources variability and extremes. Current knowledge about different components of cryosphere and their connection to climate in the Basin and in the entire Central Asia, varies. While it is advanced in the topics of snow and glaciers, knowledge on permafrost it rather limited. Observed trends in runoff point in the direction of increasing water availability in July and August at least until mid-century and increasing possibility for water storage in reservoirs and aquifers. However, eventually this will change as glaciers waste away. Future runoff may change considerably after mid-century and start to decline if not compensated by increasing precipitation. Cryosphere monitoring systems are the basis for sound estimates of water availability and water-related hazards associated with snow, glaciers and permafrost. They require a well-distributed observational network for all cryospheric variables. Such systems need to be re-established in the Basin after the breakup of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s. This process is slowly emerging in the region. Collaboration between local operational hydro-meteorological services and academic sector, and with international research networks may improving the observing capabilities in high mountain regions of CA Asia in general and the ASB specifically.

Solar Radiation, Modelling and Remote Sensing

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039210046 / 9783039210053 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-005-3 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Accurate solar radiation knowledge and its characterization on the Earth’s surface are of high interest in many aspects of environmental and engineering sciences. Modeling of solar irradiance from satellite imagery has become the most widely used method for retrieving solar irradiance information under total sky conditions, particularly in the solar energy community. Solar radiation modeling, forecasting, and characterization continue to be broad areas of study, research, and development in the scientific community. This Special Issue contains a small sample of the current activities in this field. Both the environmental and climatology community, as the solar energy world, share a great interest in improving modeling tools and capabilities for obtaining more reliable and accurate knowledge of solar irradiance components worldwide. The work presented in this Special Issue also remarks on the significant role that remote sensing technologies play in retrieving and forecasting solar radiation information.

Keywords

Himawari-8/Advanced Meteorological Imager (Himawari-8/AHI) --- Geostationary Korea Multi-Purse Satellite/Advanced Meteorological Imager (GK-2A/AMI) --- broadband albedo at the top of the atmosphere (TOA albedo) --- reflected shortwave radiation at the top of the atmosphere (RSR) --- Clouds and the Earth Radiant Energy System (CERES) --- surface solar radiation --- remote sensing --- validation --- India --- solar radiation trends --- Solis scheme --- clear sky --- radiation model --- radiative transfer --- high turbidity --- water vapor --- solar radiation --- understory light condition --- forest canopy --- subcanopy light regime --- PAR --- shortwave radiation --- light attenuation --- remote sensing --- solar irradiance --- nowcasting --- AMESIS --- MSG --- SEVIRI --- radiance --- brightness temperature --- motion vector field --- photosynthetically active radiation --- global horizontal irradiance --- clustering analysis --- Kato bands --- solar irradiance --- MSG --- SEVIRI --- HRV --- AMESIS --- solar radiation --- global horizontal irradiance --- satellite-derived dataset --- validation --- solar energy --- aerosol impact --- earth observation --- clear sky index --- solar irradiance --- downward shortwave radiation --- global horizontal irradiance --- solar variability --- cloud categories --- GOES satellites --- evapotranspiration --- insolation --- surface energy balance --- data fusion --- water resource management --- California Delta --- solar radiation --- radiative transfer --- solar energy systems --- solar radiation forecasting

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