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Realization Limits of Impulse-Radio UWB Indoor Localization Systems

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Book Series: Karlsruher Forschungsberichte aus dem Institut für Hochfrequenztechnik und Elektronik ISSN: 18684696 ISBN: 9783731501145 Year: Volume: 71 Pages: VIII, 192 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000036616 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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In this work, the realization limits of an impulse-based Ultra-Wideband (UWB) localization system for indoor applications have been thoroughly investigated and verified by measurements. The analysis spans from the position calculation algorithms, through hardware realization and modeling, up to the localization experiments conducted in realistic scenarios. The main focus was put on identification and characterization of limiting factors as well as developing methods to overcome them.

Application-Specific Broadband Antennas for Microwave Medical Imaging

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Book Series: Karlsruher Forschungsberichte aus dem Institut für Hochfrequenztechnik und Elektronik ISSN: 18684696 ISBN: 9783731506645 Year: Volume: 85 Pages: X, 147 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000069288 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:57
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The goal of this work is the introduction of efficient antenna structures on the basis of the requirement of different microwave imaging methods; i.e. quantitative and qualitative microwave imaging techniques. Several criteria are proposed for the evaluation of single element antenna structures for application in microwave imaging systems. The performance of the proposed antennas are evaluated in simulation and measurement scenarios.

Body Matched Antennas for Microwave Medical Applications

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Book Series: Karlsruher Forschungsberichte aus dem Institut für Hochfrequenztechnik und Elektronik ISSN: 18684696 ISBN: 9783731501473 Year: Volume: 72 Pages: X, 194 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000037615 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:57
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In this work, new concepts of body-matched antennas for microwave medical applications were developed, where the antennas are placed directly on or in the human body. Two types of antennas were designed - on-body matched antennas for diagnosis and implantable antennas for data telemetry with the main focus of miniaturization yet maintained a high radiation performance. The applicability of the antennas was verified using a medical imaging system for the detection of hemorrhagic stroke.

Millimeter-Wave (mmWave) Communications

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ISBN: 9783039284306 9783039284313 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-431-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The millimeter-wave frequency band (30–300 GHz) is considered a potential candidate to host very high data rate communications. First used for high capacity radio links and then for broadband indoor wireless networks, the interest in this frequency band has increased as it is proposed to accommodate future 5G mobile communication systems. The large bandwidth available will enable a number of new uses for 5G. In addition, due to the large propagation attenuation, this frequency band may provide some additional advantages regarding frequency reuse and communication security. However, a number of issues have to be addressed to make mm-wave communications viable. This book collects a number of contributions that present solutions to these challenges.

MEMS/NEMS Sensors: Fabrication and Application

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ISBN: 9783039216345 9783039216352 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-635-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Due to the ever-expanding applications of micro/nano-electromechanical systems (NEMS/MEMS) as sensors and actuators, interest in their development has rapidly expanded over the past decade. Encompassing various excitation and readout schemes, the MEMS/NEMS devices transduce physical parameter changes, such as temperature, mass or stress, caused by changes in desired measurands, to electrical signals that can be further processed. Some common examples of NEMS/MEMS sensors include pressure sensors, accelerometers, magnetic field sensors, microphones, radiation sensors, and particulate matter sensors. Despite a long history of development, fabrication of novel MEMS/NEMS devices still poses unique challenges due to their requirement for a suspended geometry; and many new fabrication techniques have been proposed to overcome these challenges. However, further development of these techniques is still necessary, as newer materials such as compound semiconductors, and 2-dimensional materials are finding their way in various MEMS/NEMS applications, with more complex structures and potentially smaller dimensions.

Keywords

thermoelectric power sensor --- wideband --- GaAs MMIC --- MEMS --- floating slug --- back cavity --- microwave measurement --- MEMS --- high temperature pressure sensors --- AlGaN/GaN circular HFETs --- GaN diaphragm --- adaptive control --- backstepping approach --- tracking performance --- microgyroscope --- resonant frequency --- resistance parameter --- micro fluidic --- oil detection --- MEMS --- microactuator --- magnetic --- micro-NIR spectrometer --- scanning grating mirror --- deflection position detector --- dual-mass MEMS gyroscope --- frequency tuning --- frequency split --- quadrature modulation signal --- frequency mismatch --- suspended micro hotplate --- single-layer SiO2 --- temperature uniformity --- power consumption --- infrared image --- MEMS (micro-electro-mechanical system) --- inertial switch --- acceleration switch --- threshold accuracy --- squeeze-film damping --- photonic crystal cavity --- photonic crystal nanobeam cavity --- optical sensor --- refractive index sensor --- nanoparticle sensor --- optomechanical sensor --- temperature sensor --- Accelerometer readout --- low noise --- low zero-g offset --- microfluidic --- femtosecond laser --- rapid fabrication --- glass welding --- bonding strength --- accelerometer design --- spring design --- analytical model --- gas sensor --- micropellistor --- microdroplet --- pulse inertia force --- methane --- tetramethylammonium hydroxide (TMAH) --- wet etching --- silicon --- 3D simulation --- level-set method --- single crystal silicon --- anisotropy --- vibrating ring gyroscope --- frequency split --- accelerometer --- tunnel magnetoresistive effect --- electrostatic force feedback --- n/a

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