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The Frontier of Patriotism: Alberta and the First World War

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Book Series: Beyond Boundaries: Canadian Defence and Strategic Studies ISSN: 17162645 ISBN: 9781552388358 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 608
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-28 18:17:01
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With the centenary of the First World War, communities across Canada arranged commemorations of the war experience to honour local servicemen who, through their triumphs and sacrifices, were presented as laying the foundation for a free and independent country. Often overlooked are the triumphs and sacrifices of those who supported those soldiers, and the war effort in general, back at home. The Frontier of Patriotism provides an in-depth look at all aspects of Alberta's involvement in the war, reflecting Albertans' experiences both on the battlefield and on the home front. Contributors of the 40 essays all draw heavily on national and local archival resources. The war is seen through the letters, diaries and memoirs of the individuals who lived through it, as well as through accounts in local newspapers.Readers will come away from this collection with a deeper appreciation of the different ways that the First World War, and its aftermath, shaped the lives of Albertans. For many, these four tumultuous years represented a time of individual valour and of communities pulling together and sacrificing for a noble cause. Yet, for others, the war left disillusionment and anger. Exploring these regional and local stories, as well as the national story, helps us understand the commonalities and distinctiveness of what it means to be Canadian. The Frontier of Patriotism is the most comprehensive treatment of Alberta during these critical, transformational years.

Die amerikanische Verheissung Schweizer Aussenpolitik im Wirtschaftskrieg 1917/18

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ISBN: 9783034013697 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625139 Language: German
Publisher: Chronos Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170305
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 11:01:20
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Abstract in English* The promise of America&#xD;Swiss foreign policy amidst the economic warfare of 1917-18&#xD;&#xD;The book tells the dramatic history of the final two years of World War I, during which Switzerland was in between the fronts of the world powers. The surrounding struggle for global domination caused serious difficulties for the small state. Cut off from important food imports, resulting from the indiscriminate German submarine warfare, it turned for help to the USA. The pleas of a high-ranking “Swiss Mission” sent across the Atlantic were heeded: The USA supplied the landlocked country with grain thus averting famine. While America thus boosted its reputation, the German empire became more of a threat. Agitation increased when German agents were convicted in spy scandals and trials of bombers in Zurich. Despite German propaganda, the German empire was unable to maintain its influence in Switzerland. German diplomats, as representatives of the unpopular old order, were expelled from Switzerland when the Central Powers collapsed in the fall of 1918. The USA under President Woodrow Wilson was, in contrast, enthusiastically celebrated. This study, just barely one hundred years later, enables a new view of one of the most animated periods in Swiss history, offering an opportunity to reflect on the relation of this small country to the rest of the world.

Keywords

usa --- world war i --- germany --- foreign policy

Engagement oder Rückzug? - Göttinger Naturwissenschaften im Ersten Weltkrieg

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ISBN: 9783940344205 Year: Pages: 306 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Science (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:04:47
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Der Erste Weltkrieg wirkte auf vielen unterschiedlichen Ebenen auf die Institution Universität ein. Mit Beginn des Wintersemesters 1914/15 hatten sich in Göttingen wie an allen europäischen Hochschulen die Hörsäle geleert. Die wenigen Studierenden, die nicht als Kriegsfreiwillige angenommen worden waren, jagten nun gemeinsam mit der Bevölkerung Spione, wozu sie auch ihre ausländischen Kommilitonen zählten. Die Institute der aufstrebenden naturwissenschaftlichen Fächer mussten mit massiven wirtschaftlichen und personellen Schwierigkeiten kämpfen. Sie konnten keineswegs vom militärischen Interesse an naturwissenschaftlicher Forschung profitieren, da die Militärbehörden sich bewusst nur außeruniversitärer Forschungseinrichtungen, wie der Modellversuchsanstalt Ludwig Prandtls, bedienten. Göttinger Professoren nahmen am schnell aufflammenden internationalen Propagandakrieg teil. Zeitgleich kam es im Innern der Universität zu mit großem Ernst geführten Auseinandersetzungen. Angesichts dieser Rahmenbedingungen überrascht es, dass es den Professoren der Georgia Augusta weitgehend gelang, das Bild einer funktionierenden Universität zu wahren.

Naulila 1914. World War I in Angola and International Law

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Book Series: Studien zur Geschichte des Völkerrechts ISBN: 9783845271606 Year: Volume: 35 Pages: 516 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845271606 Language: en
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-05 12:58:39
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In 1885, Germany and Portugal became neighbours in Africa. The newly founded colony of German Southwest Africa prevented the southwards expansion of the ancient colony of Angola. The border along the Cunene and Kavango Rivers remained under dispute. After the outbreak of World War I in Europe, Portugal’s neutrality was questioned in German Southwest Africa, and when a group of German officials waiting near the border of Angola for food transports were shot in the Angolan fortress Naulila, a state of war between both colonies seemed inevitable. German troops launched several military reprisals against fortresses in southern Angola, most significantly against Naulila in December 1914. After their victory at Naulila, the Germans retreated to GSWA. However, African powers, most notably Kwanyama forces led by King Mandume, used the weakness of the defeated Portuguese army to expel the colonial troops from southern Angola. In 1915, a counter-offensive was launched with troops from Portugal that ended with the complete occupation of Kwanyama territories. After the war, a Luso-German arbitration procedure according to the Treaty of Versailles (1919) assessed the damages in Angola and Germany’s responsibility to pay reparations. The arbitration award of 1928 that established Germany’s responsibility for the violation of international law when attacking Naulila became a landmark case. It still holds relevance for modern international law. The final part of this book analyses the memorial culture that developed in Angola, Namibia, Germany and Portugal around the war in 1914/15.

Jihad and Islam in World War I

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Book Series: Debates on Islam and Society ISBN: 9789087282509 9789087282394 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_605452 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-31 11:01:16
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This books investigates the background and nature of the Ottoman Jihad proclamation, but also its effects in the wider Middle East. It looks at the German hopes and British fears of a worldwide rising of Muslims in the colonial empires. It also discusses the fierce academic debates caused by the Jihad proclamation, in which the 1915 manifesto of Leiden Islam scholar Christiaan Snouck Hurgronje (“Holy War Made in Germany”) played a key role. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Die Hungerunruhen in Hamburg im Juni 1919 - eine zweite Revolution?

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Book Series: Beiträge zur Geschichte Hamburgs ISBN: 9783937816630 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.BGH.65.106 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:22

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With the end of the First World War, the defeat of the German Empire, was sealed in November 1918. Even after the end of the subsequent revolutionary phase, political conditions in Hamburg remain unstable. On the one hand, they were marked by militant clashes between radical groups; on the other hand, hunger and misery continued to dominate the everyday life of the population. This was the breeding ground for a short section of the history of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, which had not received much attention so far: the "Aspic Riots" or "Hunger Riots" (Sülze- oder Hungerunruhen) .They broke out in the city at the end of June 1919.The discovery of scandalous production and processing methods of a jelly manufacturer led to turmoil throughout the city. These civil war-like conditions, which lasted only a few days, were the reason for the invasion of the Reichswehr troops under General Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck. The background, process and effects of the "hunger riots" are examined and presented in this paper.

The End and the Beginning: The Book of My Life

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ISBN: 9781906924287 Year: Pages: 295 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0010 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Gender Studies --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 03:32:42
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First published in Germany in 1929, The End and the Beginning is a lively memoir of a vanished world and of a rebellious young woman’s struggle to achieve independence.Born in 1883 into a distinguished and wealthy aristocratic family of the old Austro-Hungarian Empire, Hermynia Zur Mühlen spent much of her childhood traveling in Europe and North Africa with her diplomat father. After five years on her German husband’s estate in czarist Russia she broke with both her family and her husband and set out on a precarious career as a professional writer committed to socialism. As well as translating many leading contemporary authors, notably Upton Sinclair, into German, she herself published an impressive number of politically engaged novels, detective stories, short stories, and children’s fairy tales. Because of her outspoken opposition to National Socialism, she had to flee her native Austria in 1938 and seek refuge in England, where she died, virtually penniless, in 1951.This revised and corrected translation of Zur Mühlen’s memoir—with extensive notes and an essay on the author by Lionel Gossman—will appeal especially to readers interested in women’s history, World War I, and the culture and politics of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.Seven free online supplements are also provided, containing additional original material including a selection of newly translated stories by Zur Mühlen, biographical essays by Gossman and a portfolio of images.

The End and the Beginning

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ISBN: 9781906924294 Year: Pages: 295 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0010 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-04 11:01:51
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First published in Germany in 1929, The End and the Beginning is a lively memoir of a vanished world and of a rebellious young woman’s struggle to achieve independence. Born in 1883 into a distinguished and wealthy aristocratic family of the old Austro-Hungarian Empire, Hermynia Zur Mühlen spent much of her childhood traveling in Europe and North Africa with her diplomat father. After five years on her German husband’s estate in czarist Russia she broke with both her family and her husband and set out on a precarious career as a professional writer committed to socialism. As well as translating many leading contemporary authors, notably Upton Sinclair, into German, she herself published an impressive number of politically engaged novels, detective stories, short stories, and children’s fairy tales. Because of her outspoken opposition to National Socialism, she had to flee her native Austria in 1938 and seek refuge in England, where she died, virtually penniless, in 1951. This revised and corrected translation of Zur Mühlen’s memoir—with extensive notes and an essay on the author by Lionel Gossman—will appeal especially to readers interested in women’s history, World War I, and the culture and politics of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Seven free online supplements are also provided, containing additional original material including a selection of newly translated stories by Zur Mühlen, biographical essays by Gossman and a portfolio of images. The Federal Ministry of Education, Art, and Culture, Department of Literature (/BMUKK-Kultur; Literaturabteilung/), Vienna, Austria, has generously contributed towards the publication of this volume.

Graz 1914

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Book Series: Böhlaus Zeitgeschichtliche Bibliothek ISBN: 9783205208549 Year: DOI: 978-3-205-20854-9 ^ Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103506
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-24 11:01:01
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Bernhard Thonhofer researched street life in Graz at the beginning of World War I 1914 and how the Burgfrieden was shaped subsequently. By that a transformation process from a fragmented militarized society in times of peace to a society in times of war is portrayed, with its asynchrony and discrepancy, but also in its outlines. This "unity" on the streets was full of breaches and contradictions from the start. The people of Graz transformed not into a monolithic "war society" free of political, national, confessional or gender-specific conflicts. In fact the 4 years of "Volkskrieg" damaged coexistence in Graz.

The Red Countess

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ISBN: 9781783745562 Year: Pages: 452 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0140 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:13
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Born into a distinguished aristocratic family of the old Habsburg Empire, Hermynia Zur Mühlen spent much of her childhood and early youth travelling in Europe and North Africa with her diplomat father. Never comfortable with the traditional roles women were expected to play, she broke as a young adult both with her family and, after five years on his estate in the old Czarist Russia, with her German Junker husband, and set out as an independent, free-thinking individual, earning a precarious living as a writer. She translated over 70 books from English, French and Russian into German, notably the novels of Upton Sinclair, which she turned into best-sellers in Germany; produced a series of detective novels under a pseudonym; wrote seven engaging and thought-provoking novels of her own, six of which were translated into English; contributed countless insightful short stories and articles to newspapers and magazines; and, having become a committed socialist, achieved international renown in the 1920s with her Fairy Tales for Workers’ Children, which were widely translated including into Chinese and Japanese. Because of her fervent and outspoken opposition to National Socialism, she and her life-long Jewish partner, Stefan Klein, had to flee first Germany, where they had settled, and then, in 1938, her native Austria. They found refuge in England, where Zur Mühlen died, forgotten and virtually penniless, in 1951. This new, expanded edition contains: Zur Mühlen’s autobiographical memoir, The End and the Beginning; The editor’s detailed notes on the persons and events mentioned in the autobiography; A selection of Zur Mühlen’s short stories and two fairy tales; A synopsis of Zur Mühlen’s untranslated novel Our Daughters the Nazi Girls; An essay by the Editor on Zur Mühlen’s life and work; A bibliography of Zur Mühlen’s novels in English translation; A portfolio of selected illustrations of her work by George Grosz and Heinrich Vogeler; A free online supplement with additional original material&#xD;

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