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The Pogroms in Ukraine, 1918-19: Prelude to the Holocaust

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ISBN: 9781783747443/9781783747467 Year: Pages: 120 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0176 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-25 18:13:45
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"Between 1918 and 1921 an estimated 100,000 Jewish people were killed, maimed or tortured in pogroms in Ukraine. Hundreds of Jewish communities were burned to the ground and hundreds of thousands of people were left homeless and destitute, including orphaned children. A number of groups were responsible for these brutal attacks, including the Volunteer Army, a faction of the Russian White Army.The Pogroms in Ukraine, 1918-19: Prelude to the Holocaust is a vivid and horrifying account of the atrocities committed by the Volunteer Army, written by Nokhem Schtif, an eminent Yiddish linguist and social activist who joined the relief efforts on behalf of the pogrom survivors in Kiev. Schtif’s testimony, published in 1923, was born from his encounters there and from the weighty archive of documentation amassed by the relief workers. This was one of the earliest efforts to systematically record human rights atrocities on a mass scale.Originally written in Yiddish and here skillfully translated and introduced by Maurice Wolfthal, The Pogroms in Ukraine, 1918-19 brings to light a terrible and historically neglected series of persecutions that foreshadowed the Holocaust by twenty years. It is essential reading for academics and students in the fields of human rights, Jewish studies, Russian and Soviet studies, and Ukraine studies."

Trauerspiele mit Gesang und Tanz

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ISBN: 9783205774662 Year: Pages: 382 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437172 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3735
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:10
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From 1890 until 1938 in Vienna, Jewish theatre was a lively and fascinating part of the theatrical scene. Yiddish operettas and melodramas, serious plays and so-called Jargonschwänke were staged. The widespread texts of these Jewish theatre-evenings, in Yiddish and German, are discussed and analysed in this work.After an introduction, the aesthetical and dramaturgical basics of Jewish drama are presented. As the study shows, Jewish drama has got a very strong connection to non-Jewish theatre. Especially the dramaturgic forms can be found in non-Jewish drama before it emerges in Jewish texts, like the so-called lebnsbild. In the 19th century, it was popular on the Viennese stages, around 1900 it was a main genre of New York City's Yiddish theatres. Jargon and shund are terms often used to describe Yiddish plays and theatre - these terms are discussed in the present work as well as the cliché of Jewish self-mockery and self-hatred.The most prominent themes Jewish plays are dealing with are: love, marriage and family; anti-Semitism; stories and heroes from ancient Jewish history; myths and legends. The broad spectrum of plays about family and social life shows its importance in Jewish history and presence. The different political and historical situations of Jews in Western and Eastern Europe become evident in text concerning anti-Semitism. In Yiddish operettas and melodramas heroes from ancient Jewish history and the bible are shown, and in the 1920s plays about Dibbuks and Golems were most popular.A bibliography of Jewish dramas, complete with existing translations, builds the last part of this work.

Sprachliche Imitation - Jiddisch in der deutschsprachigen Literatur (18.–20. Jahrhundert)

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Book Series: Language Variation ISBN: 9783946234791 9783946234807 9783946234784 Year: Pages: 413 + xvii DOI: 10.17169/langsci.b116.259 Language: German
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-20 11:01:21
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This book contains a study on fictional, imitated language. In detailed analyses it shows how Jewish figures were characterized through their language in German fiction (18th until early 20th century). It discloses which structures of this fictional language originate from the Yiddish language and which are reflexes of (the author's) orality. At the same time the study contains a comprehensive description of Western Yiddish and its grammatical structures, which are compared with German and Eastern Yiddish varieties.

Shimon An-Ski. Der Khurbn in Polen, Galizien und der Bukowina

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ISBN: 9783205207375 Year: Pages: 1 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 614
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:02

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Map: Shimon An-Ski. Der Khurbn in Polen, Galizien und der Bukowina: http://e-book.fwf.ac.at/o:1286.The Russian Jewish ethnographer and writer Shimon An-Ski travelled during World War I the war torn Austrian-Hungarian regions of Galicia, Bucovina, and Poland. He depicted in his Yiddish diary, which is now completely available in German, his impressions from this seminal catastrophe of the 20th century including reports from eyewitnesses. In this key text, he documented the devastation of the war and the destruction of the Jewish life worlds in those regions, which belong today to Poland and Ukraine, as well as the charity efforts of the Russian Jews to help their Austrian brethren, and accentuated aspects of testimony and international law.

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