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The Governance of Educational Welfare Markets: A Comparative Analysis of the European Social Fund in Five Countries

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ISBN: 9783034318990 Year: Pages: 248 Language: English
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Education --- Social Sciences --- Political Science
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This book is a first exploratory inquiry into possible educational selectivity effects of the European Social Fund (ESF). It assesses the extent of the gap between the social policy objectives set through regulatory competences in multi-level governance and the structure of incentives it breeds in practice, with a broad range of implications for the capacity of the government to control for an equitable distribution of services at the community level. The chapters emphasize the educational selectivity involved in national policy decisions concerning ESF implementation in the five countries, the role of informal mechanisms in fine-tuning implementation, the negative effects of formalization and failures in accommodating the complexity of goals which characterizes the ESF, as well as the overall fairness of ESF implementation towards the most disadvantaged groups in society. The empirical analysis suggests that social-service delivery contracting as an instrument of governance is no longer regulating against risks for beneficiaries, but fuels increased social division in access to public services.

Commercialised History: Popular History Magazines in Europe

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ISBN: 9783631657799 Year: Pages: 378 Language: English
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers
Subject: Education --- Information theory --- History
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This volume of essays is the result of the EU project «EHISTO», which dealt with the mediation of history in popular history magazines and explored how history in the commercialised mass media can be used in history teaching in order to develop the media literacy and the transcultural competences of young people. The volume offers articles which for the first time address the phenomenon of popular history magazines in Europe and their mediating strategies in a foundational way. The articles are intended as introductory material for teachers and student teachers. The topic also offers an innovative approach in terms of making possible a European cross-country comparison, in which results based on qualitative and quantitative methods are presented, related to the content focus areas profiled in the national magazines.

Le rapport au français de futurs enseignants du primaire de la PHBern dans leurs récits de formation et de mobilité.

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Book Series: Transversales ISSN: 14245868 ISBN: 9783034320344 Year: Pages: 604 Language: French
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163506
Subject: Education
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Jésabel Robin has been a lecturer in French for future primary-school teachers at the German-speaking Pädagogische Hochschule Bern (PH IVP) since 2007. She felt that most of her students were reluctant to their professional training in French, yet it is one of the subjects they are training to teach. Her research in language and culture pedagogy adopts social anthropological approaches with a view to study the attitude of the PH IVP students towards French. From mobility mapping to comprehensive interviews in self confrontation, she analyses diverse self-narratives and reveals a wide range of individual and collective representations of and about French. She also focuses on the pivotal effect of institutional experiences such as practical training in teaching French and mobility. These constraints trigger tensions between institutional thinking and individual experiences regarding French but also reveal gaps (so-called « interstices institutionnels ») within the institution itself. The author eventually suggests redesigning a few curricular aspects.

À travers ses expériences d’enseignante de français à la Haute École Pédagogique de Berne (PHBern), l’auteure constate que de nombreux étudiants, futurs enseignants du primaire, présentent des résistances à l’encontre de cette langue qu’ils vont pourtant devoir enseigner. S’inscrivant dans le champ de la didactique des langues et des cultures et adoptant une approche socio-anthropologique, la chercheuse s’intéresse aux raisons de ce rapport au français des étudiants en formation initiale. Grâce à l’analyse qualitative de leurs récits d’expériences, elle parvient à identifier un éventail de représentations du français et à en repérer les lieux-pivots. En outre, son analyse des stratégies individuelles et collectives élaborées par ces futurs enseignants pour tenter de gérer les tensions liées au caractère contraint de l’enseignement/apprentissage de la langue donne finalement à voir les « interstices institutionnels » qui permettent aux divers acteurs de l’institution de s’accommoder ou de contourner la situation. Les résultats de sa recherche l’incitent à souligner la nécessité de penser, voire de repenser, les articulations institutionnelles et à proposer des pistes didactiques.

Tony Conrad. Video - und darüber hinaus

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ISBN: 9783034320375 Year: Pages: 446 Language: German
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163545
Subject: Arts in general
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Tony Conrad (b. 1940) has been a well-known American artist for more than 50 years. Celebrated as a musician, filmmaker, video and performance artist, he achieved his breakthrough in 1966 with the experimental film The Flicker. In addition to his film work (including the so called Yellow Movies), his violin performances have also achieved broad recognition. This monograph focuses on about 70 video works produced by the artist since 1977, which previously have not been systematically studied. Beginning from Conrad’s earlier rather materialistic approach, in A videographic view of the artist’s vita the text follows the artists shift from experimental film to a more image-driven videographic approach. The chapter Last call for video comments on Tony Conrad influential interaction with the Buffalo-based group of appropriation artists. Then Video as critique of television interrogates the interplay between (video) art and society as a reflection of the telematic culture of the 1980s. The last chapter, Video in tension with music, returns to the beginning of the artist’s career and comments on Tony Conrad’s identity as a musician.

Die Monografie untersucht das Video-Œuvre des Künstlers Tony Conrad und kontextualisiert es im historischen Umfeld der 1980er Jahre. Die Videoarbeiten und Referenzmaterialien werden kunsthistorisch analysiert, strukturiert und als Quelle gesichert. Die Gegenüberstellung mit Werken anderer Künstler ermöglicht eine Verortung im diskursiven Feld.

Construire les Carpates: L’Institutionnalisation d’une Éco-Region

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ISBN: 9783034320368 Year: Pages: 395 Language: French
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163509
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geography --- Sociology
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This book promotes a new understanding of the regional monograph. It investigates its research topic – the Carpathian Mountains – through the prism of institutions and organizations that have objectified it and have interacted in its governance over the past ten years. As such, the Carpathian Mountains never constitute an object per se in this book, but are rather understood as a region continuously objectified by discourses, inscriptions and practices. Four months of ethnographic field work under the direction of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) at the interim secretariat of the Carpathian Convention have unveiled environmental institutions that remain largely unknown to both the general public and to researchers.

La signature le 22 mai 2003 à Kiev de la Convention cadre pour la protection et le développement durable des Carpates constitue l’acte fondateur de la construction d’un nouvel espace transnational visant la mise en application de politiques environnementales coordonnées à l’échelle du massif de montagne. Cet ouvrage réinvente l’exercice de la monographie régionale en appréhendant cette région des Carpates au prisme des institutions et des organisations qui l’ont objectivée et qui interagissent dans sa gouvernance depuis une dizaine d’années. Dans cette perspective, les Carpates ne figurent jamais dans cette étude comme un objet en soi, mais comme une région objectivée par des discours, des inscriptions et des pratiques d’acteurs. Grâce à une enquête ethnographique menée au secrétariat de la Convention des Carpates administré ad intérim par le Programme des Nations-Unies pour l’Environnement, cette étude ouvre la boîte noire d’institutions environnementales qui restent largement méconnues du grand public et des chercheurs eux-mêmes. Elle retrace les étapes par lesquelles la région des Carpates prend forme, souvent de manière contestée, et se trouve progressivement institutionnalisée.

Le Nigeria et la Suisse, des affaires d’indépendance

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ISBN: 9783034320382 Year: Pages: 421 Language: French
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163513
Subject: History --- Migration
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During Nigeria’s decolonization, Swiss traders and diplomats, aware of the exceptional potential for growth, attentively observed this new market for possible business opportunities. This book focuses on multinational companies, diplomats, development cooperation actors and public opinion: it analyses underlying motivations and means, as well as the implications of their activities.

Analyser les rapports économiques et diplomatiques entre le Nigeria et la Suisse revient à se pencher sur des mécanismes peu connus de la globalisation: ceux d’une relation Nord-Sud entre deux puissances moyennes et non coloniales. Pays le plus peuplé d’Afrique, le Nigeria semblait en passe de devenir, à l’aube de son indépendance, une puissance économique continentale. La Suisse, comme d’autres pays, espérait profiter de ce vaste marché promis à une expansion rapide. Entreprises multinationales, diplomates et coopérants au développement sont au centre de cet ouvrage, qui s’interroge sur les motivations, les moyens mis en œuvre et les impacts des activités de chacun. S’y ajoutent des citoyens suisses de tous âges et de tous milieux qui, bouleversés par les images télévisées d’enfants squelettiques durant la « Guerre du Biafra » en 1968, entreprirent des collectes de fonds et firent pression sur leur gouvernement pour qu’il intervienne. Ce livre donne une profondeur éclairante aux relations Suisse – Nigeria, récemment médiatisées sur leurs aspects migratoires, ou sur les pratiques opaques de négociants en pétrole établis en Suisse.

Acoustics of the Vowel - Preliminaries

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ISBN: 9783034320313 Year: Pages: 296 Language: English
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163510
Subject: Linguistics
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It seems as if the fundamentals of how we produce vowels and how they are acoustically represented have been clarified: we phonate and articulate. Using our vocal chords, we produce a vocal sound or noise which is then shaped into a specific vowel sound by the resonances of the pharyngeal, oral, and nasal cavities, that is, the vocal tract. Accordingly, the acoustic description of vowels relates to vowel-specific patterns of relative energy maxima in the sound spectra, known as patterns of formants. The intellectual and empirical reasoning presented in this treatise, however, gives rise to scepticism with respect to this understanding of the sound of the vowel. The reflections and materials presented provide reason to argue that, up to now, a comprehensible theory of the acoustics of the voice and of voiced speech sounds is lacking, and consequently, no satisfying understanding of vowels as an achievement and particular formal accomplishment of the voice exists. Thus, the question of the acoustics of the vowel—and with it the question of the acoustics of the voice itself—proves to be an unresolved fundamental problem.

Keywords

Phonetics --- Phonology --- Acoustics --- Vowel --- Language

Die Protokollbücher des Ordens vom Goldenen Vlies - Teil 4: Der Übergang an das Haus Habsburg (1477 bis 1480)

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Book Series: Kieler Werkstücke Reihe D: Beiträge zur europäischen Geschichte des späten Mittelalters ISSN: 09364161 ISBN: 9783631666784 Year: Pages: 350 Language: German
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers
Subject: History
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The record books of the Order of Golden Fleece are the main source for the history of this important order of knighthood, which has been existing from the 15th century up to the present time. The here presented 4th record book covers the activities of the Order between 1477 and 1480 with the magnificent assembly in Bruges in spring 1478 as its climax: The Habsburgs Maximilian I as new Duke of Burgundy was installed as the new sovereign of the Order, symbolizing the beginning of a new era in the crisis-shaken Duchy of Burgundy. The volume contains the edition of the complete text (in 15th century French) with detailed commentary (in German) and a calendar of short abstracts of the letters issued by the Order or addressed to it. The edition of the record book with their exact details concerning the location of the meetings, participants, agenda, resolutions, elections and ceremonies present a hitherto unstudied source of the history of Order. The book also offers an interesting view of the critical period within the history of the Duchy Burgundy, in that because it also deals with questions of identity, social control as well as of loyalty and felony.

Das 4. Protokollbuch des Ordens vom Goldenen Vlies berichtet in französischer Sprache über die Aktivitäten des Ordens zwischen 1477 und 1480. Höhepunkt dabei ist das prachtvolle Fest in Brügge im Frühjahr 1478: Hier wurde der neue Herzog von Burgund, der Habsburger Maximilian I., zum neuen Souverän eingesetzt, womit der Beginn einer neuen Ära im krisengeschüttelten Burgund symbolisiert werden sollte. Mit den präzisen Angaben über Ort der Versammlungen, Teilnehmer, Tagesordnungspunkte, Beschlüsse, Neuwahlen und Zeremonien bietet die Edition der Protokolle nicht nur eine bisher unbeachtete Quelle zur Ordensgeschichte, sondern eröffnet auch einen interessanten Blick auf die kritische Zeit Burgunds, denn sie berichten auch von Identität, Sozialkontrolle sowie von Treue und Verrat.

Conversational Writing - A Multidimensional Study of Synchronous and Supersynchronous Computer-Mediated Communication

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Book Series: English Corpus Linguistics ISSN: 1610868X ISBN: 9783631671535 Year: Pages: 353 Language: English
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers
Subject: Linguistics --- Information theory
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The author analyses computer chat as a form of communication. While some forms of computer-mediated communication (CMC) deviate only marginally from traditional writing, computer chat is popularly considered to be written conversation and the most “oral” form of written CMC. This book systematically explores the varying degrees of conversationality (“orality”) in CMC, focusing in particular on a corpus of computer chat (synchronous and supersynchronous CMC) compiled by the author. The book employs Douglas Biber’s multidimensional methodology and situates the chats relative to a range of spoken and written genres on his dimensions of linguistic variation. The study fills a gap both in CMC linguistics as regards a systematic variationist approach to computer chat genres, and in variationist linguistics as regards a description of conversational writing.

Mégare et les établissements mégariens de Sicile, de la Propontide et du Pont-Euxin. Histoire et institutions

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ISBN: 9783034304610 Year: Language: French
Publisher: PETER LANG LTD International Academic Publishers Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170324
Subject: Archaeology --- History --- Languages and Literatures
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This book aims to offer a new interpretation of the settlement movement initiated by the city of Megara in archaic times. It shows the role of conflict between the aristocratic families for the departure of the Megarians and reveals the role of the heritage of the metropolis in the creation of institutions of colonial cities.

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