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Architecture and Fire

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ISBN: 9781787353701 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787353701 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Construction --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:05
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Architecture and Fire develops a conceptual reassessment of architectural conservation through the study of the intimate relationship between architecture and fire. Stamatis Zografos expands on the general agreement among many theorists that the primitive hut was erected around fire – locating fire as the first memory of architecture, at the very beginning of architectural evolution. Following the introduction, Zografos analyses the archive and the renewed interest in the study of archives through the psychoanalysis of Jacques Derrida. He moves on to explore the ambivalent nature of fire, employing the conflicting philosophies of Gaston Bachelard and Henri Bergson to do so, before discussing architectural conservation and the relationship between listed buildings, the function of archives, and the preservation of memories from the past. The following chapter investigates how architecture evolves by absorbing and accommodating fire, while the penultimate chapter examines the critical moment of architectural evolution: the destruction of buildings by fire, with a focus on the tragic disaster at London’s Grenfell Tower in 2017. Zografos concludes with thoughts on Freud’s drive theory. He argues the practice of architectural conservation is an expression of the life drive and a simultaneous repression of the death drive, which suggests controlled destruction should be an integral part of the conservation agenda.

Keywords

architecture --- fire --- psychoanalysis --- Freud

Building Thermal Envelope

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039285181 9783039285198 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-519-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Construction --- General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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This book results from a Special Issue published in Energies, entitled “Building Thermal Envelope"". Its intent is to identify emerging research areas within the field of building thermal envelope solutions and contribute to the increased use of more energy-efficient solutions in new and refurbished buildings. Its contents are organized in the following sections: Building envelope materials and systems envisaging indoor comfort and energy efficiency; Building thermal and energy modelling and simulation; Lab test procedures and methods of field measurement to assess the performance of materials and building solutions; Smart materials and renewable energy in building envelope; Adaptive and intelligent building envelope; and Integrated building envelope technologies for high performance buildings and cities.

Keywords

hybrid heat collecting facade (HHCF) --- passive solar building --- heat transfer model --- thermal performance --- heat transfer --- energy --- thermosyphon --- natural circulation loop --- thermal resistance --- thermal transmittance --- heat flow meter method --- average method --- convergence characteristics --- opaque exterior wall --- hot box --- thermal models --- measuring and control system --- digital temperature probes --- data post-processing --- roof window --- thermal performance --- passive building --- building component development --- natural ventilation --- air environment --- school restroom --- awning window --- CFD --- thermal anisotropy --- building envelope --- thermal management --- energy efficiency --- peak load reduction --- window thermal performance --- U-value --- window type --- simulation performance test --- actual physical performance test --- heat transfer --- energy --- thermosyphon --- natural circulation loop --- expanded polystyrene (EPS) --- gray polystyrene --- artificial sun --- thermographic measurement --- temperature distribution --- cork --- energy retrofitting --- life cycle assessment --- life cycle costs --- thermal insulating rendering mortar --- Building Information Modeling --- cloud-based --- envelope thermal performance --- green buildings --- Green Mark --- Integrated Digital Delivery (IDD) --- traditional Diyarbak?r houses --- courtyard --- settlement --- Designbuilder simulation --- energy performance --- n/a

Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation—ZEMCH 2016

Authors:
ISBN: 9783038429654 9783038429661 Year: Pages: VIII, 110 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Construction
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-22 10:56:00
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This book explores the current issues around sustainable design and energy efficiency within the construction industry in both developed and developing countries. Sustainable housing; thermal comfort; daylighting; low-income housing; green roofs; energy efficient retrofitting and photovoltaic façades are some of the subjects discussed in the book.

La evolución histórica del espacio físico de la Universidad: Impulsos conceptuales, paradigmas arquitectónicos, estrategias institucionales y propuestas recientes de innovación

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Book Series: Historia de las Universidades ISSN: 18860710 ISBN: 9788499827766 Year: Volume: 25 Pages: 236 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: Construction
Added to DOAB on : 2014-06-27 10:32:45
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La Universidad siempre ha acompañado a la sociedad en su devenir social y cultural. Desde la génesis medieval de las Instituciones de Educación Superior, dicha evolución se ha asociado siempre a un formato urbanístico-arquitectónico adecuado, inspirado en muchas ocasiones por visiones propias de la “utopía en acción”. En tiempos recientes, la Universidad ha experimentado valiosos impulsos hacia la innovación y la excelencia, que han servido como soporte de muy interesantes proyectos, especialmente en España. Una de las herramientas conceptuales empleadas para acometer transformaciones hacia la excelencia de los conjuntos universitarios ha sido el “Campus Didáctico”, bajo cuya filosofía de planificación y actuación han cristalizado múltiples diseños de campus y de relaciones Universidad-Ciudad a lo largo del territorio universitario nacional.

Fonthill Recovered

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Book Series: Comparative Literature and Culture ISBN: 9781787350458 Year: Pages: 428 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787350458 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: History of arts --- Construction --- Social Sciences --- History --- Architecture --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-14 11:01:52
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Fonthill, in Wiltshire, is traditionally associated with the writer and collector William Beckford who built his Gothic fantasy house called Fonthill Abbey at the end of the eighteenth century. The collapse of the Abbey’s tower in 1825 transformed the name Fonthill into a symbol for overarching ambition and folly, a sublime ruin. Fonthill is, however, much more than the story of one man’s excesses. Beckford’s Abbey is only one of several important houses to be built on the estate since the early sixteenth century, all of them eventually consumed by fire or deliberately demolished, and all of them oddly forgotten by historians. Little now remains: a tower, a stable block, a kitchen range, some dressed stone, an indentation in a field. Fonthill Recovered draws on histories of art and architecture, politics and economics to explore the rich cultural history of this famous Wiltshire estate. The first half of the book traces the occupation of Fonthill from the Bronze Age to the twenty-first century. Some of the owners surpassed Beckford in terms of their wealth, their collections, their political power and even, in one case, their sexual misdemeanours. They include Charles I’s Chancellor of the Exchequer, and the richest commoner in the nineteenth century. The second half of the book consists of essays on specific topics, filling out such crucial areas as the complex history of the designed landscape, the sources of the Beckfords’ wealth and their collections, and one essay that features the most recent appearance of the Abbey in a video game.

Free Form Technology from Delft

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Research in Architectural Engineering Series ISSN: 18736033 18798225 ISBN: 9781614995531 9781614995548 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-554-8-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Construction --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-04 10:55:59
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The success of the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, designed and engineered by Frank O. Gehry and inaugurated in 1997, opened the eyes of the world to the plastic possibilities of Free Form Design. That is, on the side of architects and their admiring clients. Some architects draw up complicated but surprising and attractive Free Form Designs and win design competitions. The next step is to involve the manufacturing industry and the contractors in realizing these dreams. According to the author(s), the desire and logic for an adapted Free Form Technology will become became apparent after more designs. At Mick Eekhout’s design & build company Octatube the first experiences with Free Form Designs either failed, were aborted, were a disaster or led to unfortunate events such as the bankruptcy of competing firms who took on the projects without major Free Form Design experience. But Free Form design has matured nowadays. Many lessons can be learned from these early experiments, which is the main reason to share these experiences with readers of this book.

Gieten en Kneden - Primaire Technieken voor het Vormgeven van Bouwelementen

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ISBN: 9789051995404 9789051995411 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.3233/978-90-5199-541-1-i Language: Dutch
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Construction --- Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-04 11:51:51
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Dit boek is het werk van Jan van der Woord, die een speciale belangstelling had voor gieten en kneden in de jaren dat hij universitair hoofddocent was bij de leerstoel Productontwikkeling aan de Faculteit Bouwkunde TU Delft. Hij heeft dit boek als nalatenschap geschreven voor studenten die min of meer complexe bouwconstructies en hoofddraagconstructies willen ontwerpen, over het algemeen bouwtechnologiestudenten. Ook aan architectuurstudenten biedt het boek inzicht in de mogelijkheden vanuit de productie. Bij het ontwerpen van nieuwe bouwkundige constructies en hoofddraagconstructies in high tech materialen is de kennis van productietechnieken die daartoe voorhanden zijn en die een bewezen gebruik hebben, van groot belang. Jan van der Woord heeft een collectie gemaakt van productietechnieken die voor de bouwtechnologie bruikbaar zijn. Het gieten van metalen, zoals dat reeds duizenden jaren gebeurt, heeft ook voor de bouw inmiddels een mooie industriële vorm gekregen.

High Performance Concrete Technology and Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535126508 9789535126515 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.5772/61562 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Construction
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Concrete is widely used because of its versatility, affordability, and availability of raw materials, strength, and durability. Urban development that took place through the world in the last few decades yielded significant developments for concrete technology. The term high-performance concrete (HPC) is relatively new, and it refers to many properties such as strength, durability, sound and heat insulation, waterproofing, and side advantages such as air purification, self-cleaning, etc. Researchers and engineers are constantly working for improving concrete properties. This book provides the state of the art on recent progress in the high-performance concrete applications written by researchers and experts of the field. The book should be useful to graduate students, researchers, and practicing engineers in related fields.

Human Factors in Green Building

Authors:
ISBN: 9783038975663 9783038975670 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-567-0
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Construction --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 09:42:11
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World Green Building Council suggests that health, well-being and productivity should be the next chapter for green building. There is an obvious shift of green building movement from technology-centric towards human-centric, which culminates in recent WELL Building Standard, focusing exclusively on human health and wellness. This special issue aims to push forward the research, discourse and practice of green building towards more human-oriented design solutions. Particularly, this special issue collects papers on: Post-occupancy evaluation of green buildings Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) Thermal Comfort and Adaptive Behaviors Quality of Life and Housing Healthcare Design

Masonry Buildings: Research and Practice

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039213733 9783039213740 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-374-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Construction
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Masonry is a construction material that has been used throughout the years as a structural or non-structural component in buildings. Masonry can be described as a composite material made up of different units and diverse types of arrangements, with or without mortar, that is used in many ancient public buildings, as well as with the latest technologies being applied in construction. Research in multiple relevant fields, as well as crossing structural with non-structural needs, is crucial for understanding the qualities of existent buildings and to develop new products and construction technologies. This book addresses and promotes the discussion related to the different topics addressing the use of masonry in the construction sciences and in practice, including theory and research, numerical approaches and technical applications in new works, and repair actions and interventions in the built environment, connecting theory and application across topics from academia to industry.

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