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Architecture and Fire

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ISBN: 9781787353701 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787353701 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Construction --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:05
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Architecture and Fire develops a conceptual reassessment of architectural conservation through the study of the intimate relationship between architecture and fire. Stamatis Zografos expands on the general agreement among many theorists that the primitive hut was erected around fire – locating fire as the first memory of architecture, at the very beginning of architectural evolution. Following the introduction, Zografos analyses the archive and the renewed interest in the study of archives through the psychoanalysis of Jacques Derrida. He moves on to explore the ambivalent nature of fire, employing the conflicting philosophies of Gaston Bachelard and Henri Bergson to do so, before discussing architectural conservation and the relationship between listed buildings, the function of archives, and the preservation of memories from the past. The following chapter investigates how architecture evolves by absorbing and accommodating fire, while the penultimate chapter examines the critical moment of architectural evolution: the destruction of buildings by fire, with a focus on the tragic disaster at London’s Grenfell Tower in 2017. Zografos concludes with thoughts on Freud’s drive theory. He argues the practice of architectural conservation is an expression of the life drive and a simultaneous repression of the death drive, which suggests controlled destruction should be an integral part of the conservation agenda.

Keywords

architecture --- fire --- psychoanalysis --- Freud

Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation—ZEMCH 2016

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ISBN: 9783038429654 9783038429661 Year: Pages: VIII, 110 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Construction
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-22 10:56:00
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This book explores the current issues around sustainable design and energy efficiency within the construction industry in both developed and developing countries. Sustainable housing; thermal comfort; daylighting; low-income housing; green roofs; energy efficient retrofitting and photovoltaic façades are some of the subjects discussed in the book.

La evolución histórica del espacio físico de la Universidad: Impulsos conceptuales, paradigmas arquitectónicos, estrategias institucionales y propuestas recientes de innovación

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Book Series: Historia de las Universidades ISSN: 18860710 ISBN: 9788499827766 Year: Volume: 25 Pages: 236 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: Construction
Added to DOAB on : 2014-06-27 10:32:45
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La Universidad siempre ha acompañado a la sociedad en su devenir social y cultural. Desde la génesis medieval de las Instituciones de Educación Superior, dicha evolución se ha asociado siempre a un formato urbanístico-arquitectónico adecuado, inspirado en muchas ocasiones por visiones propias de la “utopía en acción”. En tiempos recientes, la Universidad ha experimentado valiosos impulsos hacia la innovación y la excelencia, que han servido como soporte de muy interesantes proyectos, especialmente en España. Una de las herramientas conceptuales empleadas para acometer transformaciones hacia la excelencia de los conjuntos universitarios ha sido el “Campus Didáctico”, bajo cuya filosofía de planificación y actuación han cristalizado múltiples diseños de campus y de relaciones Universidad-Ciudad a lo largo del territorio universitario nacional.

Fonthill Recovered

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Book Series: Comparative Literature and Culture ISBN: 9781787350458 Year: Pages: 428 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787350458 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Construction --- Social Sciences --- History --- Architecture --- History of arts --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-14 11:01:52
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Fonthill, in Wiltshire, is traditionally associated with the writer and collector William Beckford who built his Gothic fantasy house called Fonthill Abbey at the end of the eighteenth century. The collapse of the Abbey’s tower in 1825 transformed the name Fonthill into a symbol for overarching ambition and folly, a sublime ruin. Fonthill is, however, much more than the story of one man’s excesses. Beckford’s Abbey is only one of several important houses to be built on the estate since the early sixteenth century, all of them eventually consumed by fire or deliberately demolished, and all of them oddly forgotten by historians. Little now remains: a tower, a stable block, a kitchen range, some dressed stone, an indentation in a field. Fonthill Recovered draws on histories of art and architecture, politics and economics to explore the rich cultural history of this famous Wiltshire estate. The first half of the book traces the occupation of Fonthill from the Bronze Age to the twenty-first century. Some of the owners surpassed Beckford in terms of their wealth, their collections, their political power and even, in one case, their sexual misdemeanours. They include Charles I’s Chancellor of the Exchequer, and the richest commoner in the nineteenth century. The second half of the book consists of essays on specific topics, filling out such crucial areas as the complex history of the designed landscape, the sources of the Beckfords’ wealth and their collections, and one essay that features the most recent appearance of the Abbey in a video game.

Free Form Technology from Delft

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Research in Architectural Engineering Series ISSN: 18736033 18798225 ISBN: 9781614995531 9781614995548 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-554-8-i Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Construction --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-04 10:55:59
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The success of the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, designed and engineered by Frank O. Gehry and inaugurated in 1997, opened the eyes of the world to the plastic possibilities of Free Form Design. That is, on the side of architects and their admiring clients. Some architects draw up complicated but surprising and attractive Free Form Designs and win design competitions. The next step is to involve the manufacturing industry and the contractors in realizing these dreams. According to the author(s), the desire and logic for an adapted Free Form Technology will become became apparent after more designs. At Mick Eekhout’s design & build company Octatube the first experiences with Free Form Designs either failed, were aborted, were a disaster or led to unfortunate events such as the bankruptcy of competing firms who took on the projects without major Free Form Design experience. But Free Form design has matured nowadays. Many lessons can be learned from these early experiments, which is the main reason to share these experiences with readers of this book.

Gieten en Kneden - Primaire Technieken voor het Vormgeven van Bouwelementen

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ISBN: 9789051995404 9789051995411 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.3233/978-90-5199-541-1-i Language: Dutch
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Construction --- Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-04 11:51:51
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Dit boek is het werk van Jan van der Woord, die een speciale belangstelling had voor gieten en kneden in de jaren dat hij universitair hoofddocent was bij de leerstoel Productontwikkeling aan de Faculteit Bouwkunde TU Delft. Hij heeft dit boek als nalatenschap geschreven voor studenten die min of meer complexe bouwconstructies en hoofddraagconstructies willen ontwerpen, over het algemeen bouwtechnologiestudenten. Ook aan architectuurstudenten biedt het boek inzicht in de mogelijkheden vanuit de productie. Bij het ontwerpen van nieuwe bouwkundige constructies en hoofddraagconstructies in high tech materialen is de kennis van productietechnieken die daartoe voorhanden zijn en die een bewezen gebruik hebben, van groot belang. Jan van der Woord heeft een collectie gemaakt van productietechnieken die voor de bouwtechnologie bruikbaar zijn. Het gieten van metalen, zoals dat reeds duizenden jaren gebeurt, heeft ook voor de bouw inmiddels een mooie industriële vorm gekregen.

High Performance Concrete Technology and Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535126508 9789535126515 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.5772/61562 Language: English
Publisher: InTechOpen
Subject: Construction
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Concrete is widely used because of its versatility, affordability, and availability of raw materials, strength, and durability. Urban development that took place through the world in the last few decades yielded significant developments for concrete technology. The term high-performance concrete (HPC) is relatively new, and it refers to many properties such as strength, durability, sound and heat insulation, waterproofing, and side advantages such as air purification, self-cleaning, etc. Researchers and engineers are constantly working for improving concrete properties. This book provides the state of the art on recent progress in the high-performance concrete applications written by researchers and experts of the field. The book should be useful to graduate students, researchers, and practicing engineers in related fields.

Human Factors in Green Building

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ISBN: 9783038975663 9783038975670 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-567-0 Language: Green Building;Post-occupancy Evaluation;Indoor Environment Quality Comfort Health and Wellbeing;Productivity;Job Satisfaction;Quality of Life;Use Behaviour; Healthcare Facilities
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Construction --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 09:42:11
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World Green Building Council suggests that health, well-being and productivity should be the next chapter for green building. There is an obvious shift of green building movement from technology-centric towards human-centric, which culminates in recent WELL Building Standard, focusing exclusively on human health and wellness. This special issue aims to push forward the research, discourse and practice of green building towards more human-oriented design solutions. Particularly, this special issue collects papers on: Post-occupancy evaluation of green buildings Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) Thermal Comfort and Adaptive Behaviors Quality of Life and Housing Healthcare Design

Moving to Sustainable Buildings: Paths to adopt green innovations in developed countries

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ISBN: 9788376560113 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560113 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Construction --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2013-11-18 14:10:44
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In his Moving to Sustainable Buildings. Paths to Adopt Green Innovations in Developed Countries, Umberto Berardi explores the transition of the construction sector to sustainable building through the adoption of green innovations. Applying methods ranging from theoretical discussions to interviews and field studies, Berardi describes how organisational models among stakeholders are changing as the sector moves towards a green economy. Berardi’s book should prove valuable to engineers, architects, environment researchers and policy makers alike, as it successfully weaves together different aspects of green building to create a multidimensional matrix through which sustainable architecture can be understood. Umberto Berardi, an assistant professor at the Worcester Polytechnic Institute (MA, USA), teaches courses on sustainable construction, architectural engineering systems and building physics. He was awarded an MSc from the Politecnico di Bari, an MSc from the University of Southampton (UK) and a PhD from the Scuola Interpolitecnica in Italy. His research areas are related to building acoustics, sustainable constructions and energy saving technologies for buildings. Berardi is also a passionate pianist and a strong proponent of interdisciplinary cooperation between the arts and engineering.

Romantic Modernism

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ISBN: 9789089641038 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.5117/9789089641038 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Construction --- History --- Architecture --- History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Is it possible for conservationists to approve of the reconstruction of old façades when virtually everything behind them is modern? Should they continue to protect the front façade, when the rest of the historic building has vanished? Is it socially responsible to spend government money on reconstructing a historic building that has been completely destroyed? Can one do such a thing fifty years on? According to reigning ideas in the world of conservation, the answer to all these questions is 'no'. It is felt that building a stage set is dishonest, and rebuilding something that no longer exists is labelled a lie against history. Where does this predilection for honesty originate? And why do people prefer modern architecture to the reconstruction of what has been lost? Perhaps we are witnessing the legacy of Functionalism here, a movement that denounced the building of pseudo-architecture. Functionalism originated in Romanticism, when architects turned their backs on academic formalism and strove to invent a new, rational form of building. This romantic hunger for honesty was adopted by the conservationists, giving rise to a new respect for the authentic art work and a rejection of historicist restorations. Among conservationists too, distaste arose for the cultivation of a harmonious urban image, because an urban image that is maintained artificially 'old' was seen as a form of fraud.

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