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Advanced Air Pollution

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ISBN: 9789533075112 Year: Pages: 596 DOI: 10.5772/710 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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Leading air quality professionals describe different aspects of air pollution. The book presents information on four broad areas of interest in the air pollution field; the air pollution monitoring; air quality modeling; the GIS techniques to manage air quality; the new approaches to manage air quality. This book fulfills the need on the latest concepts of air pollution science and provides comprehensive information on all relevant components relating to air pollution issues in urban areas and industries. The book is suitable for a variety of scientists who wish to follow application of the theory in practice in air pollution. Known for its broad case studies, the book emphasizes an insightful of the connection between sources and control of air pollution, rather than being a simple manual on the subject.

Advances in Composite Materials - Ecodesign and Analysis

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ISBN: 9789533071503 Year: Pages: 656 DOI: 10.5772/580 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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By adopting the principles of sustainable design and cleaner production, this important book opens a new challenge in the world of composite materials and explores the achieved advancements of specialists in their respective areas of research and innovation. Contributions coming from both spaces of academia and industry were so diversified that the 28 chapters composing the book have been grouped into the following main parts: sustainable materials and ecodesign aspects, composite materials and curing processes, modelling and testing, strength of adhesive joints, characterization and thermal behaviour, all of which provides an invaluable overview of this fascinating subject area. Results achieved from theoretical, numerical and experimental investigations can help designers, manufacturers and suppliers involved with high-tech composite materials to boost competitiveness and innovation productivity.

Advances in Groundwater Flow and Solute Transport: Pushing the Hidden Boundary

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210749 9783039210756 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-075-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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In recent decades, the study of groundwater flow and solute transport has advanced into new territories that are beyond conventional theories, such as Darcy’s law and Fick’s law. The studied media have changed from permeable porous and fractured ones to much less permeable ones, such as clay and shale. The studied pore sizes have also changed from millimetres to micro-meters or even nano-meters. The objective of this Special Issue is to report recent advances in groundwater flow and solute transport that push the knowledge boundary into new territories which include, but are not limited to, flow and transport in sloping aquifer/hillslopes, coupled unsaturated and saturated flow, coupled aquifer-vertical/horizontal/slant well flow, interaction of aquifer with connected and disconnected rivers, non-Darcian flow, anomalous transport beyond the Fickian scheme, and flow and transport in extremely small pore spaces such as shale and tight sandstones. Contributions focusing on innovative experimental, numerical, and analytical methods for understanding unconventional problems, such as the above-listed ones, are encouraged, and contributions addressing flow and transport at interfaces of different media and crossing multiple temporal and spatial scales are of great value

Advances in Treating Textile Effluent

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ISBN: 9789533077048 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.5772/1039 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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The treatment of textile wet processing effluent to meet stringent governmental regulations is a complex and continually evolving process. Treatment methods that were perfectly acceptable in the past may not be suitable today or in the future. This book provides new ideas and processes to assist the textile industry in meeting the challenging requirements of treating textile effluent.

Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident (III)

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789811332180 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-3218-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Forestry --- Agriculture (General) --- Environmental Technology --- Environmental Sciences --- Zoology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:24
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This open access book presents the findings from on-site research into radioactive cesium contamination in various agricultural systems affected by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident in March 2011. This third volume in the series reports on studies undertaken at contaminated sites such as farmland, forests, and marine and freshwater environments, with a particular focus on livestock, wild plants and mushrooms, crops, and marine products in those environments. It also provides additional data collected in the subsequent years to show how the radioactivity levels in agricultural products and their growing environments have changed with time and the route by which radioactive materials entered agricultural products as well as their movement between different components (e.g., soil, water, and trees) within an environmental system (e.g., forests). The book covers various topics, including radioactivity testing of food products; decontamination trials for rice and livestock production; the state of contamination in, trees, mushrooms, and timber; the dynamics of radioactivity distribution in paddy fields and upland forests; damage incurred by the forestry and fishery industries; and the change in consumers’ attitudes. Chapter 19 introduces a real-time radioisotope imaging system, a pioneering technique to visualize the movement of cesium in soil and in plants. This is the only book to provide systematic data on the actual change of radioactivity, and as such is of great value to all researchers who wish to understand the effect of radioactive fallout on agriculture. In addition, it helps the general public to better understand the issues of radio-contamination in the environment. The project is ongoing; the research groups from the Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences of The University of Tokyo continue their work in the field to further evaluate the long-term effects of the Fukushima accident.

Air Pollution - Monitoring, Quantification and Removal of Gases and Particles

Authors:
ISBN: 9781838801939 9781838801946 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73722 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Currently, one of the most evident and dangerous contaminants aspects for the health of all living beings is air pollution. To understand the severity of this environmental problem, in this book the authors make an in-depth review of different environmental aspects on monitoring, quantification and elimination of emissions to the atmosphere, generated by diverse anthropogenic activities in large cities. Contributors of this book have made an effort to put their ideas in simple terms without forgoing quality. The principal objective of this book is to present the most recent technical literature to all interested readers in this field.

Air Quality - Measurement and Modeling

Authors:
ISBN: 9789535127642 9789535127659 9789535141372 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.5772/62563 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Addressing the matter of air quality in a collection of focused scientific topic chapters is timely as a contribution to the international discussion and challenges of global warming and climate change. This book engages with the debate by considering some of the social, public health, economic and scientific issues that relate to the contribution made by airborne pollutants to the observable trending variances in weather, climate and atmospheric conditions. From a wide range of submissions for inclusion in the book, there are seven carefully selected chapters that individually relate to air sampling and analysis: the monitoring, measurement and modelling of air quality. The authors come from a range of academic and scientific disciplines, and each is internationally credited in his/her field. This book will appeal to scholars, to students and generally to those interested in the following contemporary thought in the matter of environment pollution, air quality and the issues of climate and atmosphere the world is facing today.

Air Quality Assessment Standards and Sustainable Development in Developing Countries

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039280148 9783039280155 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-015-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Technology --- Environmental Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This book brings together the latest research results of air quality assessment standards and sustainable development in developing countries. The content is full and the discussion is vivid. These articles are suitable for students and researchers at all levels seeking to understand the status of air pollution, governance standards, and governance effects in developing countries.

AiREAS: Sustainocracy for a Healthy City

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs on Case Studies of Sustainable Development ISBN: 9783319269405 Year: Pages: 113 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-26940-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Technology --- Medicine (General) --- Economics --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:07

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This book describes the coming about and first results of the AiREAS "healthy city" cooperative in the city of Eindhoven and Province of North Brabant in the Netherlands. AiREAS is an initiative focused on the multidisciplinary co-creation of healthy cities using the core human value of human health and air quality as guiding principle for profound regional innovation. The unique group process that followed uses the complexity of the city of Eindhoven as living lab. It is an anthropology based initiative that invites directly to the same table of core innovative responsibility the local government, innovative business partners, scientific insights and research, and civilian participation. The first phase is described here in which the consortium decided to want to make the invisible of air pollution and human exposure visible for the integral innovative participation of all city's core pillars (policy, education, infrastructure, culture and entrepreneurship). The experience is unique in the world and proceeding now with more phases in Eindhoven and the role out of the same working format in other cities. This Brief is made available to inspire the world to address together the most complex issues of our current era: pollution, climate and core human values.

Assessing Recent Soil Erosion Rates through the Use of Beryllium-7 (Be-7)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030109820 Year: Pages: 69 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-10982-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Environmental Technology --- Environmental Sciences --- Geography --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:11
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This open access book is the first comprehensive guideline for the beryllium-7 (Be-7) technique that can be applied to evaluate short-term patterns and budgets of soil redistribution in agricultural landscapes. While covering the fundamental and basic concepts of the approach, this book distinguishes itself from other publications by offering step-by-step instructions on how to use this isotopic technique effectively. It covers experimental design considerations and clear instruction is given on data processing. As accurate laboratory measurement is crucial to ensure successful use of Be-7 to investigate soil erosion, a full chapter is devoted to its specific determination by gamma spectrometry. This open access contribution further describes new developments in the Be-7 technique and includes a concluding chapter highlighting its potential benefits to support the implementation of area-wide soil conservation policy.

Listing 1 - 10 of 106 << page
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