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10 PRINT CHR$(205.5+RND(1));

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Software Studies ISBN: 9780262018463 9780262526746 Year: Pages: 328 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:32
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A single line of code offers a way to understand the cultural context of computing.This book takes a single line of code—the extremely concise BASIC program for the Commodore 64 inscribed in the title—and uses it as a lens through which to consider the phenomenon of creative computing and the way computer programs exist in culture. The authors of this collaboratively written book treat code not as merely functional but as a text—in the case of 10 PRINT, a text that appeared in many different printed sources—that yields a story about its making, its purpose, its assumptions, and more. They consider randomness and regularity in computing and art, the maze in culture, the popular BASIC programming language, and the highly influential Commodore 64 computer.

Keywords

programming --- BASIC

12 Computer science (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge International Handbooks ISBN: 9780415826266 9780203431405 Year: Pages: 13 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-26 11:21:02
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In this chapter we will explore the relationship between crime and computers and networks by answering the following questions: •• Which techniques from computer science can be used to prevent crime? •• Which techniques from computer science can be used to study crime? To address the first question we use the 25 techniques of situational crime prevention to provide a systematic assessment of how computer and network technology can be used to prevent crime. The second question will be addressed by discussing computer simulation methods in cases where real experiments with crime prevention would be too costly or impractical.

Anti-fragile ICT Systems

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Book Series: Simula SpringerBriefs on Computing ISBN: 9783319300689 9783319300702 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 151 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30070-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Simula Research Laboratory
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Computer Science --- Media and communication --- Transportation --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-25 16:55:27
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This book introduces a novel approach to the design and operation of large ICT systems. It views the technical solutions and their stakeholders as complex adaptive systems and argues that traditional risk analyses cannot predict all future incidents with major impacts. To avoid unacceptable events, it is necessary to establish and operate anti-fragile ICT systems that limit the impact of all incidents, and which learn from small-impact incidents how to function increasingly well in changing environments. The book applies four design principles and one operational principle to achieve anti-fragility for different classes of incidents. It discusses how systems can achieve high availability, prevent malware epidemics, and detect anomalies. Analyses of Netflix’s media streaming solution, Norwegian telecom infrastructures, e-government platforms, and Numenta’s anomaly detection software show that cloud computing is essential to achieving anti-fragility for classes of events with negative impacts.

Access Controlled

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Information Revolution and Global Politics ISBN: 9780262014342 9780262514354 Year: Pages: 634 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Computer Science --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:35
License: The MIT Press

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Reports on a new generation of Internet controls that establish a new normative terrain in which surveillance and censorship are routine.Internet filtering, censorship of Web content, and online surveillance are increasing in scale, scope, and sophistication around the world, in democratic countries as well as in authoritarian states. The first generation of Internet controls consisted largely of building firewalls at key Internet gateways; China's famous “Great Firewall of China” is one of the first national Internet filtering systems. Today the new tools for Internet controls that are emerging go beyond mere denial of information. These new techniques, which aim to normalize (or even legalize) Internet control, include targeted viruses and the strategically timed deployment of distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, surveillance at key points of the Internet's infrastructure, take-down notices, stringent terms of usage policies, and national information shaping strategies. Access Controlled reports on this new normative terrain. The book, a project from the OpenNet Initiative (ONI), a collaboration of the Citizen Lab at the University of Toronto's Munk Centre for International Studies, Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet and Society, and the SecDev Group, offers six substantial chapters that analyze Internet control in both Western and Eastern Europe and a section of shorter regional reports and country profiles drawn from material gathered by the ONI around the world through a combination of technical interrogation and field research methods.

Keywords

internet --- power relations

An Access Definition and Query Language : Towards a Unified Access Control Model

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ISBN: 9783731500889 Year: Pages: IX, 216 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000036121 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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In this work we suggest a meta access control model emulating established access control models by configuration and offering enhanced features like the delegation of rights, ego-centered roles, and decentralized administration. The suggested meta access control model is named ''Access Definition and Query Language'' (ADQL). ADQL is represented by a formal, context-free grammar allowing to express the targeted access control model, policies, facts, and access queries as a formal language.

Adaptive State

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriften zur Anthropomatik / Lehrstuhl für Interaktive Echtzeitsysteme, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ; Fraunhofer-Inst. für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung IOSB Karlsruhe ISSN: 18636489 ISBN: 9783731505808 Year: Volume: 27 Pages: XXV, 241 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000058693 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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Mobile robot motion planning in unstructured dynamic environments is a challenging task. Thus, often suboptimal methods are employed which perform global path planning and local obstacle avoidance separately. This work introduces a holistic planning algorithm which is based on the concept of state

Adaptive Steuerung eines mehrsegmentigen Inspektionsroboters

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ISBN: 9783866444683 Year: Pages: 222 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000015312 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Mehrsegmentige Roboter können verschiedene Umgebungen befahren und inspizieren. In dieser Arbeit wird eine Steuerung entwickelt, die die selbständige Durchführung komplexer Bewegungen in unstrukturierten Umgebungen ermöglicht. Vorgaben eines menschlichen Operators und Zustandsinformationen des Roboters werden in einem Regelkreis verarbeitet. Drei Sensorsysteme erfassen diesen Zustand. Die Teilkomponenten und das Gesamtsystem werden auf den Zielsystemen MakroPlus und Kairo-II evaluiert.

Adaptive Verhaltensentscheidung und Bahnplanung für kognitive Automobile

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ISBN: 9783866444065 Year: Pages: IV, 207 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000012234 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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In der vorliegenden Arbeit wird eine biologisch motivierte Verhaltenssteuerung für ein kognitives Automobil vorgestellt, die ein hohes Maß an Rückmeldung liefert und damit die Grundlage für zukünftige Lernverfahren bildet. Weiterhin wird eine universell einsetzbare Bahnplanungskomponente entwickelt. Wesentliches Element des vorgestellten Ansatzes ist die Repräsentation von Fahrintention und Fahrzeugumfeld mit Hilfe von dynamischen Gefahrenkarten.

Adaptivität und semantische Interoperabilität von Manufacturing Execution Systemen (MES)

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriften zur Anthropomatik / Lehrstuhl für Interaktive Echtzeitsysteme, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ; Fraunhofer-Inst. für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung IOSB Karlsruhe ISSN: 18636489 ISBN: 9783866449558 Year: Volume: 12 Pages: XIII, 388 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000031462 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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MES (Manufacturing Execution Systems) are situated between automation and management level and are affected from changes of the production. Therefore their adaptivity within the lifecycle of production plants is mission critical. Furthermore MES act as data and information hub. This means that they have to work together with other systems in an efficient and seamless way. MES must be interoperable and must have semantics under control. The present publication faces both aspects.

Advanced Signaling Support for IP-based Networks

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ISBN: 9783731500377 Year: Pages: XXX, 333 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000035118 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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This work develops a set of advanced signaling concepts for IP-based networks. It proposes a design for secure and authentic signaling and provides QoS signaling support for mobile users. Furthermore, this work develops methods which allow for scalable QoS signaling by realizing QoS-based group communication mechanisms and through aggregation of resource reservations.

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