Expand Subject Tree

Subjects Social Sciences Anthropology

Browse results: Found 303

Listing 1 - 10 of 303 << page
of 31
>>
La Adopción y el acogimiento: presente y perspectivas

Authors: ---
Book Series: Col·lecció Estudis d'Antropologia Social i Cultural ISBN: 9788491682066 Year: Pages: 342
Publisher: Publicacions i Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona
Subject: Anthropology --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-05 16:09:15
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Este libro es el resultado de las jornadas que con el título "La Adopción y el Acogimiento: un Estado de la Cuestión" se realizaron el pasado 2 de octubre de 2004 en el Parc Científic de la Universidad de Barcelona. Como se mencionó en el tríptico con el que convocamos las jornadas, la adopción internacional se inició en España a principios de la década de 1990 y se ha cuadruplicado desde 1997 en el conjunto del Estado. Pero, entre las comunidades autónomas, Cataluña es la que tiene el porcentaje más alto de adopciones y de organizaciones en torno de las mismas. Las implicaciones sociales, económicas y culturales de una triple coincidencia entre el incremento de las adopciones internacionales, la inmigración de niños y adultos procedentes de los mismos orígenes que los menores adoptados y la reapertura de las adopciones nacionales, requieren y requerirán en el futuro de la aportación interrelacionada de los actores involucrados en esos procesos y de la mayor parte de los científicos, especialmente de aquellos vinculados a las ciencias sociales. Por ello, creímos oportuno reunirnos en unas jornadas intensivas de intercambio y reflexión sobre la adopción y el acogimiento, que ahora recogemos en este libro. Sabíamos que no eran las primeras jornadas realizadas sobre el tema; tampoco éste es el primer libro. Esperamos, al mismo tiempo, que no sean los últimos acontecimientos científicos dedicados al tema. Si bien el título de las jornadas "Un estado de la cuestión" o del libro "Presente y perspectivas" pueden parecer excesivamente ambiciosos, creemos que hemos dado un paso hacia una idea más completa y compleja de la situación en la que estamos, hacia dónde avanzamos y quiénes y en qué medida nos hemos involucrado en esta temática y deberíamos seguir haciéndolo.

Animal Metropolis: Histories of Human-Animal Relations in Urban Canada

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Canadian History and Environment ISSN: 19253710 ISBN: 9781552388655 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 358 Language: English
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Anthropology --- Environmental Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-21 18:09:32
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Animal Metropolis brings a Canadian perspective to the growing field of animal history, ranging across species and cities, from the beavers who engineered Stanley Park to the carthorses who shaped the city of Montreal. Some essays consider animals as spectacle: orca captivity in Vancouver, polar bear tourism in Churchill, Manitoba, fish on display in the Dominion Fisheries Museum, and the racialized memory of Jumbo the elephant in St. Thomas, Ontario. Others examine the bodily intimacies of shared urban spaces: the regulation of rabid dogs in Banff, the maternal politics of pure milk in Hamilton and the circulation of tetanus bacilli from horse to human in Toronto. Another considers the marginalization of women in Canada’s animal welfare movement. The authors collectively push forward from a historiography that features nonhuman animals as objects within human-centered inquiries to a historiography that considers the eclectic contacts, exchanges, and cohabitation of human and nonhuman animals. With contributions by: Kristoffer Archibald, Jason Colby, George Colpitts, Joanna Dean, Carla Hustak, Darcy Ingram, Sean Kheraj, William Knight, Sherry Olson, Rachel Poliquin, and Christabelle Sethna

"Adieu ihr lieben Schwarzen"

Authors:
ISBN: 9783205771449 Year: Pages: 416 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437215 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3594
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:49
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Franz Mayr was "one of the most interesting of catholic missionaries in Southern Africa" states Professor Joy Brain ("University of Durban") in the foreword she wrote for this first edition of his writings. Mayr was born in the Austrian province of Tyrol in 1865, educated as a priest in the diocese of Brixen and arrived in Natal (South Africa) at the beginning of May 1890, inspired by the work being done there by the Trappist-Monks led by Abbot Franz Pfanner. Mayr was physically handicapped and soon left the trappists but just to offer his services to the vicar apostolic of Natal, Bishop Charles Jolivet, who accepted him for work among the African population. He was sent to Pietermaritzburg then capital of the British colony to take over the care of the African parishioners to bring the "good news" to those who had never heard it. He founded several new mission-stations in Natal, Southern Rhodesia (present day Zimbabwe) and Swaziland where he was killed by a native robber in 1914. Mayr - a man of many talents - was a gifted linguist, studied and published books in several African languages. He was interested in cultural anthropology and collected information about African customs. It is now more than a hundred years since Franz Mayr began his work of evangelisation and scholarship in Southern Africa. Publishing his letters and articles - kept by several archives in Europe - should help to remember a man of the Habsburg-Monarchy who went to preach the gospel to the so called heathen of Africa. Although Austria or Austria-Hungary never owned colonies in Africa many of its inhabitants left their homes to work in catholic mission-stations around the continent. Several introductory chapters in this book explain the particular historical context which has to be put into consideration when reading Mayrs' writings. From there we learn about his life, his work, how he treated the native population, what he thought about other religious congregations around him, the colonialists and about troubles when trying to convince people to believe in the only - the "European God". The missionary deserves to be better known. The present edition of historical sources is to be seen as a most relevant step allowing us to interpret his personality adequately.

"¡Viva la coca, mueran los gringos!": movilizaciones campesinas y etnicidad en el Chapare (Bolivia)

Authors:
Book Series: Col·lecció Estudis d'Antropologia Social i Cultural ISBN: 9788491682295 Year: Pages: 114 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Publicacions i Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona
Subject: Anthropology --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-04 13:21:31
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

2001 A Folklore Odyssey

Authors:
ISBN: 9781574411409 Year:
Publisher: University of North Texas Press
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-08 09:32:15
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Keywords

21 Legalities and materialities (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Handbooks ISBN: 9781138956469 9781317353003 9781317352990 9781317352983 9781315665733 Year: Pages: 22 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Law --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This chapter reflects on what materiality-inflected methodologies1 can bring to an anthropology of law, and to legal studies more generally. Its starting point is an increasing attention across the social sciences and humanities for objects, and thinking beyond the human. These have often, but not only, emerged from science and technology studies (STS), to which we pay particular attention. However, approaches to materiality have themselves become diversified, and their implications for law can similarly be read in multiple ways. At the same time, legal anthropology has helped to re-characterise the complexity of law as a field of social activity by paying attention to its meanings, for actors within as well as outside its own institutions; to its modes of action in practice, again within its explicitly designated spaces as well as its everyday; to its unexpected forms, patterns and directions; to its multiplicity and uncertainty. Approaches within a broadly defined ‘legal anthropology’ agenda have provided tools to move away from grand and removed theorisation of the law, or an exclusive attention to its own claims, and towards a subtler understanding of law as a relatively fluid, changing and uncertain set of practices. While doing so, legal anthropology has also reminded us of the significance of empirical research to identify and theorise the complex existences of law, a contribution which echoes some of the implications of materiality-oriented theories.

Keywords

law --- philosophy --- anthropology

Aboriginal Placenames

Authors: ---
Book Series: Aboriginal History Monograph ISBN: 9781921666094 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458791 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Aboriginal approaches to the naming of places across Australia differ radically from the official introduced Anglo-Australian system. However, many of these earlier names have been incorporated into contemporary nomenclature, with considerable reinterpretations of their function and form. Recently, state jurisdictions have encouraged the adoption of a greater number of Indigenous names, sometimes alongside the accepted Anglo-Australian terms, around Sydney Harbour, for example. In some cases, the use of an introduced name, such as Gove, has been contested by local Indigenous people. The 19 studies brought together in this book present an overview of current issues involving Indigenous placenames across the whole of Australia, drawing on the disciplines of geography, linguistics, history, and anthropology. They include meticulous studies of historical records, and perspectives stemming from contemporary Indigenous communities. The book includes a wealth of documentary information on some 400 specific placenames, including those of Sydney Harbour, the Blue Mountains, Canberra, western Victoria, the Lake Eyre district, the Victoria River District, and southwestern Cape York Peninsula.

Active ageing and solidarity between generations in Europe. First results from SHARE after the economic crisis

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783110295467 9783110295450 Year: Pages: xiv, 402 DOI: 10.1515/9783110295467 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Anthropology --- Sociology --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-13 09:44:29
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

SHARE is an international survey designed to answer the societal challenges that face us due to rapid population ageing. How do Europeans age? Under which circumstances do older people and their families live, how healthy and active are they, and how did the crisis affect them? The authors of this multidisciplinary book have taken a first step toward answering these questions based on the recent SHARE data including a new social networks module.

Keywords

Actor-network theory and the empirical critique of environmental law: unpacking the bioprospecting debates (Book chapter)

Authors:
ISBN: 9781784712563 9781784712570 Year: Pages: 24 DOI: 10.4337/9781784712570.00010 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Law --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-22 10:32:41
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In recent years, actor-network theory (ANT), and the work of Bruno Latour in particular, have gained significant interest amongst legal scholars. This approach, derived from Science and Technology Studies (STS) and bearing various links with anthropology and ethnographic methods, has enabled new insights to emerge in relation to the ways in which law operates in everyday practices. The innovative position the approach suggests has been largely based on the breaking down of the dichotomy between nature and society, humans and non-humans, and in turn on an emphasis on the importance of materiality in social practices (and its complexity). In his early work, Bruno Latour therefore laid out the foundations of what was to become a radical rethink of sociological assumptions, by challenging the extent to which humanity can ever be imagined as being fundamentally separate from nature. Consequently, he argued that some of the most fundamental assumptions of modernity, about how knowledge is made, societies are built, and humans can relate to their environment, are mistaken and in need of revisiting. Given its deep engagement with our relationship with nature, and its grounding in the sociology of science, it is somehow surprising that ANT has not been more frequently explored in environmental law – in spite of a few examples. However, more resources are available to those wanting to imagine what an ‘ANT approach to environmental law’ may look like, if engaging with STS and the anthropology of science literature that has in recent years aimed to unpack some of the legal stories that surround environmental practices. In this chapter, I seek to bring together some of this scholarship to reflect on what ANT can bring to environmental law research. The chapter is illustrated specifically with the example of the use of natural resources for industrial purposes, and the long-standing debates on ‘biopiracy’ that have animated much legal debate since the 1990s. Through this example, I retrace the difficulty for modern environmental law to engage with practices that challenge the boundaries between nature and humanity, and the dichotomies on which law has so far operated. I explore how studies that have embraced some of the more radical claims of ANT and STS, and engaged ethnographic analyses of social practices, have illustrated how law often fails to seize the messiness of the entanglement of nature and society. I conclude by discussing how ANT, and the work of Bruno Latour, can be used more broadly by environmental lawyers seeking to reimagine the ways in which law relates to nature.

Adat and Indigeneity in Indonesia - Culture and Entitlements between Heteronomy and Self-Ascription

Authors:
Book Series: Göttingen Studies in Cultural Property ISBN: 9783863951320 Year: Pages: 240 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Anthropology --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-11-23 08:54:18
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

A number of UN conventions and declarations (on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions and the World Heritage Conventions) can be understood as instruments of international governance to promote democracy and social justice worldwide. In Indonesia (as in many other countries), these international agreements have encouraged the self-assertion of communities that had been oppressed and deprived of their land, especially during the New Order regime (1966-1998). More than 2,000 communities in Indonesia who define themselves as masyarakat adat or “indigenous peoples” had already joined the Indigenous Peoples’ Alliance of the Archipelago” (AMAN) by 2013. In their efforts to gain recognition and selfdetermination, these communities are supported by international donors and international as well as national NGOs by means of development programmes. In the definition of masyarakat adat, “culture” or adat plays an important role in the communities’ self-definition. Based on particular characteristics of their adat, the asset of their culture, they try to distinguish themselves from others in order to substantiate their claims for the restitution of their traditional rights and property (namely land and other natural resources) from the state. The authors of this volume investigate how differently structured communities - socially, politically and religiously - and associations reposition themselves vis-à-vis others, especially the state, not only by drawing on adat for achieving particular goals, but also dignity and a better future.

Listing 1 - 10 of 303 << page
of 31
>>