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La Adopción y el acogimiento: presente y perspectivas

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Book Series: Col·lecció Estudis d'Antropologia Social i Cultural ISBN: 9788491682066 Year: Pages: 342
Publisher: Publicacions i Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona
Subject: Anthropology --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-05 16:09:15
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Este libro es el resultado de las jornadas que con el título "La Adopción y el Acogimiento: un Estado de la Cuestión" se realizaron el pasado 2 de octubre de 2004 en el Parc Científic de la Universidad de Barcelona. Como se mencionó en el tríptico con el que convocamos las jornadas, la adopción internacional se inició en España a principios de la década de 1990 y se ha cuadruplicado desde 1997 en el conjunto del Estado. Pero, entre las comunidades autónomas, Cataluña es la que tiene el porcentaje más alto de adopciones y de organizaciones en torno de las mismas. Las implicaciones sociales, económicas y culturales de una triple coincidencia entre el incremento de las adopciones internacionales, la inmigración de niños y adultos procedentes de los mismos orígenes que los menores adoptados y la reapertura de las adopciones nacionales, requieren y requerirán en el futuro de la aportación interrelacionada de los actores involucrados en esos procesos y de la mayor parte de los científicos, especialmente de aquellos vinculados a las ciencias sociales. Por ello, creímos oportuno reunirnos en unas jornadas intensivas de intercambio y reflexión sobre la adopción y el acogimiento, que ahora recogemos en este libro. Sabíamos que no eran las primeras jornadas realizadas sobre el tema; tampoco éste es el primer libro. Esperamos, al mismo tiempo, que no sean los últimos acontecimientos científicos dedicados al tema. Si bien el título de las jornadas "Un estado de la cuestión" o del libro "Presente y perspectivas" pueden parecer excesivamente ambiciosos, creemos que hemos dado un paso hacia una idea más completa y compleja de la situación en la que estamos, hacia dónde avanzamos y quiénes y en qué medida nos hemos involucrado en esta temática y deberíamos seguir haciéndolo.

Les Scories de forge du Pays dogon (Mali) Entre ethnoarchéologie, archéologie expérimentale et archéométrie

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ISBN: 9783952454299 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 209 DOI: 10.19218/3952454299 Language: French
Publisher: LIBRUM Publishers & Editors LLC
Subject: Archaeology --- Mining and Metallurgy --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-16 16:41:15
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Slide 1 Les Scories de forge du Pays dogon Les Scories de forge du Pays dogon (Mali) Entre ethnoarchéologie, archéologie expérimentale et archéométrie Cet ouvrage est le résultat d’une thèse de doctorat menée entre le Pays dogon au Mali, et l’université de Fribourg en Suisse, entre fin 2007 et début 2014. Le point central de cette recherche concerne une classe de mobilier archéologique que sont les scories de forge, déchets métallurgiques qui se forment au fond du foyer de forge au cours du travail traditionnel d’objets en fer. Les études qui leur sont consacrées montrent que ces matériaux montrent une incroyable variabilité, qui témoigne de l’immense diversité des travaux de forge. Les recherches actuelles cherchent ainsi naturellement à établir un lien entre les scories, mises au jour par les archéologues, et les activités de forge passées. L’originalité de cette recherche est le développement d’une démarche de travail, au croisement de l’ethnoarchéologie, l’archéologie expérimentale et l’archéométrie. Ce travail a comporté une phase de terrain au Pays dogon (Mali), où forgerons et traditions métallurgiques sont encore préservés. Cette recherche de terrain a donné lieu à des expérimentations dirigées de travaux de forge, durant lesquels différents paramètres sont contrôlés. Le travail de laboratoire a permis de mettre en évidence les caractéristiques intrinsèques des scories. Toutes ces données mettent en lumière des groupes distincts de scories de forge, et constituent un référentiel unique. Raphaëlle Soulignac propose différents scenarii de modalités de formation des scories dans le foyer, en lien avec les travaux qui les ont produits. Ce travail permet ainsi d’enrichir nos connaissances sur les gestes, les pratiques des forgerons et les déchets de forgeage, en mettant en avant un patrimoine important de nos sociétés anciennes.

"¡Viva la coca, mueran los gringos!": movilizaciones campesinas y etnicidad en el Chapare (Bolivia)

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Book Series: Col·lecció Estudis d'Antropologia Social i Cultural ISBN: 9788491682295 Year: Pages: 114 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Publicacions i Edicions de la Universitat de Barcelona
Subject: Anthropology --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-04 13:21:31
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'A Peep at the Blacks'. A History of Tourism at Coranderrk Aboriginal Station, 1863-1924

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ISBN: 9783110468243 9783110468588 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.1515/9783110468243 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Geography --- Ethnology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-18 17:35:43
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This book is concerned with the history of tourism at the Coranderrk Aboriginal Station at Healesville, northeast of Melbourne, which functioned as a government reserve from 1863 until its closure in 1924. At Coranderrk, Aboriginal mission interests and tourism intersected and the station became a ‘showplace’ of Aboriginal culture and the government policy of assimilation. The Aboriginal residents responded to tourist interest by staging cultural performances that involved boomerang throwing and traditional ways of lighting fires and by manufacturing and selling traditional artifacts. Whenever government policy impacted adversely on the Aboriginal community, the residents of Coranderrk took advantage of the opportunities offered to them by tourism to advance their political and cultural interests. This was particularly evident in the 1910s and 1920s when government policy moved to close the station.

Advanced Methods and New Materials for Cultural Heritage Preservation

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ISBN: 9781789857351 9781789857368 9781838806385 Year: Pages: 108 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.77505 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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The integration of science with art is a complex process of analysis and the knowledge and understanding of the need to save and protect works of art as well as preserve and restore cultural heritage. This is generally provoked by the living necessity, profoundly human, to leave our inheritance to new generations, as intact as is possible, the testimonies of the past.The issues approached interfere with artistic criticism, for example, biological and physico-chemical analyses, and intelligent mathematical modeling systems such as Marker-less Augmented Reality, 3D Reconstruction, intelligent combinations of digital image analysis functions to recognize and estimate the possible evolution of color and shape to help experts make the best decisions about authenticating and preserving-restoring art objects.Advanced technical devices such as digital databases and other tools and materials can allow for the eradication of offenses such as false art and falsification.

Affe und Affekt

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Book Series: Cultural Animal Studies ISBN: 9783476051042 Year: Pages: 467 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-476-05104-2 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Ethnology --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:03
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Diese Open-Access-Publikation mit dem Titel "Affe und Affekt" untersucht anhand populärwissenschaftlicher Forschungsmemoiren die Form und Funktion von Emotionen, Affekten und Gefühlen in der Feldforschung mit Affen – und wie gerade Literatur und Film das Verhältnis von Mensch, Affe und Affekt für die Wissenschaft produktiv reflektieren und analysieren. Der Mensch ist evolutionär betrachtet ein Affe unter anderen. Doch nennt er sich selbst homo sapiens, die anderen Affen im besten Fall die ‚Menschenaffen‘ - sonst aber pans, pongos oder papios. Diese Unterscheidung ist nur ein kleines Puzzlestück in einer emotionsgetriebenen Rhetorik der Primatologie, der Wissenschaft von den Affen.

Keywords

Literature --- Literature --- Ethnology

Agency and Causal Explanation in Economics

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Book Series: Virtues and Economics ISBN: 9783030261146 Year: Pages: 171 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-26114-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Ethnology --- Sociology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:04
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This open access book provides an exploration of the consequences of the ontological differences between natural and social objects (sometimes described as objects of nature and objects of thought) in the workings of causal and agency relationships. One of its important and possibly original conclusions is that causal and agency relationships do not encompass all of the dependent relationships encountered in social life. The idea that social reality is contingent has been known (and largely undisputed) at least since Wittgenstein’s “On Certainty”, but social science, and most notably economics has continued to operate on the basis of causal and agency theories borrowed or adapted from the natural sciences. This volume contains essays that retain and justify the partial or qualified use of this approach and essays that totally reject any use of causal and agency theory built on determined facts (closed systems).The rejection is based on the possibly original claim that, whereas causation in the objects of the natural sciences reside in their properties, human action is a matter of intentionality. It engages with critical realist theory and re-examines the role of free will in theories of human action in general and economic theory in particular.

Alternative countrysides

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ISBN: 9780719096846 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101898
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:03
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A fresh anthropological look at a central but neglected topic: the profound changes in rural life throughout Western Europe today. As locals leave for jobs in cities they are replaced by neo-hippies, lifestyle-seekers, eco-activists, and labour migrants from beyond the EU. With detailed ethnographic examples, contributors analyse new modes of living rurally and emerging forms of social organisation. As incomers’ dreams come up against residents’ realities, they detail the clashes and the cooperations between old and new residents. They make us rethink the rural/urban divide, investigate regionalists’ politicisation of rural life and heritage, and reveal how locals use EU monies to prop up or challenge existing hierarchies. They expose the consequences of and reactions to grand EU-restructuring policies, which at times threaten to turn the countryside into a manicured playground for escapee urbanites. This book will appeal to anyone seriously interested in the realities of rural life.

Ancient Lithuanian calendar festivals

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ISBN: 9786094670176 Year: Pages: 184 p. Language: English
Publisher: Vytautas Magnus University
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-09 07:58:23
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The book discusses traditional Lithuanian calendar festivals, their development, rituals, and customs. It also focuses on the ways rural communities celebrated Christmas, St John’s Day, and St George’s Day, paying special attention to ancient rituals that are still practiced today. The reader will also find answers to the following questions: What is the difference between Shrovetide and other calendar festivals? Why can Easter, which reached Lithuania with Christianity, reveal the customs of early Lithuanians no worse than other traditional rural festivals of pre-Christian origin? The book is dedicated to everyone interested in traditional Lithuanian culture and customs.

Anthropocene Unseen

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781950192557 9781950192564 Year: Pages: 545 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0265.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:22
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"The idea of the Anthropocene often generates an overwhelming sense of abjection or apathy. It occupies the imagination as a set of circumstances that counterpose individual human actors against ungraspable scales and impossible odds. There is much at stake in how we understand the implications of this planetary imagination, and how to plot paths from this present to other less troubling futures. With Anthropocene Unseen: A Lexicon, the editors aim at a resource helpful for this task: a catalog of ways to pluralize and radicalize our picture of the Anthropocene, to make it speak more effectively to a wider range of contemporary human societies and circumstances. Organized as a lexicon for troubled times, each entry in this book recognizes the gravity of the global forecasts that invest the present with its widespread air of crisis, urgency, and apocalyptic possibility. Each also finds value in smaller scales of analysis, capturing the magnitude of an epoch in the unique resonances afforded by a single word. The Holocene may have been the age in which we learned our letters, but we are faced now with circumstances that demand more experimental plasticity. Alternative ways of perceiving a moment can bring a halt to habitual action, opening a space for slantwise movements through the shock of the unexpected. Each small essay in this lexicon is meant to do just this, drawing from anthropology, literary studies, artistic practice, and other humanistic endeavors to open up the range of possible action by contributing some other concrete way of seeing the present. Each entry proposes a different way of conceiving this Earth from some grounded place, always in a manner that aims to provoke a different imagination of the Anthropocene as a whole. The Anthropocene is a world-engulfing concept, drawing every thing and being imaginable into its purview, both in terms of geographic scale and temporal duration. Pronouncing an epoch in our own name may seem the ultimate act of apex species self-aggrandizement, a picture of the world as dominated by ourselves. Can we learn new ways of being in the face of this challenge, approaching the transmogrification of the ecosphere in a spirit of experimentation rather than catastrophic risk and existential dismay? This lexicon is meant as a site to imagine and explore what human beings can do differently with this time, and with its sense of peril."

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