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The "I" of the Storm. Understanding the Suicidal Mind

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ISBN: 9783110374827 9783110399226 Year: Pages: 169 DOI: 10.2478/9783110374827 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-17 10:45:44
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We cannot explain why people kill themselves. There are no necessary or sufficient causes for suicide, so rather than explaining suicide (looking for causes), perhaps we can understand suicide, at least in one individual, a phenomenological approach. This book begins by examining the diaries from eight individuals who killed themselves. Using qualitative analyses, supplemented in some cases by quantitative analyses, Lester seeks to uncover the unique thoughts and feelings that led these individuals to take their own lives. Lester has also studied suicide notes, the poems of those who died by suicide (both famous poets and unpublished poets), the letters written by suicides, blogs and twitter feeds, and one tape recording of a young man who killed himself just an hour or so after he recorded the tape. This book will give you insights into the “I” of the storm, the suicidal mind. David Lester has PhD’s from Cambridge University (UK) and Brandeis University (USA). He is a former President of the International Association for Suicide Prevention and a leading scholar on suicide, murder, the fear of death and other topics and thanatology.

(Des)encontros trabalho-família: narrativas de familiares de trabalhadores migrantes do setor de produção de energia hidrelétrica

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ISBN: 9788579837012 Year: Pages: 237 DOI: 10.7476/9788579837012 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UNESP
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-22 11:17:41
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O livro convida o leitor a se aventurar no universo dos barrageiros por meio das narrativas de vida, desvelando que os empreendimentos hidrelétricos brasileiros não geraram apenas impacto ambiental, mas um processo de desenraizamento e rupturas socioafetivas que produziram distintos modos de ser-trabalhar-viver. A desterritorialização principiada por esses projetos integram um ideário desenvolvimentista e de progresso que ocultam o avesso dessa história. Na relatividade do dentro e fora do labor, verificou-se o tempo de trabalho e de vida capazes tanto de interditar a existência em sua potência criadora quanto de resistir, transformando a subjetividade e a vivência familiar em uma insistente reinvenção.

Keywords

PSYCHOLOGY

(Im)pertinências da educação: o trabalho educativo em pesquisa

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ISBN: 9788579830228 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.7476/9788579830228 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: SciELO Books - Editora UNESP
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-27 17:03:15
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O leitor encontrará neste livro o resultado de pesquisas científicas sobre temas que fundam a educação problematizam princípios e práticas atuais da educação escolarizada. Sem abandonar as antigas concepções de educação e também sem valorizar apenas as novidades teóricas, os autores apostam numa sólida união entre Psique e Eros, inspirada nas concepções de Freud. A obra abrange estudos sobre o lúdico na educação infantil, a ética, os afetos, o valor da fantasia na aprendizagem e no desenvolvimento emocional, a constituição profissional de docentes e pesquisadores, a orientação sexual e a educação escolar. Pertinências e impertinências da educação são consideradas na medida em que produzem e reproduzem valores humanos na construção de identidade pessoal e profissional.

Keywords

PSYCHOLOGY

(Pushing) the Limits of Neuroplasticity Induced by Adult Language Acquisition

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456406 Year: Pages: 157 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-640-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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Most adults attempt to learn a second or even third language at some point in their life. Since language exposure is one of the most intense cognitive training regimes one can encounter, it is not surprising that previous research has shown that multilingualism can induce profound change in the brain or ‘neuroplasticity’.What remains unclear is the scope of such adult language learning induced neuroplasticity. In other words, much is yet to be investigated about the factors that limit or promote adult language learning induced neuroplasticity. On the one hand, the present research topic discusses research that sheds light on neural mechanisms that limit adult language learning induced neuroplasticity such as: neural mechanisms of first language interference in the acquisition of a second language and reduced opportunity for language induced neuroplasticity due to aging. On the other hand, the Research Topic discusses factors that could enhance non-native language learning (and underlying neuroplastic mechanisms), such as the duration of the training regime, language aptitude, and meta-linguistic awareness. Therefore, the goal of the present Research Topic is to examine both the limits of neuroplasticity in adult language learning and the ways to push beyond those limits. Understanding of such limits and frontiers to push beyond the limits is not only theoretically fundamental but could also have practical implications for enhancing language training programmes.

Keywords

bilingualism --- plasticity --- Language --- Brain

1. Allvarliga idrottsskador hos svenska manliga akademifotbollsspelare (Book chapter)

Book title: Trender for idrettspsykologisk forskning i Skandinavia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202596903 9788202596903 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.39.ch1 Language: Swedish
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-27 11:01:02
License: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)

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Sporting and sport psychological accomplishments are an important part of Scandinavian culture. Psychological factors have been demonstrated to have a major impact on both participation and achievements in sport. Sport psychology is about precisely these factors. The diversity of sport psychology research in Scandinavia is presented for the first time in this scholarly volume. Contributors from key sport psychology research teams in Sweden, Denmark and Norway present resarch covering a wide range of issues in the book’s twelve chapters. By publishing the contributions collectively as an Open Access anthology, the authors wish to reach researchers in the field of sport psychology, sport psychology advisers and professionals throughout Scandinavia. The volume will also be relevant to anyone with any interest in sport. The editors of the book are Tommy Haugen and Rune Høigaard, who are both affiliated with the Department of Public Health, Sport and Nutrition in the Faculty of Health and Sport Sciences at the University of Agder.

10. Når dommeren i fotball dømmer feil … (Book chapter)

Book title: Trender for idrettspsykologisk forskning i Skandinavia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202596903 9788202596903 Year: Pages: 20 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.39.ch10 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-28 11:01:02
License: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)

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"The aim of this study was to investigate characteristics of situations when top referees in soccer make an incorrect decision. Two expert panels, consisting of four top referees and four top players respectively, assessed 98 potential penalty shootout situations in Tippeligaen (Norwegian Premier League). The situations in which all the expert panels considered that the match referee made an incorrect decision (N = 14) were then analyzed based on recommended technical refereeing criteria and guidelines, as the referee’s distance to, angle to and insight into these penalty situations. The results revealed that in 11 of these 14 situations the referee had a greater distance than recommended. Furthermore, both the angle and insight were only of medium or poor nature. This may indicate that the referee had limited basis when assessing these situations, and subsequently landed on a wrong decision. Findings also showed that referees were more likely to go in favor of high status teams. This will be a topic for discussion in this article, based on the theory of dealing with mistakes and social pressure."

100 Jahre akademische Psychologie in Hamburg. Eine Festschrift

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ISBN: 9783943423075 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.141 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:22

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period of time that encompasses the two World Wars, a Cold War and the transformation from the Empire through the "Third Reich" to democracy, the department has not only remained in Hamburg, but has also differentiated and developed considerably. On the occasion of this jubilee, the Department of Psychology documents in this volume some of the developmental stages of academic psychology in Hamburg. The contributions by Kurt Pawlik, Bernhard Dahme, Manfred Amelang, Frank Rösler, Martin Spieß and Tania Lincoln tell the story of academic psychology in Hamburg from very different, subjective perspectives.Paul Probst's contributions to the beginnings of academic psychology in Hamburg with Ernst Meumann and William Stern are an exception.The volume has been published by Kurt Pawlik and Bernhard Dahme as editors of a documentary on institutional and personnel development in academic psychology at the University of Hamburg since 1950.

11. Prinsipper ved test–retest-reliabilitet (Book chapter)

Book title: Trender for idrettspsykologisk forskning i Skandinavia

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9788202596903 9788202596903 Year: Pages: 14 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.39.ch11 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-28 11:01:02
License: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)

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"The study aim was twofold: 1) Review basic principles of test-retest reliability, and 2) investigate the reliability of a test procedure of a one-minute time trial on an ergometer bicycle in relatively well-trained young adults. The subjects (N = 12) completed three “all-out” intervals on the bicycle ergometers where average watt produced was recorded. The results of the experiments showed no significant mean differences across tests, high ICC (.996), low CV, TE, and SEM. The findings suggested that the ergometer test had the ability to produce accurate and stable measurements. It also indicated that measurement biases that affected the results did not seem to occur."

12. Effekt av feedback på kollektiv mestringstro og sosial loffing i et sykkeleksperiment (Book chapter)

Book title: Trender for idrettspsykologisk forskning i Skandinavia

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9788202596903 9788202596903 Year: Pages: 17 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.39.ch12 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-28 11:01:02
License: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)

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"The aim of the study was to examine the extent in which verbal feedback (positive and negative) affected the collective efficacy, and to what extent an increase in collective efficacy would affect the propensity to social loafing in a sport group context where individual effort is not perceived as identifiable. 66 sports students conducted an interval of one-minute maximum effort on the bike ergometer under individual conditions. Participants were then randomized into teams in which half of them received positive feedback, while the others received negative feedback, before they then carried out three trials under collective conditions. The participants’ belief in the team’s victory chance was reported ahead of the second and third attempt. The results show that feedback affected the collective efficacy, but there was a non-significant difference in performance between the groups."

2. Med det danske U20 ishockeylandshold til VM (Book chapter)

Book title: Trender for idrettspsykologisk forskning i Skandinavia

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9788202596903 9788202596903 Year: Pages: 18 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.39.ch2 Language: Danish
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-27 11:01:02
License: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)

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"The present case study investigates stress and recovery of the Danish national under- 20 ice hockey players during a training camp and the following World Championship. The aims were to track their stress-recovery states longitudinally, and to map their main sources of stress and recovery. Methods included a survey, qualitative interviews and a coach diary. Results showed well-balanced stress-recovery states during the entire period, and the athletes stated that this positively affected their well-being, and performance. The athletes’ perceived sources of stress and recovery were classified into organizational, social, personal and athletic, with the organizational decisions and strategies playing a major role in reducing unnecessary stress and providing a good setting for engaging in recovery. The results lead us to suggest that coaches and managers be very mindful of the potential influence of their decisions on the athletes’ stress and recovery when preparing training camps and participation in major competitions."

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