Expand Subject Tree

Subjects Social Sciences Sociology Social and Public Welfare

Browse results: Found 72

Listing 1 - 10 of 72 << page
of 8
>>
Active ageing

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781447307204 9781447354765 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102936
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-04 11:21:02
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In this topical book older people's volunteering is studied in eight European countries at the structural, macro, meso and micro levels. Overall it highlights how different interactions between the levels facilitate or hinder older people's inclusion in voluntary work and makes policy suggestions for an integrated strategy.

Keywords

Sociology

Ambulante Hilfe zur Erziehung und Sozialraumorientierung

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783847402718 9783847406235 Year: Pages: 481 DOI: 10.3224/84740623 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:04
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The current political discourse on the "further development and control of child and youth welfare" attempts to discredit and repress outpatient help for upbringing. The present "plea" interferes professionally and politically in this debate. The authors provide a critical assessment of the current situation of child and youth welfare and in particular of educational assistance and trace the process of the debate on the "further development and control of educational assistance". On the basis of detailed description and analysis of the two basic approaches to action in social work (social work in and with the social space on the one hand and individual casework, e.g. educational assistance, on the other), it deals with the question of whether the controversy alleged by politicians between the two approaches to action is technically justified. In this context, the two approaches to action are presented in their history and development and in their different conceptions. In addition to a clear plea for the preservation and consistently professional design of educational assistance in the context of life-world orientation, this also leads to the realisation that social work in general - and especially in times of neo-liberalisation of the social - is subject to the risk of individualisation. On the other hand, within both approaches it is also possible today to fend off this tendency and to act as a critical force in this society. In addition to the technical, ideological and political examination of the new control intentions of politics vis-à-vis aid for education, this book contains detailed descriptions and discussions on various individual topics, among others: - Technical characteristics, action orientations and process design of the action approaches "Outpatient individual case assistance" and "Work in and with the social space" (8.4 and 9.3, 9.4) - What shares does social work itself have in its partly unprofessional state? (Section 4.4) - Presentation and discussion of the concept of "social space orientation" (8.5) - Individualisation: What is this? How can it be avoided? (Chapter 8)

Better Than Welfare? Work and livelihoods for Indigenous Australians after CDEP

Authors:
ISBN: 9781760460273 Year: DOI: 10.22459/CAEPR36.08.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Social and Public Welfare --- Sociology --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-09 11:01:03
License: ANU Press

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The end of the very long-standing Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) scheme in 2015 marked a critical juncture in Australian Indigenous policy history. For more than 30 years, CDEP had been among the biggest and most influential programs in the Indigenous affairs portfolio, employing many thousands of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. More recently, it had also become a focus of intense political contestation that culminated in its ultimate demise. This book examines the consequences of its closure for Indigenous people, communities and organisations. The end of CDEP is first situated in its broader historical and political context: the debates over notions of ‘self-determination’ versus ‘mainstreaming’ and the enduring influence of concerns about ‘passive welfare’ and ‘mutual obligation’. In this way, the focus on CDEP highlights more general trends in Indigenous policymaking, and questions whether the dominant government approach is on the right track. Each chapter takes a different disciplinary approach to this question, variously focusing on the consequences of change for community and economic development, individual work habits and employment outcomes, and institutional capacity within the Indigenous sector. Across the case studies examined, the chapters suggest that the end of CDEP has heralded the emergence of a greater reliance on welfare rather than the increased employment outcomes the government had anticipated. Concluding that CDEP was ‘better than welfare’ in many ways, the book offers encouragement to policymakers to ensure that future reforms generate livelihood options for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Australians that are, in turn, better than CDEP.

Bildschirmmedien im Alltag von Kindern und Jugendlichen

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Interdisziplinäre Beiträge zur Kriminologischen Forschung ISBN: 9783845204512 Year: Volume: 33 Pages: 145 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845204512 Language: de
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-05 12:58:39
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Welchen Einfluss hat die Alltagsmediennutzung von Kindern und Jugendlichen auf deren Schulleistungen? Wie wirkt sich insbesondere der Konsum gewalthaltiger Medieninhalte auf Kinder und Jugendliche aus? Besteht ein Zusammenhang zur Jugendgewalt? Gibt es die Gefahr von Computerspielen im Sinne einer Sucht, abhängig zu werden?Am Kriminologischen Forschungsinstitut Niedersachsen (KFN) gibt es zur Beantwortung dieser Fragen ein auf mehrere Jahre angelegtes Forschungsprogramm, das 2005 mit einer in elf westdeutschen Städten und Landkreisen durchgeführten Schülerbefragung begonnen hat. 14.301 Neuntklässler und 5.529 Viertklässler haben Fragen zu ihrer Mediennutzung und ihrer Familie, ihrem schulischen Umfeld und ihrem Freizeitverhalten beantwortet. Ein zentraler Aspekt war dabei, welche Rolle die Medien in diesem Beziehungsgeflecht spielen und mit welchen Entwicklungen besonders intensiver Medienkonsum von Kindern und Jugendlichen einhergeht.Das Buch vermittelt einen Überblick der einschlägigen Medienwirkungsforschung und ordnet die Befragungsergebnisse des KFN in den Kontext der internationalen Forschung ein.

Biological Activity of Natural Secondary Metabolite Products

Authors:
ISBN: 9783038971740 9783038971757 Year: Pages: 466 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-175-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Anthropology --- Biology --- Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-20 12:02:36
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

ca. 200 words; this text will present the book in all promotional forms (e.g. flyers). Please describe the book in straightforward and consumer-friendly terms. [Natural secondary metabolite products, which are isolated from plants, animals, microorganisms, etc., are classified as polyketides, isoprenoids, aromatics (phenylpropanoids), alkaloids, etc. Their chemical diversity and variety of biological activities have attracted the attention of chemists, biochemists, biologists, etc. The Special Issue on "Biological Activity of Natural Secondary Metabolite Products" is intended to offer biological active natural products as candidates and/or leads for pharmaceuticals, dietary supplements, functional foods, cosmetics, food additives, etc. The research fields of this Special Issue include natural products chemistry, phytochemistry, pharmacognosy, food chemistry, bioorganic synthetic chemistry, chemical biology, molecular biology, molecular pharmacology, and other related research fields of bioactive natural secondary metabolite products. Original research and review articles on all topics in these research fields are invited. I am looking forward to receiving many submissions from outstanding experts in these research fields.]

Chapter 4 Boundary crossing (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367182915 9780429060687 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-28 11:21:11
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Child safeguarding has come to the forefront of public debate in the UK in the aftermath of a series of highly publicised incidents of child sexual exploitation and abuse. These have exposed the inadequacies and failings of inter-organisational relations between police and key partners. While the discourse of policing partnerships is now accepted wisdom, progress has been distinctly hesitant. This paper contributes to understanding both the challenges and opportunities presented through working across organisational boundaries in the context of safeguarding children. It draws on a study of relations within one of the largest Safeguarding Children partnerships in England, developing insights from Etienne Wenger regarding the potential of ‘communities of practice’ that innovate on the basis of everyday learning through ‘boundary work’. We demonstrate how such networked approaches expose the differential power relations and sites of conflict between organisations but also provide possibilities to challenge introspective cultures and foster organisational learning. We argue that crucial in cultivating effective ‘communities of practice’ are: shared commitment and purpose; relations of trust; balanced exchange of information and resources; mutual respect for difference; and an open and mature dialogue over possible conflicts. Boundary crossing can open opportunities to foster increased reflexivity among policing professionals, prompting critical self-reflection on values, ongoing reassessment of assumptions and questioning of terminology. Yet, there is an inherent tension in that the learning and innovative potential afforded by emergent ‘communities of practice’ derives from the coexistence and interplay between both the depth of knowledge within practices and active boundaries across practices.

Chapter 5: 'Target Suitability and the Crime Drop' from book: The Criminal Act: The Role and Influence of Routine Activity Theory

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781137391322 Year: Pages: 17 DOI: 10.1057/9781137391322_5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 17:12:36
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This chapter is open access under a CC BY license. It is from The Criminal Act: The Role and Influence of Routine Activity Theory, edited by Martin A. Andresen and Graham Farrell. The full volume provides a unique collection of essays in honour of the work of Marcus Felson and his notable contribution to routine activity theory, environmental criminology and the discipline more broadly.

Chapter 9: 'Crowd Spatial Patterns at Bus Stops: Security Implications and Effects of Warning Messages' from book: Safety and Security in Transit Environments: An Interdisciplinary Approach

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781137556363 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.1057/9781137457653_9 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-18 11:42:04
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This is a chapter from Safety and Security in Transit Environments: An Interdisciplinary Approach edited by Vania Ceccato and Andrew Newton. This chapter is available open access under a CC BY license. As other chapters in Safety and Security in Transit Environments assert, crimes such as pickpocketing can concentrate near bus stops, and crowding and congestion is a factor that heightens this risk. But to target interventions effectively, it is useful to determine what local-level interactions characterise this crowding behaviour. This paper aims to provide a first step to using data collected from laboratory experiments to address questions from crime and transport research. The experiment considered differences in interpersonal distances to further analyse crowding behaviour to attain further insight that could narrow the focus of possible interventions. Audio warnings are examined as a possible solution, and findings show that crowding peaks when passengers board the bus, and audio messages may be one approach for addressing this. To conclude, implications of identifying boarding as a problem area, and the effectiveness of warning messages as a situational crime prevention tool are discussed.

Community-Oriented Policing and Technological Innovations

Authors: ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Policing ISSN: 2194-6213 ISBN: 9783319892931 9783319892948 Year: Pages: 131 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-89294-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: European Commission
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 15:58:56
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This Brief presents new approaches and innovative challenges to address bringing technology into community-oriented policing efforts. “Community-oriented policing” is an approach that encourages police to develop and maintain personal relationships with citizens and community organizations. By developing these partnerships, the goal is to enhance trust and legitimacy of police by the community (and vice versa), and focus on engaging the community crime prevention and detection efforts for sustainable, long-term crime reduction. The contributions to this volume emphasize how technological innovations can advance community-oriented policing goals, such as: -Strengthening community policing principles through effective and efficient tools, procedures and approaches - Accelerating communication between citizens and police forces - Early identification, timely intervention, as well as better crime reporting, identification of risks, unreported and undiscovered crime through the community Contributions to this volume were developed out of the Next Generation Community Policing (NGCP) International Conference was co-organized by nine contributing research and development projects, funded by the Horizon 2020 SECURITY Program of the European Commission. It will be of interest to researchers in criminology and criminal justice, as well as related fields such as sociology, public health, security, IT and public policy.

Conclusion: Implementing innovative social investment (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781447351900 9781447347828 9781447347842 9781447347859 9781447347866 Year: Pages: 22 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-05 09:51:02
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. The turn towards a Social Investment approach to welfare implies deploying resources to enhance human capital and mobilise the productive potential of citizens, starting in early childhood. This edited collection brings regional and local realities to the forefront of social investment debates by showcasing successes, challenges and setbacks of Social Investment policies and services from ten European countries: Italy, UK, Sweden, Finland, Greece, Germany, Poland, the Netherlands, Hungary, and Spain. It provides practical, accessible illustrations of good practice, routes to success, and lessons learned. The book is informed throughout by engagement with service users and local communities, and features many previously unheard voices including front-line workers, local decision makers, volunteers and beneficiaries."

Listing 1 - 10 of 72 << page
of 8
>>