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16 Surgery and Emotion (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781349952601 Year: Pages: 22 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-95260-1_16 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Surgery --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:11
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In this chapter I have endeavoured to demonstrate the ways in which an approach that takes the emotions seriously might nuance and complicate our understandings of the history of pre-anaesthetic surgery. In general, historians have tended to focus on the operations of surgical dispassion, or what we might now term clinical detachment. What this research suggests, however, is that compassion and emotional expression played a surprisingly important role in shaping the cultures of early nineteenth-century operative surgery as well as the identities of its practitioners. In the decades immediately preceding the advent of anaesthesia, pain became a central concern of surgical discourse and the response to this concern was shaped by the cultures of sentiment and sensibility. However, this culture of compassion was no ‘natural’ reaction to a self-evident problem. Rather, it was a culturally and historically contingent phenomenon which could be harnessed to the ideologies and ambitions of medical reform. In the hands of men like John Bell and Thomas Wakley, the image of the surgeon as a man of refined and honest sentiment was linked to a critique of the medical and surgical ancien regime, providing an idealised representation of a more expert, meritocratic and altruistic profession.

18 Surgery, Imperial Rule and Colonial Societies (1800–1930) (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781349952601 Year: Pages: 19 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-95260-1_18 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Surgery --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:11
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The following chapter is concerned with the ways in which political, social and cultural contexts shape the performance and perceptions of surgery, especially under nineteenth-century colonial empires.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm - From Basic Research to Clinical Practice

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ISBN: 9781789853438 9781789853445 9781838807795 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71279 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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This book, intended for all physicians who are facing patients with abdominal aortic aneurysms, has been assembled by interested, invited authors and contains important topics from basic research to clinical practice. Experimental studies focus on biomechanical and biochemical factors. In clinical practice, the decision to treat, based on risk-benefit ratio, is very delicate in patients with concomitant malignant diseases. Periprocedural risk is determined by anatomy, while aneurysms causing neck pain are one of the most frequent challenges for both open and endovascular methods. Finally, careful planning is crucial. Postoperative complications are different from post-implantation syndrome, which is still an underestimated problem, toward detection and treatment of endoleaks and eventual conversion.

Advanced Concepts in Endocarditis

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ISBN: 9781789236262 9781789236279 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71280 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Endocarditis is a disease process that involves an infection of the heart, cardiac structures, or implantable cardiac support devices and can be a difficult clinical problem. As patients get older and have more comorbidities, their risks for infection increase. In addition, the growing problem of intravenous substance abuse has led to a considerable increase in these patients developing endocarditis. Advances in medical technology have facilitated diagnosis and management, particularly with greater emphasis on early surgical intervention. Nevertheless, success requires a team approach and individualization of care in the setting of very complex medical, surgical, and ethical problems. The goal of this book is to illustrate some of the evolving challenges and controversies in managing these very complex and often extremely sick patients.

Advances in Shoulder Surgery

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ISBN: 9781789230161 9781789230178 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.5772/66683 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The goal of this book is to provide readers with an update on recent developments in surgical treatment of some shoulder disorders. The perspective of this book involves highlighting management of complex shoulder conditions in better ways. This book is divided into four main sections: 'Repair' involves chapters related to primary repair; 'Replacement' section provides detailed perspective on shoulder replacement procedures for different conditions; 'Reconstruction' includes a chapter on reconstructive procedures where primary repair is not possible; and lastly 'Rehab and Miscellaneous' section includes chapters on surgical management of rheumatoid arthritis and rehab. Individual chapters provide a base for a wide range of readers including students, professors, physiotherapists and orthopaedic surgeons, who will find in this book simply explained basics as well as advanced techniques of shoulder surgeries. The book consists of ten chapeters, compiled by experts from institutes across the globe.

Aortic Stenosis - Current Perspectives

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ISBN: 9781789238518 9781789238525 9781839622328 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.78174 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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As the most common cardiac valve disease, aortic stenosis is frequently encountered by healthcare providers in clinical practice. It may be suspected from a cardiac murmur found at a routine clinical exam, signs on ECG, heart failure, or an episode of syncope or arrhythmia. Echocardiography as well as other imaging tools provide information about the degree of severity of the stenosis. Nevertheless, careful judgement of potential symptoms is crucial. When it comes to treatment, a catheter-based approach has emerged as the preferred option in many cases, even though open-chest surgery is still standard treatment. Regardless of treatment modality, a multidisciplinary team is needed to provide optimal management of patients with aortic stenosis. This book provides all the necessary information on aortic stenosis, including etiology, diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up.

The Art of Body Contouring

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ISBN: 9781789841954 9781789841961 9781789841848 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.77653 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Body contouring surgery is one of the most common procedures performed by plastic surgeons worldwide. New technologies have been developed in all areas of medicine, and aesthetic surgery is no exception. Body contouring surgery is a very passionate field that demands careful planning and flawless execution. This is why we have gathered a group of clinicians and scientists with vast experience in body contouring surgery to discuss breast and body contouring surgery as the main objectives in this book.

Arthroplasty - A Comprehensive Review

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ISBN: 9789535122432 9789535142102 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.5772/59210 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book is aimed at giving an overview of the field of arthroplasty and covers arthroplasty of several regions starting from the cervical spine to the ankle. While the current trend is focusing on one particular joint, sometimes having an understanding of the entire subject and cross learning from various subspecialties play a key role in evolving the science. The book is precisely meant to do that, exposing the readers to various types of arthroplasties. It also touches on failures and complications like infections to ensure that the subject is dealt with in a comprehensive manner. Radiology and investigations form an important element for successful outcomes and so does being informed about the newer developments in the field. The chapters on 3D printing and PRP ensure that the all the subjects from the very basic to what can be expected on the horizon are well covered.

Body Contouring and Sculpting

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ISBN: 9789535128298 9789535128304 9789535141358 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: 10.5772/62515 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Over the past decades, surgical techniques have greatly progressed to improve and correct appearance. They are artistic procedures to give the highly demanded proportions. The growing public interest in aesthetic and plastic surgery interventions such as body contouring and sculpting requires clear description and differentiation of these highly sophisticated techniques, their results and combinations, as well as scientific information about the different instrumentation, devices and materials used. Such clarification will be hugely beneficial both for patients and doctors, having in mind the increasing number of such interventions and progressing interest for a better and healthy living including improved appearance in society. The book adds some scientific news to the understanding of body contouring treatments. Currently, the request for atraumatic, short downtime procedures predominates and demonstrates the importance of hi-tech and safe liposculpture and fat transfer, although they cannot totally replace surgical excision methods.

Bone Grafting - Recent Advances with Special References to Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery

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ISBN: 9781789848823 9781789848830 Year: Pages: 130 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73956 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This valuable book presents clinical experiences and research of bone grafting. Bone grafting is an essential technique practiced by craniofacial, maxillofacial, orthopedic, neuro, reconstructive and oral surgeons. Bone grafting can be used for reconstruction and restoring missing bone in trauma and tumor surgery of the facial bone or in road traffic accidents with multiple injuries and in post-traumatic missile war injuries to the face or limbs. Bone grafts, in the form of Kummoona Chondro-Ossous graft or Costo-Chondral graft, are used for reconstruction of damage TMJ for restoration of growth, function, and repair. Bone grafting is a surgical procedure where the iliac crest or rib or tibia is used to perform grafting. In this book, we examine the experimental studies on rabbits to understand the cellular changes associated with bone grafting. From this, we noticed that mesenchymal stem cells and growth factor are released from platelets and these play an important role in healing the bone graft. We recommend this valuable book to all cranio-maxillofacial, orthopedic, plastic, reconstructive, neuro and oral surgeons and to all postgraduate students studying bone grafting.

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