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L'accident majeur de Fukushima

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9782759807369 Year: Language: French
Publisher: EDP SCIENCES
Subject: Chemical Technology --- Nuclear Physics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-31 10:33:08
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« Le 11 mars 2011, le district Nord-Est du Japon a été frappé par un tremblement de terre massif suivi d’un tsunami majeur et d’une série d’accidents à la centrale nucléaire de Fukushima avec fuites d’éléments radioactifs ». Tel est le message que le professeur Kanazawa, président du Science Council of Japan (SCJ) adressa quelques jours après la catastrophe aux présidents des académies des sciences étrangère …

International Cooperation for Enhancing Nuclear Safety, Security, Safeguards and Non-proliferation–60 Years of IAEA and EURATOM: Proceedings of the XX Edoardo Amaldi Conference, Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, Rome, Italy, October 9-10, 2017

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Book Series: Springer Proceedings in Physics ISSN: 0930-8989 ISBN: 9783662573655 9783662573662 Year: Volume: 206 Pages: 220 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-57366-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: European Commission
Subject: Nuclear Physics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 11:14:44
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This open access book examines key aspects of international cooperation to enhance nuclear safety, security, safeguards, and non-proliferation, thereby assisting in development and maintenance of the verification regime and fostering progress toward a nuclear weapon-free world. The book opens by addressing important political, institutional, and legal dimensions. Current challenges are discussed and attempts made to identify possible solutions and future improvements. Subsequent sections consider scientific developments that have the potential to increase the effectiveness of implementation of international regimes, particularly in critical areas, technology foresight, and the ongoing evaluation of current capabilities. The closing sections examine scientific and technical challenges and discuss the role of international cooperation and actions of the scientific community in leading the world toward peace and security. The book – which celebrates 60 years of IAEA Atoms for Peace and Development and the EURATOM Treaty – comprises contributions presented at the XX Edoardo Amaldi Conference, where eminent scientists, diplomats, and policymakers were able to compare national perspectives and update international collaborations.

Gamma Radiation

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ISBN: 9789535103165 Year: Pages: 334 DOI: 10.5772/2054 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Nuclear Physics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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This book brings new research insights on the properties and behavior of gamma radiation, studies from a wide range of options of gamma radiation applications in Nuclear Physics, industrial processes, Environmental Science, Radiation Biology, Radiation Chemistry, Agriculture and Forestry, sterilization, food industry, as well as the review of both advantages and problems that are present in these applications. The book is primarily intended for scientific workers who have contacts with gamma radiation, such as staff working in nuclear power plants, manufacturing industries and civil engineers, medical equipment manufacturers, oncologists, radiation therapists, dental professionals, universities and the military, as well as those who intend to enter the world of applications and problems of gamma radiation. Because of the global importance of gamma radiation, the content of this book will be interesting for the wider audience as well.

Ion Beam Applications

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ISBN: 9781789234145 9781789234152 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71589 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Nuclear Physics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Ion beam of various energies is a standard research tool in many areas of science, from basic physics to diverse areas in space science and technology, device fabrications, materials science, environment science, and medical sciences. It is an advance and versatile tool to frequently discover applications across a broad range of disciplines and fields. Moreover, scientists are continuously improving the ion beam sources and accelerators to explore ion beam at the forefront of scientific endeavours. This book provides a glance view on MeV ion beam applications, focused ion beam generation and its applications as well as practical applications of ion implantation.

Ionizing Radiation Effects and Applications

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ISBN: 9789535139539 9789535139546 9789535140467 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68295 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Nuclear Physics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The benefits of ionizing radiations have been largely demonstrated through many achievements of human life. Understanding the fundamental elementary interactions of ionizing radiations with material has allowed the development of various applications needed by different industries. This book draws some facets of their applications, such as hardening process for semiconductor devices, biomedical imaging by radiation luminescent quantum dots, hydrogen gas detection by Raman lidar sensor for explosion risk assessment, water and wastewater purification by radiation treatment for environment, doping by the neutron transmutation doping for the semiconductor industry, and polymerization by irradiation, which is useful for industries requiring resistant and protective coating. I wish the chapters of this book can provide some helpful information on ionizing radiation applications.

Agricultural Implications of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident

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ISBN: 9784431543275 9784431543282 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-54328-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Manufactures --- Nuclear Physics --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Agriculture (General) --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Business and Management --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:15:49
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Following the Fukushima nuclear accident, a large volume of monitoring data has been collected about the soil, air, dust, and seawater, along with data about an immense number of foods supplied to the market. Little is known, however, about the effect of radioactive fallout on agriculture, information about which is vital. Although more than 80% of the damaged area is related to agriculture, in situ information specifically for agriculture is scarce. This book provides data about the actual movement and accumulation of radioactivity in the ecological system—for example, whether debris deposited on mountains can be a cause of secondary contamination, under what conditions plants accumulate radioactive cesium in their edible parts, and how radioactivity is transferred from hay to milk. Because agriculture is so closely related to nature, many specialists with different areas of expertise must be involved in answering these questions. In the case of rice, researchers in rice cultivation as well as in soil, hydrology, and radioactivity measurement are working together to reveal the paths or accumulation of radioactivity in the field. For this purpose, the Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences of The University of Tokyo has diverse facilities available throughout Japan, including farmlands, forests, and meadowlands. Many academic staff members have formed groups to conduct on-site research, with more than 40 volunteers participating. This book presents the data collected from the only project being systematically carried out across Japan after the Fukushima accident.

The major accident at Fukushima

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9782759807550 Year: Language: English
Publisher: EDP SCIENCES
Subject: Nuclear Physics --- Chemical Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-31 13:15:19
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“On March 11, 2011, the North-East of Japan was struck by a huge earthquake followed by a major tsunami and a series of accidents that took place at the nuclear power site at Fukushima, with emissions of radioactive elements”. This was the message addressed by Prof. Kanazawa, President of the Science Council of Japan (SCJ), only a few days after the catastrophe, to his colleagues Presidents of the Science Academies, adding that he nourished the hope the “the academies would continue in the future to help with the necessary rehabilitation work”. The idea arose immediately to set up an ad hoc academic Working Party, with the assigned mission to analyse the events that had taken place in Japan, to make a status report regarding seismic and nuclear risks both in metropolitan France and in overseas territories and to draw conclusions and make recommendations as deemed appropriate to the situation. The academic Working Party comprised three separate sub-groups, each dealing with one of the three aspects – seismic, nuclear and medical – of the drama as it unfolded. For each of these components, objects of the three parts of this report, the analysis of observed events in Fukushima was supplemented by a reflection o the strengths and weaknesses of these areas in France, in order to formulate the necessary recommendations and to answer scientific and societal question public arises. Although uncertainties remain and that new information still come each month to enrich the record, the enclosed reports seemed complete enough to be published in the state, after the anniversary of this tragedy that will long continue to challenge us.

Radiation Monitoring and Dose Estimation of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident

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ISBN: 9784431545828 9784431545835 Year: Pages: 223 DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-54583-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Nuclear Physics --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 12:56:57
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This book provides comprehensive research findings related to the environmental monitoring of radiation, levels of radioactive nuclides in various environments and dose estimation in residents after the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident caused severe environmental contamination with radioactive nuclides. At the beginning of the book, a technical review written by a leading researcher of nuclear reactor technology explains what happened at the power plant. The review is followed by a commentary from a former member of the International Commission on Radiological Protection, providing the reader with easily understandable information about the concept of radiation dosage. In the main part of the book, a series of scientific reports presents valuable data on the radiation surveys of the environment, environmental radioactivity, transfer models and parameters of radioactive nuclides and dose assessment among residents. These reports present a wide range of findings from the research carried out in a variety of activities by large governmental organizations as well as by small private groups and individuals. The reader thus will find a large collection of valuable and interesting data related to the environmental contamination by radioactive nuclides after the Fukushima accident. Although earlier reports on this issue have been made public, this book is the only publication to fully depict the actual situation by providing comprehensive data obtained by diverse organizations and individuals.

New Insights on Gamma Rays

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ISBN: 9789535131618 9789535131625 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.5772/62969 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Nuclear Physics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Gamma radiation has been discovered since more than a century and contributed in many achievements in human life. Continuous developments make it necessary to have more understandings and more discussions about well-established concepts as well as newly implemented hypothesis and applications of gamma rays. This book presents new visions of gamma ray spectrometry and applications. I hope this book can present part of the useful applications of gamma rays.

Proteção Contra Radiações na Comunidade de Países de Língua Portuguesa

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Book Series: Documentos ISBN: 9789892616018 Year: DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1602-5 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Nuclear Physics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-23 16:21:06
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This volume results from a challenge to the academic community of Radiation Protection of the Portuguese Speaking Countries made by the Portuguese Radiation Protection Society and the Brasilian Radiological Protection Society. It presents the state of the art in the fields of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation, from environmental up to medical applications.

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