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Bayesian Inference

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ISBN: 9789535135777 9789535135784 Year: Pages: 378 DOI: 10.5772/66264 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Statistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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The range of Bayesian inference algorithms and their different applications has been greatly expanded since the first implementation of a Kalman filter by Stanley F. Schmidt for the Apollo program. Extended Kalman filters or particle filters are just some examples of these algorithms that have been extensively applied to logistics, medical services, search and rescue operations, or automotive safety, among others. This book takes a look at both theoretical foundations of Bayesian inference and practical implementations in different fields. It is intended as an introductory guide for the application of Bayesian inference in the fields of life sciences, engineering, and economics, as well as a source document of fundamentals for intermediate Bayesian readers.

Bayesian Methods in the Search for MH370

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering ISSN: 2191-8112 ISBN: 9789811003783 9789811003790 Year: Pages: 114 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-0379-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Statistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-03 18:08:34
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This book demonstrates how nonlinear/non-Gaussian Bayesian time series estimation methods were used to produce a probability distribution of potential MH370 flight paths. It provides details of how the probabilistic models of aircraft flight dynamics, satellite communication system measurements, environmental effects and radar data were constructed and calibrated. The probability distribution was used to define the search zone in the southern Indian Ocean. The book describes particle-filter based numerical calculation of the aircraft flight-path probability distribution and validates the method using data from several of the involved aircraft’s previous flights. Finally it is shown how the Reunion Island flaperon debris find affects the search probability distribution.

Empirical Research in Statistics Education

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Book Series: ICME-13 Topical Surveys ISSN: 2366-5947 ISBN: 9783319389677 9783319389684 Year: Pages: 37 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-38968-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Statistics --- Education --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-24 18:03:53
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This ICME-13 Topical Survey provides a review of recent research into statistics education, with a focus on empirical research published in established educational journals and on the proceedings of important conferences on statistics education. It identifies and addresses six key research topics, namely: teachers’ knowledge; teachers’ role in statistics education; teacher preparation; students’ knowledge; students’ role in statistics education; and how students learn statistics with the help of technology. For each topic, the survey builds upon existing reviews, complementing them with the latest research.

Extreme Values and Financial Risk

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038974390 / 9783038974406 Year: Pages: 114 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-440-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Statistics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 11:24:07
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Since the 2008 financial crisis, modeling of the extreme values of financial risk has become important. Postgraduate programs and PhD research programs in mathematical finance are cropping up in nearly every university. Additionally, many conferences are being held annually on the topic of extreme financial risk. The aim of this Special Issue is to provide a collection of papers from leading experts in the area of extreme financial risk

The Challenge of Chance: A Multidisciplinary Approach from Science and the Humanities

Authors: ---
Book Series: The Frontiers Collection ISSN: 1612-3018 ISBN: 9783319262987 9783319263007 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-26300-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Statistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-24 17:28:09
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This book presents a multidisciplinary perspective on chance, with contributions from distinguished researchers in the areas of biology, cognitive neuroscience, economics, genetics, general history, law, linguistics, logic, mathematical physics, statistics, theology and philosophy. The individual chapters are bound together by a general introduction followed by an opening chapter that surveys 2500 years of linguistic, philosophical, and scientific reflections on chance, coincidence, fortune, randomness, luck and related concepts. A main conclusion that can be drawn is that, even after all this time, we still cannot be sure whether chance is a truly fundamental and irreducible phenomenon, in that certain events are simply uncaused and could have been otherwise, or whether it is always simply a reflection of our ignorance. Other challenges that emerge from this book include a better understanding of the contextuality and perspectival character of chance (including its scale-dependence), and the curious fact that, throughout history (including contemporary science), chance has been used both as an explanation and as a hallmark of the absence of explanation. As such, this book challenges the reader to think about chance in a new way and to come to grips with this endlessly fascinating phenomenon.

Fundamentals for the Anthropocene

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ISBN: 9783110567311 Year: Pages: 135 DOI: 10.1515/9783110567311 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Statistics --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-11 11:41:35
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This book seeks to bridge the gap between leading edge scholarship about the nature of the physical, tangible Universe and the nature of the life process on Earth on the one hand, and on the other hand challenges facing human society as to the current revolution in energy sources, national and international levels of political and economic organization, and humanity`s impacts upon the global ecosystem which have given rise to the depiction of a new era in earthlife termed the anthropocene.The author`s public career included responsibilities for economic policy formulation and implementation at the United States Department of Justice, the United States Agency for International Development, and a White House Office of Consumer Affairs. This provided an elevated overview of many current economic and political issues.These responsibilities stimulated a multi-decade exploration of leading academics` insights into the relational structuring of the Universe, non-equilibrium thermodynamics, complexity in the universe, and the structure of the life process. This book applies such fundamental insights to the question whether humanity will succeed or fail in its ambitious but uncertain quest.

Time Predictions: Understanding and Avoiding Unrealism in Project Planning and Everyday Life

Authors: ---
Book Series: Simula SpringerBriefs on Computing ISBN: 9783319749525 9783319749532 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: 110 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-74953-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Simula Research Laboratory
Subject: Statistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-20 18:40:07
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Predicting the time needed to complete a project, task or daily activity can be difficult and people frequently underestimate how long an activity will take. This book sheds light on why and when this happens, what we should do to avoid it and how to give more realistic time predictions. It describes methods for predicting time usage in situations with high uncertainty, explains why two plus two is usually more than four in time prediction contexts, reports on research on time prediction biases, and summarizes the evidence in support of different time prediction methods and principles. Based on a comprehensive review of the research, it is the first book summarizing what we know about judgment-based time predictions. Large parts of the book are directed toward people wishing to achieve better time predictions in their professional life, such as project managers, graphic designers, architects, engineers, film producers, consultants, software developers, or anyone else in need of realistic time usage predictions. It is also of benefit to those with a general interest in judgment and decision-making or those who want to improve their ability to predict and plan ahead in daily life.

Guide to Sources of Texas Criminal Justice Statistics

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ISBN: 9781574413144 Year:
Publisher: University of North Texas Press
Subject: Statistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-08 09:32:15
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Quantization on Nilpotent Lie Groups

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Book Series: Progress in Mathematics ISSN: 07431643 ISBN: 9783319295572 9783319295589 Year: Volume: 314 Pages: 557 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-29558-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Statistics --- Biotechnology --- Computer Science --- Pharmacy and materia medica
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 11:24:52
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This book presents a consistent development of the Kohn-Nirenberg type global quantization theory in the setting of graded nilpotent Lie groups in terms of their representations. It contains a detailed exposition of related background topics on homogeneous Lie groups, nilpotent Lie groups, and the analysis of Rockland operators on graded Lie groups together with their associated Sobolev spaces. For the specific example of the Heisenberg group the theory is illustrated in detail. In addition, the book features a brief account of the corresponding quantization theory in the setting of compact Lie groups. The monograph is the winner of the 2014 Ferran Sunyer i Balaguer Prize.

Linear Algebra. A Course for Physicists and Engineers

Authors: ---
Book Series: De Gruyter Textbook ISBN: 9783110562507 9783110562590 Year: Pages: xvii, 450 DOI: 10.1515/9783110562507 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Statistics --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-19 17:55:23
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In order not to intimidate students by a too abstract approach, this textbook on linear algebra is written to be easy to digest by non-mathematicians. It introduces the concepts of vector spaces and mappings between them without dwelling on statements such as theorems and proofs too much. It is also designed to be self-contained, so no other material is required for an understanding of the topics covered. As the basis for courses on space and atmospheric science, remote sensing, geographic information systems, meteorology, climate and satellite communications at UN-affiliated regional centers, various applications of the formal theory are discussed as well. These include differential equations, statistics, optimization and some engineering-motivated problems in physics.

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