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Architecture and Fire

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ISBN: 9781787353701 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787353701 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Construction --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:05
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Architecture and Fire develops a conceptual reassessment of architectural conservation through the study of the intimate relationship between architecture and fire. Stamatis Zografos expands on the general agreement among many theorists that the primitive hut was erected around fire – locating fire as the first memory of architecture, at the very beginning of architectural evolution. Following the introduction, Zografos analyses the archive and the renewed interest in the study of archives through the psychoanalysis of Jacques Derrida. He moves on to explore the ambivalent nature of fire, employing the conflicting philosophies of Gaston Bachelard and Henri Bergson to do so, before discussing architectural conservation and the relationship between listed buildings, the function of archives, and the preservation of memories from the past. The following chapter investigates how architecture evolves by absorbing and accommodating fire, while the penultimate chapter examines the critical moment of architectural evolution: the destruction of buildings by fire, with a focus on the tragic disaster at London’s Grenfell Tower in 2017. Zografos concludes with thoughts on Freud’s drive theory. He argues the practice of architectural conservation is an expression of the life drive and a simultaneous repression of the death drive, which suggests controlled destruction should be an integral part of the conservation agenda.

Keywords

architecture --- fire --- psychoanalysis --- Freud

Architecture and the Novel under the Italian Fascist Regime

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030194284 Year: Pages: 229 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-19428-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Arts in general --- Architecture --- Languages and Literatures --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:09
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Architecture and the Novel under the Italian Fascist Regime discusses the relationship between the novel and architecture during the Fascist period in Italy (1922-1943). By looking at two profoundly diverse aesthetic phenomena within the context of the creation of a Fascist State art, Billiani and Pennacchietti argue that an effort of construction, or reconstruction, was the main driving force behind both projects: the advocated “revolution” of the novel form (realism) and that of architecture (rationalism). The book is divided into seven chapters, which in turn analyze the interconnections between the novel and architecture in theory and in practice. The first six chapters cover debates on State art, on the novel and on architecture, as well as their historical development and their unfolding in key journals of the period. The last chapter offers a detailed analysis of some important novels and buildings, which have in practice realized some of the key principles articulated in the theoretical disputes.

Architecture et bibliothèque : 20 ans de constructions

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ISBN: 9782375460221 DOI: 10.4000/books.pressesenssib.1206 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’enssib
Subject: Architecture --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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L'architecture des bibliothèques, point de départ ou d'aboutissement à l'existence même de celles-ci, cristallise les questionnements professionnels, et cela de manière encore plus aiguë à l'heure des mondes virtuels : quelles spécificités sont attachées à la construction de tels bâtiments culturels et comment envisager, dans l'architecture même, les évolutions du futur ? Quelles sont les attentes des professionnels, mais aussi des publics ? Comment peut-on insérer un projet de bibliothèque dans le maillage urbain et comment travailler avec les élus ? Pour répondre à ces questions, l'ouvrage Architecture et bibliothèque, 20 ans de constructions a réuni architectes, programmiste, journaliste spécialisée en architecture, conservateurs des bibliothèques, élus, et même dessinateur. Leurs discours s'entrecroisent, tissent un panorama de l'architecture des bibliothèques en France depuis plus de vingt ans et proposent quelques pistes de réflexion pour les évolutions à venir.

Architecture et nature : Contribution à une anthropologie du patrimoine

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782729710491 DOI: 10.4000/books.pul.11127 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Lyon
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-04 12:20:44
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Pourquoi lorsque l'on parle de la nature en France et au Brésil, nous ne parlons pas tout à fait de la même chose ? En quoi la notion même de paysage n'a jamais la neutralité qu'on lui attribue, mais s'inscrit dans des rapports de pouvoir ? Pourquoi l'architecture et l'urbanisme, comme l'anthropologie, qui sont des pensées de l'espace, renvoient-ils sans cesse au temps et à l'histoire? Ce sont quelques-unes des questions posées par des architectes, des anthropologues, des sociologues français et brésiliens réunis pendant deux jours au Centre Thomas More dans le couvent construit par Le Corbusier. Le fil conducteur de cet ouvrage est une réflexion sur le patrimoine en tant que nature reconsidérée et passé recomposé, permettant de penser ensemble la nature et cette forme de culture qu'est l'architecture.

Keywords

architecture --- nature --- patrimoine --- paysage --- écologie --- urbanisme

Architecture et urbanisme dans la France de Vichy

Authors:
ISBN: 9782722605244 DOI: 10.4000/books.cdf.8878 Language: French
Publisher: Collège de France
Subject: Architecture --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:28
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Qu’en fut-il de l’architecture et de l’urbanisme sous l’Occupation ? Si les travaux sur la France de Vichy foisonnent, le champ architectural et urbain est longtemps resté ignoré. Les politiques conduites en la matière ne sauraient se mesurer à la quantité d’édifices réalisés, mais plutôt à l’ampleur des réorganisations administratives – telle la création de l’Ordre des architectes en décembre 1940 – ou à l’abondante production de textes et de plans. Les architectes furent-ils majoritairement collaborateurs et profiteurs de guerre, dans des contextes allant de la spoliation des biens des Juifs à la pressante reconstruction des villes détruites ? Quel rôle jouèrent des architectes comme Le Corbusier ou Auguste Perret ? Quelle place les langages architecturaux ont-ils réservé au moderne et à la tradition ? Quel enseignement dispensait-on dans les écoles ? Sans prétendre en dévoiler toutes les continuités et les ruptures, l’ouvrage pose de front la question des politiques architecturales et urbaines mises en oeuvre sous le régime de Vichy, de leurs origines et de leur héritage.

Architecture in the Anthropocene

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Book Series: Critical Climate Change ISBN: 9781607853077 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.3998/ohp.12527215.0001.001 Language: English
Publisher: Open Humanities Press
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-11 11:01:09
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Research regarding the significance and consequence of anthropogenic transformations of the earth’s land, oceans, biosphere and climate have demonstrated that, from a wide variety of perspectives, it is very likely that humans have initiated a new geological epoch, their own. First labeled the Anthropocene by the chemist Paul Crutzen, the consideration of the merits of the Anthropocene thesis by the International Commission on Stratigraphy and the International Union of Geological Sciences has also garnered the attention of philosophers, historians, and legal scholars, as well as an increasing number of researchers from a range of scientific backgrounds. Architecture in the Anthropocene: Encounters Among Design, Deep Time, Science and Philosophy intensifies the potential of this multidisciplinary discourse by bringing together essays, conversations, and design proposals that respond to the “geological imperative” for contemporary architecture scholarship and practice. Contributors include Nabil Ahmed, Meghan Archer, Adam Bobbette, Emily Cheng, Heather Davis, Sara Dean, Seth Denizen, Mark Dorrian, Elizabeth Grosz, Lisa Hirmer, Jane Hutton, Eleanor Kaufman, Amy Catania Kulper, Clinton Langevin, Michael C.C. Lin, Amy Norris, John Palmesino, Chester Rennie, François Roche, Ann-Sofi Rönnskog, Isabelle Stengers, Paulo Tavares, Etienne Turpin, Eyal Weizman, Jane Wolff, Guy Zimmerman.

Keywords

philosophy --- anthropocene --- architecture --- design --- science --- geology

Architecture, Modernity, Modernization : Inaugural Lecture delivered on Thursday 21 May 2014

Authors:
ISBN: 9782722605411 DOI: 10.4000/books.cdf.9467 Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:28
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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The history of architecture constantly combines two perspectives: one is panoramic and turned towards urban ensembles so as to reveal social or technical policies, while the other looks in close shot at buildings, their interior, and their reflection of the ideals and engagement of their creators and occupants. By articulating the thoughts of twentieth-century theoreticians, philosophers, writers and architects (such as Mies van der Rohe, Wright, or Le Corbusier), Jean-Louis Cohen offers a new approach to architecture as a subject of inquiry and as a practice – one that is rooted in cultural history and in its human dimension.

Der Architekt in der Frühen Neuzeit

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Book Series: Höfische Kultur Interdisziplinär (HKI) - Schriften und Materialien des Rudolstädter Arbeitskreiss zur Residenzkultur ISBN: 9783947732791 9783947732784 Year: Pages: 568 DOI: 10.17885/heiup.580 Language: German
Publisher: Heidelberg University Publishing (heiUP)
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-26 11:21:02
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The profession of architect underwent the decisive stages of its professionalisation during the early modern period of the Holy Roman Empire (approx. 1500-1800). As a rule, multiple training courses in the artistic, military and scientific fields prepared the architects for a broad range of professional tasks. As “Baumeister” (head architects) with building authorities, they introduced an efficient division of labour in design, planning, execution and administration, and were sometimes able to pursue remarkable careers. This volume examines the cultural, social and administrative factors that contributed to the artistic work of architects.

Architekten- und Designer-Ehepaar Jacques und Jacqueline Groag

Authors:
ISBN: 9783205773009 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_574824 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3571
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:01:40
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This manuscript is based on the results of a research project (No. 7726), carried out at the Institute for the History of Art (University of Vienna) under the direction of Professor Dr. Peter Haiko, and sponsored by the Jubilee Funds of the Austrian National Bank. The artists Jacques Groag (b. Olomouc, February 5, 1892, d. London, January 26, 1962) and his wife Jacqueline (née Hilde Blumberger, b.Prague, April 6, 1903, d. London, January 13, 1986) belong to those representatives of the Viennese Modernists between the two World Wars who are now forgotten, due to the fact that, being Jews, they were forced to emigrate in 1938. In the early phase of his career Jacques Groag worked as an assistant and executing architect for Adolf Loos (Moller house, 1927) and Ludwig Wittgenstein (Wittgenstein house, 1928) and co-operated with the interior designers Friedl Dicker and Franz Singer (Heller tennis club house, 1928). After that, in independent practice he realized a considerable number of remarkable architectural projects in Vienna and native Moravia (now Czech Republic), among others a pair of semi-detached houses at the Werkbundsiedlung, a house for the actress Paula Wessely, a country house for the industrialist Otto Eisler, several houses for other private clients, but also industrial buildings. At this time he was regarded as one of the most important followers of Adolf Loos. He also enjoyed remarkable success as a designer of interiors, and was befriended to many Viennese artists such as the painters Sergius Pauser and Josef Dobrowsky, the sculptor Georg Ehrlich and the photographer Trude Fleischmann. His wife Jacqueline, a student of Franz Cizek and Josef Hoffmann at the Wiener Kunstgewerbeschule, between the wars was active as a designer of textiles for the Wiener Werkstätte and for fashion houses in Paris. After the couple's emigration to England in 1939 Jacques Groag could only find commissions as a designer of interiors and furniture, but found no opportunity to realize architectural projects. As a team, Jacques and Jacqueline made important contributions to prominent exhibitions on British design in the post-war period. Jacqueline, who outlived her husband for more than twenty years, continued her career as a successful textile designer until her late age.

Architektur immaterieller Arbeit

Authors:
ISBN: 9783851327052 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_441449 Language: German
Publisher: Turia und Kant Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 49
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:31
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The book takes up the (post-)operaist concept of immaterial labour (cf. Maurizio Lazzarato: 1998, Toni Negri, Michael Hardt: 2000) and relates it to spatial processes and architectural projects from the 1960s. The book’s title is the hypotheses of its investigation. It allows to be exemplified with the following questions: Do we find, parallel to a dominant cultural practice of immaterial labour new forms and orders of architecture? Which forms does it take on? Or does workplace architecture disappear at all parallel to the blurring of the formerly clearly marked spaces of the factory?

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