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Aerosols - Science and Case Studies

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ISBN: 9789535128434 9789535128441 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.5772/62964 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Aerosols have a significant impact on technological processes and human activities. In many cases, aerosols are at the core of human health, environmental and technological problems (climate change and air quality). However, aerosols can be successfully used in industry and technology (new materials, fire suppression and fuel delivery). The current scientific status of aerosol modelling and simulation and measurements and some advances in computational techniques, particle measurement technologies and practical applications of aerosols are reviewed and considered in this book. This book also includes a number of case studies focused on analysis of optical thickness and air quality in various regions.

Agent-Based Modelling and Landscape Change

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038422808 9783038422815 Year: Pages: XII, 314 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-281-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-13 14:09:44
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The use of agent-based models (ABMs) and modelling for understanding landscape change and dynamics continues to grow. One reason for the popularity of ABMs is that they provide a framework to represent multiple, discrete, multi-faceted, heterogeneous actors (human or otherwise) and their relationships and interactions between one another and their environment, through time and across space. This collection showcases innovative uses of ABMs for investigating and explaining landscape change and dynamics and to explore and identify how researchers in different disciplines can learn from one another to further innovate. The diverse range of processes and landscapes that ABMs are currently used to examine is clearly demonstrated, including: land-use decision making in agricultural landscapes; soil erosion in semi-arid environments; forest change in mountainous landscapes; trade in 1st Century BC southern France; social adaptations of herders in northern Mongolia; and malaria epidemiology in Kenya. A range of agent-based representation is used from the implied presence of agents, through comparing heterogeneous vs. aggregated representation of human activity, to alternative means of parameterizing individual agent behaviour. The collection will be of interest to all interested in innovative agent-based modelling for understanding landscape change, its causes and consequences for sustainability in the Anthropocene.

Alltagskulturen in den Slums von Nairobi -- Eine geographiedidaktische Studie zum kritisch-reflexiven Umgang mit Raumbildern

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Book Series: Sozial- und Kulturgeographie ISBN: 9783839447741 9783837647747 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.14361/9783839447741 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-12 11:21:02
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Mittels der Methode »reflexive Fotografie« stellt Andreas Eberth Alltagskulturen von Jugendlichen dar, die in den Slums von Nairobi geboren wurden, dort aufgewachsen sind und noch immer dort leben. Darauf basierend entwickelt er ein Konzept für den Geographieunterricht, das durch die Schulung einer kritisch-reflexiven Bildkompetenz dazu beiträgt, die Perspektiven auf das Leben im kenianischen Slum zu differenzieren. Mit diesem exemplarischen Raumbeispiel werden Ansätze aufgezeigt, wie es gelingen kann, im Schulunterricht ein differenzierteres »Afrika«-Bild zu vermitteln und Vorurteile abzubauen.

Alternative Economies and Spaces

Authors: ---
Book Series: Global Studies ISBN: 9783837624984 9783839424988 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627770 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100535
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-21 11:01:48
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The volume entails a collection of contributions by leading scholars (Raymond Bryant, Michael K. Goodman, Benjamin Huybrechts, Andrew E.G. Jonas, Roger Lee, Peter North, and Katinka Weber) concerned with alternative modes of economic and social exchange. The cases addressed in these contributions – including credit unions, alternative currencies, sustainable consumption, and social enterprises – deliver valuable insights into how such alternatives are performed at various scales and spaces in relation to and beyond the economic mainstream. In sum, the collection provides vital grounds for both a transition of the economic system towards a more sustainable one, and a reconceptualisation of the economic itself in our scholarly thinking and everyday lives.

Antipodes

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Book Series: Australian History ISBN: 9781925377323 9781925377354 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_628138 Language: English
Publisher: Monash University Publishing Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100428
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-27 11:01:31
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This book is a new history of an ancient geography. It reassesses the evidence for why Europeans believed a massive southern continent existed, and why they advocated for its discovery. When ships were equal to ambitions, explorers set out to find and claim Terra Australis. Antipodes charts these voyages—voyages both through the imagination and across the High Seas—in pursuit of the mythical Terra Australis. In doing so, the question is asked: how could so many fail to see the realities they encountered? And how is it a mythical land held the gaze of an era famed for breaking free the shackles of superstition? That Terra Australis did not exist didn’t stop explorers pursuing the continent, unwilling to abandon the promise of such a rich and magnificent land till it was stripped of every ounce of value it had ever promised. In the process, the southern continent—an imaginary land—became one of the shaping forces of early modern history. Includes 48 pages of b&w and colour images.

Application of the China Meteorological Assimilation Driving Datasets for the SWAT Model (CMADS) in East Asia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039212354 / 9783039212361 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-236-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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To promote scientific understanding of surface processes in East Asia, we have published details of the CMADS dataset in the journal, Water, and expect that users around the world will learn about CMADS datasets while promoting the development of hydrometeorological disciplines in East Asia. We hope and firmly believe that scientific development in East Asia and our understanding of this typical region will be further advanced.

Keywords

East Asia --- CMADS --- meteorological input uncertainty --- hydrological modelling --- SWAT --- non-point source pollution models --- CMADS --- Qinghai-Tibet Plateau (TP) --- SWAT --- CFSR --- TRMM --- PERSIANN --- PERSIANN-CDR --- CMADS --- satellite-derived rainfall --- streamflow simulation --- SWAT --- Han River --- GLUE --- hydrological model --- ParaSol --- SUFI2 --- uncertainty analysis --- SWAT model --- CMADS --- Lijiang River --- runoff --- uncertainty analysis --- hydrological elements --- statistical analysis --- SWAT --- CMADS --- climate variability --- land use change --- streamflow --- potential evapotranspiration --- Penman-Monteith --- CMADS --- China --- CMADS dataset --- parameter sensitivity --- SUFI-2 --- Yellow River --- reanalysis products --- satellite-based products --- hydrological model --- bayesian model averaging --- Xiang River basin --- total nitrogen --- accumulation --- SWAT model --- CMADS --- Biliuhe reservoir --- CMADS --- SWAT --- East Asia --- meteorological --- hydrological --- precipitation --- TMPA-3B42V7 --- CMADS --- hydrologic model --- uncertainty --- reservoirs --- operation rule --- Noah LSM-HMS --- capacity distribution --- aggregated reservoir --- CMADS --- CMADS --- IMERG --- statistical analysis --- SWAT hydrological simulation --- Jinsha River Basin --- blue and green water flows --- climate variability --- sensitivity analysis --- Erhai Lake Basin --- CMADS --- SWAT --- JBR --- soil moisture --- hydrological processes --- spatio-temporal --- sloping black soil farmland --- soil moisture content --- freeze–thaw period --- soil temperature --- CMADS-ST --- reservoir parameters --- runoff --- CMADS --- SWAT --- Yalong River --- CMADS --- impact --- hydrological modeling --- SWAT --- runoff --- sediment yield --- land-use change --- SWAT --- CMADS

Applications in Water Systems Management and Modeling

Authors:
ISBN: 9781789230444 9781789230451 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68457 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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With the growth of urbanization, industrialization, and intensive agricultural practices, all superficial, inland, and marine water bodies have become the repository for large quantities of every type of substance extraneous to the natural aquatic environment. The knowledge of hydrodynamics becomes crucial in this context, as it is the driving mechanism for the movement and transport of these matters and of sediments that become collectors of these substances, in a surface water system. The best way to understand these natural processes is via examples and case studies. This book deals with practical studies of hydrodynamic processes through physical and numerical models. Researchers, together with practicing engineers, will find this book useful in making a rapid assessment of different environmental water body problems.

Applications of Spatial Statistics

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ISBN: 9789535127567 9789535127574 Year: Pages: 156 DOI: 10.5772/61666 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:10

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Spatial statistics has been widely used in many environmental studies. This book is a collection of recent studies on applying spatial statistics in subjects such as demography, transportation, precision agriculture and ecology. Different subjects require different aspects of spatial statistics. In addition to quantitative statements from statistics and tests, visualization in forms of maps, drawings, and images are provided to illustrate the relationship between data and locations. This book will be valuable to researchers who are interested in applying statistics to spatial data, as well as graduate students who know statistics and want to explore how it can be applied to spatial data. With the processing part being simplified to several mouse clicks by commercial software, one should pay more attention to justification of using spatial statistics, as well as interpretation and assessment of the results. GIScience proves to be a useful tool in visualization of spatial data, and such useful technology should be utilized, as part, for the interpretation and assessment of the results.

Aquaculture Law and Policy

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Advances in Maritime Research ISBN: 9780203966556 9780415702010 9780415653572 9781135990381 9781135990374 9781135990336 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203966556 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Geography --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:31
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The aquaculture industry is fast expanding around the globe and causing major environmental and social disruptions. The volume is about getting a 'good governance' grip on this important industry. The book highlights the numerous law and policy issues that must be addressed in the search for effective regulation of aquaculture. Those issues include among others: the equitable and fair assignment of property rights; the design of effective dispute resolution mechanisms; clarification of what maritime laws apply to aquaculture; adoption of a proper taxation system for aquaculture; resolution of aboriginal offshore title and rights claims; recognition of international trade law restrictions such as labeling limitations and food safety requirements; and determination of whether genetically modified fish should be allowed and if so under what controls. This book will appeal to a broad range of audiences: undergraduate and postgraduate students, academic researchers, policy makers, NGOs, practicing lawyers and industry representatives.

Aquifers - Matrix and Fluids

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789234909 9781789234916 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69070 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The rock matrix and the fluids contained therein define the aquifer as a whole, the custodian of continuity of life on this planet Earth. Its sustainable development, equitable utilization, quality maintenance, and balanced discharge and recharge are the essential elements to ensure that the next generation receives the resource baton passed on by the current generation. Spanning across the political and regional frontiers, transboundary aquifers have the potential to provide a uniting platform to the participatory nations. The common good of water can be enhanced by synergized research, data and knowledge sharing, joint development ventures, and hazard mitigation. Covering the multifarious facets of aquifers, this book will form an essential and interesting reading for all stakeholders?researchers, engineers, academia, intelligentsia, and the common consumer.

Listing 11 - 20 of 164 << page
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